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# Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods

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Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 01 Oct 2018, 21:57
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54% (01:16) correct 46% (01:31) wrong based on 436 sessions

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Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them.

(A) not only by the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them

(B) by not only the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them

(C) not only by the foods patients eat but also by time when the foods are eaten

(D) by not only the foods that are eaten by patients but also by the times the foods are eaten

(E) not only by what patients eat but also by when they eat it

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Originally posted by BM on 01 Nov 2009, 15:43.
Last edited by Bunuel on 01 Oct 2018, 21:57, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2009, 21:56
3
5
Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them.

(A) not only by the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them
(B) by not only the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them
(C) not only by the foods patients eat but also by time when the foods are eaten
(D) by not only the foods that are eaten by patients but also by the times the foods are eaten
(E) not only by what patients eat but also by when they eat it

Answer E.

There is a problem with parallelism in the original sentence. "...not only by the foods but also by when" is not parallel. If the phrase begins by comparing food, which is a noun, the second half of the comparison must also be a noun. As it is currently constructed, "by the foods" is compared to "by when the patients eat". In order to correct the error, select answer E. "By what patients eat but also by when they eat it" maintains parallelism in two ways. First, what and when are both parallel. Second, both words are preceeded by the word by.
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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2010, 02:36
1
phillypointgod21 wrote:
Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them.

(A) not only by the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them
(B) by not only the foods patients eat but also by when the patients eat them
(C) not only by the foods patients eat but also by time when the foods are eaten
(D) by not only the foods that are eaten by patients but also by the times the foods are eaten
(E) not only by what patients eat but also by when they eat it

Answer E.

There is a problem with parallelism in the original sentence. "...not only by the foods but also by when" is not parallel. If the phrase begins by comparing food, which is a noun, the second half of the comparison must also be a noun. As it is currently constructed, "by the foods" is compared to "by when the patients eat". In order to correct the error, select answer E. "By what patients eat but also by when they eat it" maintains parallelism in two ways. First, what and when are both parallel. Second, both words are preceeded by the word by.

Thanks for the explanation. But I still don't understand why:

- C is incorrect. It also maintains parallelism (by the foods ll by time - both foods and time are nouns)
- in E. the "it" seems to have no antecedent as I don't expect the phrase "what patients eat" can be an antecedent. (am i wrong?)
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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2010, 05:17
2
Got it wrong as A. Thanks phillypointgod21 for explaning the problem with parallelism.
However I dont believe its C due to an awkward construction. Again it cannot be E as 'it' does not refer to food there.
I believe the solution is something other than those listed.
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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods  [#permalink]

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26 May 2011, 07:48
As the explanations have gone about, there seems to be a consensus that this is an issue of parallelism and E is the only parallel presentation but for the irksome pronoun reference of the word ‘it’.

The pronoun simply refers to ‘what’ in the clause ‘what patients eat’. It may be seen that 'what' may stand either foods or for anything else for that matter since the choice cleverly avoids the word ‘food’ in its entire text. So we should not miscomprehend that ‘it’ has no referent and that if at all there was a referent, it should be a plural referent.
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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 04:01
IMO E

"not only by x but also by y" form should be used.
So B & D are out.left with A,C and E.
A uses "them" so incorrect.
C uses incorrect form of parallelism
E- Correct form and also maintains parallelism.

Hope my explanation is correct.Would be great if someone could plz verify.
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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2012, 10:09
A – “foods that patients eat” is correct. Them refers to “food” which is incorrect. Eliminate
B – not only X but also Y is not maintained. Eliminate
C – As A
D – same as B
E - Keep
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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods  [#permalink]

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29 May 2019, 13:43
E changes meaning of sentence as food is there in original sentence but in e word food is missing

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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2019, 07:48
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Re: Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by   [#permalink] 26 Nov 2019, 07:48
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# Dental caries and gingivitis can be exacerbated not only by the foods

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