Dental Caries and Gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Dental Caries and Gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by

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Dental Caries and Gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2004, 23:44
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Dental Caries and Gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them.

A. not only by the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them.

E. not only by what patients eat but also by when they eat it

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21 Jul 2004, 23:47
I believe E is better. In the first case, the pronoun them could refer to either foods or patients.
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21 Jul 2004, 23:55
I dont think that " them" can refer to patients in A. It will be going too far. Iam sure their is some other issue here.. may be of brevity and alternate use of word "it"
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22 Jul 2004, 05:00
Yes E is correct..but can anybody explain the use of "it" here.
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22 Jul 2004, 05:17
I believe (E) is better for two reasons:

First and foremost is the parrallelism: not only by what patients eat but also by when they eat it.

Here two bold parts they make the sentence parallel.

Second is the clear reference of "it", correctly refers to the food.
While "foods.......them" looks bit awkward.
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22 Jul 2004, 05:41
crackgmat750 wrote:
Yes E is correct..but can anybody explain the use of "it" here.

"...not only by what patients eat but also by when they eat it"

'it' here refers to 'whatever' the patients eat. 'it' here might be labelled as redundent, but may not necessarily be so. Redundent perhaps because food as a word has not been mentioned in this option.
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22 Jul 2004, 09:11
E does not seem to have a noun to refer too....

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22 Jul 2004, 09:11
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