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Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial

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Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2008, 19:22
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Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so. Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.

Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the conclusion above?

A Long-term weather forecasts predict a mild winter.
B The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
C The largest sources of supply for both oil and natural gas are in subtropical regions unlikely to be affected by winter weather.
D The fuel requirements of industrial users of natural gas are not seriously affected by the weather.
E Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas.
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Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 May 2016, 20:15
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gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
PREMISE: Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so.

CONCLUSION: Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.


From what I understand, it means - Oil prices are low, therefore the natural gas prices are low. (unless there's severe winter)

So it means both the prices work in unison unless there's severe winter. So the SEVERE WINTER must introduce some irregularity. Right?

E states the irregularity.


Oil prices to industrial customers are low this year and likely to remain so.

Conclusion: If winter is not severe, natural gas price will also remain low.

So we are concluding that since oil prices are low, natural gas prices will remain low too. How can we strengthen the conclusion? In some way, we need to establish that gas prices will stay low if winters are not overly severe.

(B) The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
This tells us that if gas prices go up, users will switch to the cheaper oil. If this happens, gas prices will go down again. Hence, if oil prices stay low, gas prices will stay low too.
This helps strengthen our conclusion.

(E) Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas.
This doesn't explain the relation between oil and gas prices and hence doesn't strengthen our conclusion.
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Originally posted by VeritasKarishma on 07 Jul 2014, 21:06.
Last edited by VeritasKarishma on 15 May 2016, 20:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2012, 07:44
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Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so. Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.

Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the conclusion above?
 
(A) Long-term weather forecasts predict a mild winter.
(B) The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
(C) The largest sources of supply for both oil and natural gas are in subtropical regions unlikely to be affected by winter weather.
(D) The fuel requirements of industrial users of natural gas are not seriously affected by the weather.
(E) Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas.
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Re: CR oil and gas  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2008, 20:02
arorag wrote:
IMO B


Agree. Oil vs. Natural gas in terms of usage should be related...
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Re: CR oil and gas  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2008, 00:20
Agree with B.

We are looking for an answer, which confirms the correlation between the price of oil and the price of gas. B is the only one.
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Re: CR oil and gas  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2008, 00:33
Why C cannot be the answer? This also confirms low price of natural gas.

What is the OA?
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Re: CR oil and gas  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2008, 00:50
scthakur wrote:
Why C cannot be the answer? This also confirms low price of natural gas.

What is the OA?


C points out that the supply of oil and gas will not be disrupted by winter. This is not relevant to the argument, firstly because winter could, for example, have an effect on the demand. Second, the passage clearly states that this year winter does not have an effect on the price of oil, although in most cases it should. So, we are looking at some explanation that is not related to winter.
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Re: CR oil and gas  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2008, 13:13
A Long-term weather forecasts predict a mild winter. [ Has no effect on the prices to industrial customers]

B The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead. [ Hold it]

C The largest sources of supply for both oil and natural gas are in subtropical regions unlikely to be affected by winter weather. [Irrelevant – no correlation with Weather and price ]

D The fuel requirements of industrial users of natural gas are not seriously affected by the weather. [ With this choice we need to stretch the argument that Fuel requirements causes the prices to go up – and nothing in the argument that alludes to it ]

E Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas. [But this is opposite of what argument is concluding]

B for me!
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Re: CR oil and gas  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2008, 13:27
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OA is B.

I agree with the OA and I got it right ; but I have observed that GMAT does not want is to think too much in CR questions .. and if we think to much we assume some things and the end up providing wrong answers..but in this question we had to do some assumptions :

industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil

Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so. Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.

to join the two, it should go like..industrial users swith to oil.. so demand for natural gas will decrease.. which will decrease ( or maintain the same price ) of natural gas ..

this requires assumption that we have adequate supply of oil + natural gas supply will not decrease etc.. too much of thinking.. unlike GMAT CR

Do you guys agree ?
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Re: CR oil and gas  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2008, 22:53
ssandeepan wrote:
Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so. Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.

Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the conclusion above?

A Long-term weather forecasts predict a mild winter.
B The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
C The largest sources of supply for both oil and natural gas are in subtropical regions unlikely to be affected by winter weather.
D The fuel requirements of industrial users of natural gas are not seriously affected by the weather.
E Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas.


Clearly states B
Witrh approach of severe winter oil prices remain low and NG prices are high ,hence B which states industries should switch rightly supports !!!
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Re: Despite the approach of winter  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2012, 14:16
I went with C but the OA is B.. Any explanations...
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Re: Despite the approach of winter  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2012, 22:17
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abhishekkpv wrote:
I went with C but the OA is B.. Any explanations...


The argument clearly states that "unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low", So it is possible that if the winter is sever the price can change, which cannot be justified by option C

Premise 1 - Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so.
Conclusion - unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.

Any option which link the premise and conclusion is our answer i.e. here it should link oil with natural Gas

Option B does the job perfectly.

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Re: Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2012, 21:35
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(A) Long-term weather forecasts predict a mild winter => doesn't attach the premise " unless the winter is especially severe"
(B) The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
(C) The largest sources of supply for both oil and natural gas are in subtropical regions unlikely to be affected by winter weather. -> therefore, the severe weather has no impact on price => against conclusion that unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.
(D) The fuel requirements of industrial users of natural gas are not seriously affected by the weather => go against conclusion " unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low."
(E) Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas. => talk about oil price, not natural gas price
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Re: Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2012, 01:33
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First off, I want to stress that this question is actually not MUst-be-true one. It is actually a 'Straighten' question type.
As for the question, the correct answer is B

Premise-Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so.
Conclusion -Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.

Even if u cant understand which one is the conclusion by simply reading the argument, the word "therefore" is a great indicator of having a conclusion.
So, if u see that a sentence begins with the word "therefore", be sure that this sentence is a conclusion.

As we can see the premise says about the oil prices, but the conclusion is made about the gas prices. So, we have some logical gap between these two. In order to link these two sentence, we need an answer choice, that will have this link and by doing so, will definitely strengthen the passage above.

answer choice B states that the industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
the answer choice links gas with oil. it means that if the oil prices are low, the gas prices will also be low.
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Re: Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2012, 20:22
This is a nice CR +1 to the poster....!
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New post 08 Nov 2012, 02:22
Chose C but now can see why B is correct.
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Re: Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2014, 16:16
PREMISE: Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so.

CONCLUSION: Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.


From what I understand, it means - Oil prices are low, therefore the natural gas prices are low. (unless there's severe winter)

So it means both the prices work in unison unless there's severe winter. So the SEVERE WINTER must introduce some irregularity. Right?

E states the irregularity.
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Re: Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2016, 05:01
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
PREMISE: Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so.

CONCLUSION: Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.


From what I understand, it means - Oil prices are low, therefore the natural gas prices are low. (unless there's severe winter)

So it means both the prices work in unison unless there's severe winter. So the SEVERE WINTER must introduce some irregularity. Right?

E states the irregularity.


Oil prices to industrial customers are low this year and likely to remain so.

Conclusion: If winter is not severe, natural gas price will also remain low.

So we are concluding that since oil prices are low, natural gas prices will remain low too. How can we strengthen the conclusion? In some way, we need to establish that gas prices will stay low if winters are not overly severe.

(B) The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
This tells us that if gas prices go up, users will switch to the cheaper oil. If this happens, oil prices will go down again. Hence, if oil prices stay low, gas prices will stay low too.
This helps strengthen our conclusion.

(E) Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas.
This doesn't explain the relation between oil and gas prices and hence doesn't strengthen our conclusion.


I think you mean gas prices will go down again as a result of users shifting to oil
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Re: Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2016, 20:14
tsatomic wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
PREMISE: Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so.

CONCLUSION: Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.


