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# During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted

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During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2018, 09:13
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Project SC Butler: Day 51: Sentence Correction (SC2)

During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced.

(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced

(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced

(C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality

(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors

(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors

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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2018, 10:04
1
(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced ---> their has no clear referent (preservatives/dishes)

(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced ---> quality should be singular

(C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality ---> no referent for them

(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors ---> correct

(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors ---> wrong use of which. Here, it seems that dishes reduced the quality
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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2018, 11:09
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During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced.

(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced

(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced

(C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality

(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors

(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors

Meaning analysis: In the past (1970) some demand suggested to add some preservatives to food, thus quality of the food's flavors reduced.

Error analysis: Modifier placement, that modifies dishes, but per the meaning of the sentence it has to modify preservatives. Pronoun ambiguity, plural “their” can refer both “dishes” and “preservatives”. Idiom add X to Y, addition of X to Y.

(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced

(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced (pronoun ambiguity, singular “quality” cannot take plural “were”)

(C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality (“them” has no clear antecedent, reducing correctly modifies preceding clause)

(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors (here noun+noun modifier correctly modifies preceding clause, noun – “a change”, noun modifier – “that reduced the quality of the food's flavors”, no other errors)

(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors (which cannot modify clauses)

IMO answer choice D is correct.

(please correct if I'm mistaken, thank you)
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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2018, 11:53
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IMO D

(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced-----incorrect; it is alwyz better to use ACTION noun where possible in place of VERB-ing noun

(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced ---incorrect, meaning changes it shows now that quality was changed intentional, whereas in actual it means that quality change was result of addition of Preservatives

(C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality---Incorrect, them has no antecedant

(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors--->correct, Noun + noun modifier

(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors--->Incorrect, which referant to either simples dishes or addition of preservatives; it is ambigious, as one is correct while other s wrong
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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2018, 21:50
During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced.

Quote:
(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced.
THAT is wrong. Here "THAT" is referring to "Dishes", which is plural so "THOSE" should come. I think "adding" is wrong too. Prompted addition of ABC is better than Prompted adding ABC.

Quote:
(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced .
Change in meaning. Preservatives were not added to reduce quality of dishes but to enhance the food life. As per this option, it says preservatives were added so that Quality of dishes were reduced.

(
Quote:
C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality.
Prompted Whom? There is no antecedent for "THEM"

Quote:
(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors.
last part is correct but i am skeptical about "previously simple dishes"

Quote:
(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors.
"WHICH" can refer to "dishes" or to "addition of preservatives"

To me all options are wrong.
I think addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes is wrong modifier. Preservatives are not getting added to previous dishes. Preservatives are added to dishes, which used to be simple previously.

Please let me know what is the gap in my understanding.
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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2018, 21:51
Yash312 wrote:
IMO D

(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced-----incorrect; it is alwyz better to use ACTION noun where possible in place of VERB-ing noun

(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced ---incorrect, meaning changes it shows now that quality was changed intentional, whereas in actual it means that quality change was result of addition of Preservatives

(C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality---Incorrect, them has no antecedant

(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors--->correct, Noun + noun modifier

(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors--->Incorrect, which referant to either simples dishes or addition of preservatives; it is ambigious, as one is correct while other s wrong

Yash312,

Can you justify "preservatives to previously simple dishes"
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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2018, 23:23
ammuseeru wrote:
Yash312 wrote:
IMO D

(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced-----incorrect; it is alwyz better to use ACTION noun where possible in place of VERB-ing noun

(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced ---incorrect, meaning changes it shows now that quality was changed intentional, whereas in actual it means that quality change was result of addition of Preservatives

(C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality---Incorrect, them has no antecedant

(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors--->correct, Noun + noun modifier

(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors--->Incorrect, which referant to either simples dishes or addition of preservatives; it is ambigious, as one is correct while other s wrong

Yash312,

Can you justify "preservatives to previously simple dishes"

ammuseeru

There is no justification for a prepositional phrase as long it makes sense with the object it is defining and That prepositional phrase can't be placed anywhere else.

In the current option D, you can't place " addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes", because if you do so or even if you try to break the prepositional phrase and place the broken part somewhere else in sentence, IT WONT MAKE SENSE.

Go by the meaning and placement of modifiers in original sentence to extract max crux of the original sentence.
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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2018, 09:29
During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced.

(A) prompted the adding of preservatives to dishes that previously were simple, whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced
food or preservatives?

(B) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, so the quality of their flavors were reduced
food or preservatives?

(C) prompted them to add preservatives to previously simple dishes, reducing the food's flavor quality
Dangling pronoun

(D) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, a change that reduced the quality of the food's flavors

(E) prompted the addition of preservatives to previously simple dishes, which reduced the quality of the food's flavors
which ----> only places in antecedent.
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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2018, 11:34
1
Official Explanation :

If you look through the answers choices, you can see that some answers choices contains the gerund adding, whereas the other contains the noun addition, that is pretty good clue that the question is testing the use of nouns vs. gerunds, and that an answer containing the noun form is more likely to be correct.

Choice A is incorrect because the adding should be the addition; the noun form is standard usage. In addition the phrase whereby the quality of their flavors was reduced is wordy and awkward, and contains a passive construction.

Choice B is incorrect because the plural verb were disagrees with its singular subject quality. The plural noun flavors, which appears immediately before the verb is part of the prepositional phrase of their flavors.

Choice C is incorrect because the pronoun them is missing a referent. Logically we can assume that it refers to food manufacturers but that noun does not actually appear in the sentence. in addition the food's flavor quality should be the quality of the food's flavors; the former is idiomatically unacceptable.

Choice D is correct because the noun a change is appropriately used to refer back to the addition of preservatives and to begin an appositive that modifies the previous clause.

Choice E is incorrect because both them and which are missing referents. The sentence contains no plural noun to which them could reasonably refer. Although which logically refers to the addition of preservatives, the noun addition does not appear - only the verb to add, and a verb cannot act as a referent.
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Re: During the 1970s, the demand for long-lasting staple foods prompted   [#permalink] 28 Dec 2018, 11:34
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