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# Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is

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Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 05:40
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Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of 2 percent annually.

(A) world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of

(B) the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of

(C) the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of

(D) the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is

(E) oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of

What is the reason for B being incorrect ?

Q-2) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
A. In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
B. Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43% of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
C. Today, more than 43% of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35% decade ago.
D. Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, whereas it was about 35%.
E. Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43%, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35%.

OA: C. Why is E Incorrect ?

Thanks,
GR
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 25 Jan 2018, 00:30
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Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of 2 percent annually.

(A) world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of

(B) the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of

(C) the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of

(D) the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is

(E) oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of

Originally posted by iDisappear on 28 Aug 2010, 11:26.
Last edited by hazelnut on 25 Jan 2018, 00:30, edited 5 times in total.
Edited the question. Fixed the typo. (A) world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of
##### General Discussion
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 06:02
4
(1) Modifier issue

What is currently 26 billion barrels a year? oil consumption

Only A fits

(2) "it" in all answer choices seem to be referring to population, which does not exist in the sentence to start with

Only C fits.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 06:10
icandy wrote:
(1) Modifier issue

What is currently 26 billion barrels a year? oil consumption

Only A fits

(2) "it" in all answer choices seem to be referring to population, which does not exist in the sentence to start with

Only C fits.

I have a problem when it comes to Modifiers. Can you give me a tip on how to go about them. (I have gone thru Manhattan SC couple of times). In case of A as you mentioned what is currently 26 billion barrels a year? i know oil consumption. But is this the proper way to go about it. I feel there may be some other way.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2009, 09:23
6
3
You need to understand framework #3.

Consider:
1) "currently 26 billion barrels a year, world oil consumption blah blah blah."

2) World oil consumption, currently 26 billion barrels a year, blah blah blah."

3) World oil consumption blah blah blah, currently 26 billion barrels a year."

Notice there are 3 different places you can position the descriptive phrase "currently 26 billion barrels a year." However, notice #3 does not make sense! Why? because from a sentence structure perspective, that phrase is structured so it describes the word nearest the comma to the left of it--which is NOT oil consumption.

But in #2, "currently 26 billion barrels a year" correctly is positioned with a comma to the left and the correct subject "world oil consumption."

Likewise in #1, "currently 26 billion barrels a year" correctly describes the word right next to the comma to the right of it--"world oil consumption"

So whenever you have a descriptive phrase, it must describe the word nearest the comma. The ONLY exception is when you have an "-ing" verb, in which case it must describe the subject of the sentence. But in this case you have a descriptive phrase: "currently 26 billion barrels a year" and it is positioned so it describes whatever word is to the right of the comma.

If you go through all the answer choices, only choice A has a word that makes sense with the phrase "currently 26 billion barrels a year"---the other answer choices have words that don't make sense with that phrase.

So you need to identify the structure of the sentence, look at how that structure dictates what describes what and identify which answer choice makes sense. I can only tell you so much via text, for more info check out the GMAT Pill Study Method.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2009, 04:00
Thanks GmatPhill for the explanation. I guess I am now getting a hang of how to solve modifier problems.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2010, 22:52
2
2
iDisappear wrote:
Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of 2
percent annually.

Understanding the meaning of the sentence : the clause 'Currently 26 billion barrels a year' is for ' world's oil consumption.

A. world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of - Correct
B. the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of
C. the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of
D. the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is
E. oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2010, 23:53
19
9
Modifier:

A. world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of - "Currently 26 billion barrels a year" modifies the current consumption of oil
B. the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of - "Currently 26 billion barrels a year" - modifies "the world"
C. the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of - "Currently 26 billion barrels a year" - modifies "the worlds oil"
D. the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is - "Currently 26 billion barrels a year" - modifies "the rate of rise"
E. oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of - "Currently 26 billion barrels a year" - modifies "the oil"

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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 03:38
1
A. world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of-term consumption correctly refers to 26 billion barrels a year
B. the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of -it is nonsensical to say world is 26 billion barrels
C. the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of -means that world's oil is 26 billion barrels
D. the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is - rise of consumption rate can be 26 billion barrels but it changes the meaning of original sentence. According to original sentence current world consumption is 26 billion barrels.
E. oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of- awkward construction

correct A
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 15:58
Clearly A, modifier error in other options.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 16:27
iDisappear wrote:
Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of 2
percent annually.
A. world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of
B. the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of
C. the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of
D. the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is
E. oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of

modifier error - "currently 26 bililon barrels a year" must be followed by what it modiefies......the only answer that makes sense here is A

B the world is not currently at 26b a year,
C the world's oil is not currently 26b
D the rise is not 26b barrel
E "oil" is not currently at 26 bililon barrels a year...
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2012, 02:25
1
gmatpill wrote:
You need to understand framework #3.

Consider:
1) "currently 26 billion barrels a year, world oil consumption blah blah blah."

2) World oil consumption, currently 26 billion barrels a year, blah blah blah."

