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# Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the

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Intern
Joined: 26 Apr 2007
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Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Dec 2018, 10:27
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63% (01:19) correct 37% (01:32) wrong based on 393 sessions

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Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the relations between nations that illustrates what is wrong with alliances and treaties that do not have popular support.

(A) relations between nations that illustrates

(B) relation of one nation with another that illustrates

(C) relations between nations that illustrate

(D) relation of one nation with another and illustrate

(E) relations of nations that illustrates

Originally posted by vishalsuri on 07 Jul 2007, 13:42.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Dec 2018, 10:27, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
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Re: Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2010, 21:21
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Hey All,

I got a message saying this one is three years old and waiting for me. Excitement!

254. Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the relations between nations that illustrates what is wrong with alliances and treaties that do not have popular support.

(A) relations between nations that illustrates
PROBLEM: Subject-verb agreement. The subject here is "episodes," which is plural, so we need "illustrate."

(B) relation of one nation with another that illustrates
PROBLEM: Subject-verb agreement. The subject here is "episodes," which is plural, so we need "illustrate."

(C) relations between nations that illustrate
ANSWER - The thing people don't like here is "between," because we use "between" to talk about two things and "among" for more than two. However, I imagine there's a reading of this sentence in which we're talking about various relations between TWO countries (at a time), as in the relation between the US and Canada AND the relationship between US and Mexico at once, so we could describe that as "relations between nations". Sounds passable to me.

(D) relation of one nation with another and illustrate
PROBLEM: You have to say "relations between nations" or "relation of one nation TO another."

(E) relations of nations that illustrates
PROBLEM: Subject-verb agreement. The subject here is "episodes," which is plural, so we need "illustrate."

Fun!

-t
##### General Discussion
SVP
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 1928
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Re: Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2007, 11:20
OA is B.

It cannot be relations between nations because between is used for only two parties whereas we are talking about various parties (because we are talking about treaties and alliances)

my only question is what is illustrates in agreement with?
Director
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Re: Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2007, 04:59
Singular Subjects, Plural Predicates, etc.

See below or click on the link: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/ ... #irregular

We frequently run into a situation in which a singular subject is linked to a plural predicate:

E.g. My favorite breakfast is cereal with fruit, milk, orange juice, and toast.

Sometimes, too, a plural subject can be linked to singular predicate:

E.g. Mistakes in parallelism are the only problem here.

In such situations, remember that the number (singular or plural) of the subject, not the predicate, determines the number of the verb. See the section on Subject-Verb Agreement for further help.

A special situation exists when a subject seems not to agree with its predicate. For instance, when we want each student to see his or her counselor (and each student is assigned to only one counselor), but we want to avoid that "his or her" construction by pluralizing, do we say "Students must see their counselors" or "Students must see their counselor"? The singular counselor is necesssary to avoid the implication that students have more than one counselor apiece. Do we say "Many sons dislike their father or fathers"? We don't mean to suggest that the sons have more than one father, so we use the singular father. Theodore Bernstein, in Dos, Don'ts and Maybes of English Usage, says that "Idiomatically the noun applying to more than one person remains in the singular when (a) it represents a quality or thing possessed in common ("The audience's curiosity was aroused"); or (b) it is an abstraction ("The judges applied their reason to the problem"), or (c) it is a figurative word ("All ten children had a sweet tooth") (203). Sometimes good sense will have to guide you. We might want to say "Puzzled, the children scratched their head" to avoid the image of multi-headed children, but "The audience rose to their foot" is plainly ridiculous and about to tip over.

In "The boys moved their car/cars," the plural would indicate that each boy owned a car, the singular that the boys (together) owned one car (which is quite possible). It is also possible that each boy owned more than one car. Be prepared for such situations, and consider carefully the implications of using either the singular or the plural. You might have to avoid the problem by going the opposite direction of pluralizing: moving things to the singular and talking about what each boy did.
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Re: Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2010, 21:46
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I am in favor of C...
I was looking for among in the answer choices, presuming more than 2 nations to be involved, but none of the choices features an "among"...
Intern
Joined: 07 Nov 2015
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Location: China
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Re: Dr. Sayre’s lecture recounted several little-known episodes in the  [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2015, 06:43
bmwhype2 wrote:
OA is B.

It cannot be relations between nations because between is used for only two parties whereas we are talking about various parties (because we are talking about treaties and alliances)

my only question is what is illustrates in agreement with?

OA is B.
In GMAT, here are two facts that always hold:
(1) In a prepositional phrase, the noun after the preposition can NEVER be the subject of a sentence.
(2) An attributive clause always describes the CLOSEST subject.

(A) relations between (nations that illustrates)
Wrong. Nations cannot illustrate what is wrong. Their relation can.

(B) relation (of one nation with another) that illustrates
Correct.

(C) relations between (nations that illustrate)
Wrong. Same as A.

(D) relation of one nation with another and illustrate
Wrong. In this sentence the action "illustrate" is sent out by Dr. Sayre. However the tense is incorrect, and it changed the meaning of the sentence.

(E) relations of (nations that illustrates)
Wrong. Same as A, and the verb "illustrates" doesn't follow its subject "nations"
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Re: Dr. Sayres lecture recounted several little-known episodes  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 10:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Dr. Sayres lecture recounted several little-known episodes   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2019, 10:40
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