From what I understand, it means - Oil prices are low, therefore the natural gas prices are low. (unless there's severe winter)

So it means both the prices work in unison unless there's severe winter. So the SEVERE WINTER must introduce some irregularity. Right?

E states the irregularity.


Oil prices to industrial customers are low this year and likely to remain so.

Conclusion: If winter is not severe, natural gas price will also remain low.


So we are concluding that since oil prices are low, natural gas prices will remain low too. How can we strengthen the conclusion? In some way, we need to establish that gas prices will stay low if winters are not overly severe.

(B) The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
This tells us that if gas prices go up, users will switch to the cheaper oil. If this happens, oil prices will go down again. Hence, if oil prices stay low, gas prices will stay low too.
This helps strengthen our conclusion.

(E) Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas.
This doesn't explain the relation between oil and gas prices and hence doesn't strengthen our conclusion.


I think you mean gas prices will go down again as a result of users shifting to oil


Yes, thanks for pointing out. Edited.
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Re: Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2016, 07:03
(Premise 1) Oil prices to industrial customers are low this year and likely to remain so.
(Option A or B or C or D or E) This option will connect the first premise to the conclusion and strengthen the argument as a whole
(Conclusion) If winter is not severe, natural gas price will also remain low.

Lets analyse option E first
(Premise 1) Oil prices to industrial customers are low this year and likely to remain so.
(Option E) Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas.
If Oil distribution is severely affected by severe winter then oil price will naturally go up. demand and supply.
But Premise states that Oil prices are low and are likely to stay so. Hence oil distribution is not going to be affected. Meaning winters are not going to be severe. Even if winter is severe, it makes no difference to gas distribution because gas distribution is not affected by severe winter.
Conclusion: If winter is not severe, natural gas price will also remain low.
Option E connects the premise and conclusion nicely.

Lets check B

Oil prices to industrial customers are low this year and likely to remain so.
(B) The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
If there are 500 oil user and 500 gas user, and if all 500 gas user switches to oil, then oil price will go up. So if winter is severe or if winter is not severe, it does not makes a 2 cent difference to anyone because half of the industries are using oil and oil price is unlikely to change and other half will quickly change to oil because they have the capabilities to do so.
Now how is this option connecting the premise and conclusion ????
Conclusion: If winter is not severe, natural gas price will also remain low.
even if winter is severe, gas price will remain unaffected because no one is using gas. remember the 500 industry who use gas can switch to oil
Option B neither strengthen our conclusion nor it connects the premise to the conclusion.

How can Option B be the right answer ????
WHAT AM I MISSING?

Can anyone explain this question using other easy real life examples.


VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
PREMISE: Despite the approach of winter, oil prices to industrial customers are exceptionally low this year and likely to remain so.

CONCLUSION: Therefore, unless the winter is especially severe, the price of natural gas to industrial customers is also likely to remain low.


From what I understand, it means - Oil prices are low, therefore the natural gas prices are low. (unless there's severe winter)

So it means both the prices work in unison unless there's severe winter. So the SEVERE WINTER must introduce some irregularity. Right?

E states the irregularity.


Oil prices to industrial customers are low this year and likely to remain so.

Conclusion: If winter is not severe, natural gas price will also remain low.

So we are concluding that since oil prices are low, natural gas prices will remain low too. How can we strengthen the conclusion? In some way, we need to establish that gas prices will stay low if winters are not overly severe.

(B) The industrial users who consume most natural gas can quickly and cheaply switch to using oil instead.
This tells us that if gas prices go up, users will switch to the cheaper oil. If this happens, gas prices will go down again. Hence, if oil prices stay low, gas prices will stay low too.
This helps strengthen our conclusion.

(E) Oil distribution is more likely to be affected by severe winter weather than is the distribution of natural gas.
This doesn't explain the relation between oil and gas prices and hence doesn't strengthen our conclusion.

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Re: Despite the approach of winter oil prices to industrial &nbs [#permalink] 19 Jun 2016, 07:03

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