3) World oil consumption blah blah blah, currently 26 billion barrels a year."

Notice there are 3 different places you can position the descriptive phrase "currently 26 billion barrels a year." However, notice #3 does not make sense! Why? because from a sentence structure perspective, that phrase is structured so it describes the word nearest the comma to the left of it--which is NOT oil consumption.

But in #2, "currently 26 billion barrels a year" correctly is positioned with a comma to the left and the correct subject "world oil consumption."

Likewise in #1, "currently 26 billion barrels a year" correctly describes the word right next to the comma to the right of it--"world oil consumption"

So whenever you have a descriptive phrase, it must describe the word nearest the comma. The ONLY exception is when you have an "-ing" verb, in which case it must describe the subject of the sentence. But in this case you have a descriptive phrase: "currently 26 billion barrels a year" and it is positioned so it describes whatever word is to the right of the comma.

If you go through all the answer choices, only choice A has a word that makes sense with the phrase "currently 26 billion barrels a year"---the other answer choices have words that don't make sense with that phrase.

So you need to identify the structure of the sentence, look at how that structure dictates what describes what and identify which answer choice makes sense. I can only tell you so much via text, for more info check out the GMAT Pill Study Method.

Hi, I dint understand the meaning of "world consumption". I believe that it is "world's consumption". if not, what is the difference between "world consumption" and "world's consumption"
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2012, 23:56
but the descriptive phrase 'currently 26 billion a year' is referring to world after comma....i guess it should be world's oil...pl confirm
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2012, 06:01
The first sentence (A) The first part of the sentence is used as a modifier for the world consumption...
Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of 2 percent annually.

C. Today, more than 43% of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35% decade ago. CLEAR AND CONCISE, NO AMBIGUITY.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2013, 03:20
Q-2) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
A. In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%. Here the percentage of hispanics is being with decade,actually present hispanics percentage should be compared to percentage of hispanics a decade ago
B. Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43% of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.same error as "a"
C. Today, more than 43% of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35% decade ago.correctly compares present percentage with percentage of a decade ago
D. Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, whereas it was about 35%."whereas it was about 35%" should be nearer to decade which modifies
E. Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43%, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35%. usage of like should be used for nouns and pronouns only
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 18:30
greatchap wrote:
Hi Guys,

Came across a SC ques in GMAT PREP -

Q-1) Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of 2 percent annually.

A. world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of
world's oil consumption to be clear : and u find the sentence good.

B. the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of
changes meaning.

C. the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of
distortion of everything.

D. the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is
modifier error

E. oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of
passive and not clear.
OA:

What is the reason for B being incorrect ?

Q-2) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
A. In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
B. Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43% of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
C. Today, more than 43% of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35% decade ago.
D. Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, whereas it was about 35%.
E. Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43%, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35%.

OA: . Why is E Incorrect ?

Thanks,
GR

for this question, all the choices try to compare apples with orranges so all except c are wrng. c is consistent and very clear.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2013, 04:38
1
Which kind of modifier is - Currently 26 billion barrels a year
I know that currently is the adverb so is above phrase an adverbial modifier?
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2013, 10:04
krrish wrote:
greatchap wrote:
Hi Guys,

Came across a SC ques in GMAT PREP -

Q-1) Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of 2 percent annually.

A. world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of
world's oil consumption to be clear : and u find the sentence good.

B. the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of
changes meaning.

C. the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of
distortion of everything.

D. the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is
modifier error

E. oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of
passive and not clear.
OA:

What is the reason for B being incorrect ?

Q-2) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
A. In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
B. Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43% of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35%.
C. Today, more than 43% of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35% decade ago.
D. Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43%, whereas it was about 35%.
E. Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43%, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35%.

OA: . Why is E Incorrect ?

Thanks,
GR

for this question, all the choices try to compare apples with orranges so all except c are wrng. c is consistent and very clear.

The answer C do not have a meaning problem? because we are supposed to comparing the population in California not the Californians because there is a difference between it, a guy can move to Mexico to California he will be a mexican living in California not a californian.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2013, 09:44
Q-1) Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of 2 percent annually.

A. world consumption of oil is rising at a rate of <--- world consumption of oil , I THINK 's is missing it should be "world's consumption of oil"
B. the world is consuming oil at an increasing rate of <-- The world is not a appropriate subject for sentence starting with "26 billion barrels a year"
C. the world’s oil is being consumed at the increasing rate of <-- it looks fine, "the increasing" looks little bit odd should be "an increasing" <--best of all.
D. the rise in the rate of the world’s oil consumption is <--same issue as B
E. oil is consumed by the world at an increasing rate of <--- passive voice, not perfect.

EXPERTS ::: > I think, in option A apostrophe 's is missing right after world.

I selected C, bcz it is best.
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Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2014, 14:29
Option A

"Currently 26 billion barrels a year" modifying correctly world consumption of oil
Re: Currently 26 billion barrels a year, world consumption of oil is &nbs [#permalink] 24 Jul 2014, 14:29

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