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Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can

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Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Oct 2018, 06:00
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 195
Page: 683

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 38
Page: 643

Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies. each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.

(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at

(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to

(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at

(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to

(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

https://www.nytimes.com/1987/10/13/science/mit-scientist-wins-nobel-prize-for-medicine.html

Dr. Tonegawa was cited by the Nobel committee at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.

Originally posted by pi10t on 06 Sep 2007, 13:48.
Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Oct 2018, 06:00, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2007, 21:48
6
pi10t wrote:
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies. each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign
substance.

(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at


E is correct. adjectives only modify nouns while adverbs can modify verbs, phrases, and other adverbs.

in this case, seemingly (an adverb) is modifying "unlimited number of antibodies"

"seeming" is an adjective and therefore wrong so we can eliminate A, B, and C. between D and E, "targeted.. at" is preferred over "targeted.. to"
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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2008, 16:48
4
lgon wrote:
255. Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at
Why A is wrong?



2 clues

1. "seemingly" must qualify an adj Eliminate A, ¨B and C
2. "Targeted at" is idiomatic
3. Each is required to illustrate the importance of each and every single antibody

Choose E
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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2011, 10:34
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies. each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign
substance.

(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at SEEMINGLY SHOULD APPLY TO DESCRIBE THE ADVERB. A, B, C ARE GONE
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to-TARGETED AT IS THE CORRECT IDIOM
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at
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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 14:36
I have chosen E for the answer:

A. Seemingly is the correct word here because we are trying to use a word to modify unlimited. Since an adjective cannot modify another adjective, an adverb must be used.

B. Seemingly is the correct word to be used, not seeming. "Targeted specifically at" is the correct form.

C. Seemingly is the correct word to be used, not seeming. The word "all" does not make sense in this case because it does not agree with the singular "an invading microbe or foreign substance."

D. The word "all" does not make sense in this case because it doesn't agree with "an invading microbe or foreign substance." Also, "targeted specifically to" is the incorrect form.

E. Seemingly is used correctly here and "each targeted specifically at" makes sense.
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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2013, 04:27
skamal7 wrote:
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign substance.
(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

I always get wrong when there is a construction like [adverb/adjective] [adverb/adjective] [noun]

Please some one help me to identify correctly in these type of constructions.
As per the meaning of sentence how the body can constantly change its genes to a antibodies . So it should be a adjective to modify the antibodies .Asusual i ended up wrongly with these constructions


This is form the OG's solution:
"Choices A, B, and C incorrectly use the adjective form seeming to modify the participial adjective unlimited. "
This means that "seeming (adj)unlimited (adj)number of antibodies" two adjectives cannot modify each other.
With this you are left with D and E only. I personally cannot find any difference between "targeted specifically" and "specifically targeted".
D is wrong because uses a wrong idiom "targeted TO"

Adjectives modify nouns.
Adverbs modify verbs, a clause, an adjective or an another adverb.
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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2013, 04:49
1
skamal7 wrote:
Carbon-14 dating reveals that the megalithic monuments in Brittany are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed Mediterranean predecessors.
(A) as old as any of their supposed
(B) older than any of their supposed
(C) as old as their supposed
(D) older than any of their supposedly
(E) as old as their supposedly
Here adjective is used. and can you tell me hw to identify whether it is modifying the adjective attached to it or the noun? here it modfies the noun but in the previous question it modifies the adjective.Am nt able to figure that out which one is being modified

B is answer here


Once you eliminate A C E (because they use "2000 years as old as"), you have to choose between supposed and supposedly

(B) older than any of their supposed (adjective) Mediterranean predecessors.
(D) older than any of their supposedly (adverb)Mediterranean predecessors.

What can "supposedly" modify? ONLY "Mediterranean ": it's a adverb so cannot refer to a noun.
So D says supposedly Mediterranean

What can "supposed" modify? ONLY "predecessors": it's a adjective so MUST refer to a noun.
So D says supposed predecessors

What is the intended meaning ? The sentence tries to say that those monuments are older than the supposed predecessors, so B is correct.

"Here adjective is used. and can you tell me hw to identify whether it is modifying the adjective attached to it or the noun? "
It's an adj, so it MUST refer to the noun. In the above question the adjective refereed to another adjective, and that's why it was wrong.
In the previous question
seeming/seemingly===> unlimited number of antibodies
we had to choose how to modify "unlimited " (an adj), so an adverb was required.

Hope everything is clear
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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 07:58
Hello Guys,

Shall somebody explain me why ''target at'' and not ''target to''?

Does not ''Each'' or ''All of them''need an explicit subject?, Would it be better ''That''?

Regards,


Kind regards,

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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can  [#permalink]

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Re: Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can &nbs [#permalink] 25 Sep 2018, 11:17
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