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Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t

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Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2009, 02:18
6
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

86% (00:44) correct 14% (00:59) wrong based on 580 sessions

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Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each their own method of adapting to long periods of moisture shortage.

A. with several distinct animal species
B. with distinctly several animal species, each with its
C. by several distinct animal species, each with its
D. by several distinct animal species, having each its
E. by several distinct animal species, that each has their
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2009, 02:34
3
I think in D having modifies Deserts rather than species. IMO the key is the comma before having, which makes having modify the completely clause before it.

Compare

Scientists have found evidence suggesting that ...

Scientists have found evidence, suggesting

This might not be a good example but in the first sentence suggesting refers to evidence, whereas in the second suggesting modifies the whole clause and refers to Scientists.
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2009, 00:17
I choose C because I think sentence is a passive construct and hence we need a by
and having each its sounds awkward
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2013, 02:08
Just curious E has multiple errors "their" is incorrect but in this option "that" and "each" are referring to the same thing? ---> animal species
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2013, 06:01
3
fozzzy wrote:
Just curious E has multiple errors "their" is incorrect but in this option "that" and "each" are referring to the same thing? ---> animal species


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Hi fozzy,

Let’s insert choice E in the original sentence and then analyze it:

Desert are inhabited by several distinct animal species, that each has their own method of adapting to long periods of moisture shortage.

Yes, you are correct in saying that “that” and “each” both refer to “distinct animal species”. We don’t need the relative pronoun “that” the here because the sentence does not intend to talk about “distinct animal species” collectively.

Also use of comma before “that” is not acceptable. And as you have identified already, use of plural “their” is incorrect.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2013, 06:06
egmat wrote:

Also use of comma before “that” is not acceptable. And as you have identified already, use of plural “their” is incorrect.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Is this always incorrect on the GMAT?
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2013, 06:20
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fozzzy wrote:
egmat wrote:

Also use of comma before “that” is not acceptable. And as you have identified already, use of plural “their” is incorrect.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Is this always incorrect on the GMAT?


Hi fozzy,

Well, generally on GMAT, a "that clause" provides the information that is important for the overall logical meaning of the sentence. Hence, a "that clause" is never preceded by a comma on GMAT. I am yet to see an official sentence in which a "that clause" is preceded by a comma.

Thanks. :)
Shraddha
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2015, 00:24
In my opinion, the correct answer is C.

Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each their own method of adapting to long periods of moisture shortage.

A. with several distinct animal species -> inhabited by, not with, passive voice, and another error is that each and their not parallel .
B. with distinctly several animal species, each with its -> inhabited by, not with, distinct is correct.
C. by several distinct animal species, each with its -> the correct answer, "by" used in the passive voice, each with its : parallel
D. by several distinct animal species, having each its -> " having each its" sounds awkward
E. by several distinct animal species, that each has their -> the wrong answer, each and their not parallel.

Hope that helps !!!
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2015, 02:03
[quote="fozzzy"][quote="egmat"]

Also use of comma before “that” is not acceptable. And as you have identified already, use of plur

According to English grammar, 'that' is used ONLY in restrictive (or essential) relative clauses; these clauses are not separated from the noun they modify by a comma.
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2015, 16:12
It's (C).

(D) won't make sense if you take "having each its..." as an absolute phrase, as the phrase modifies "desert" instead of "different species". Whereas, (C) drops the use of the noun modifier "in which" out of redundancy, since "each" immediately precedes the noun "different species".
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 23:11
One another point that people fail to focus on is the differentiation between "distinct" and "distinctly" - One way in which GMAT wonderfully plays with the basics of Grammar.

Words with "ly" at the end are usually adverbs. Hence the word "distinctly" in Option B modifies the adjective "several". This makes Option B wrong.

The take-away from this question is this - Next time when you see the same word with an "ly" in one option and without an "ly" in another option the rule tested is that of adjectives and adverbs.

Hope that helps.

Thanks.

Dudyala Saikiran
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Re: Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, with each t &nbs [#permalink] 20 Sep 2018, 23:11
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