GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Nov 2018, 22:01

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • All GMAT Club Tests are Free and open on November 22nd in celebration of Thanksgiving Day!

     November 22, 2018

     November 22, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Mark your calendars - All GMAT Club Tests are free and open November 22nd to celebrate Thanksgiving Day! Access will be available from 0:01 AM to 11:59 PM, Pacific Time (USA)
  • Free lesson on number properties

     November 23, 2018

     November 23, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Practice the one most important Quant section - Integer properties, and rapidly improve your skills.

During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Director
User avatar
B
Status: I don't stop when I'm Tired,I stop when I'm done
Joined: 11 May 2014
Posts: 537
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Finance, Leadership
GPA: 2.81
WE: Business Development (Real Estate)
During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 26 Aug 2018, 23:29
6
13
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

90% (01:49) correct 10% (02:10) wrong based on 2000 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than either windmills or water mills, the other practicable sources of power for factories. Yet despite their significant cost disadvantages, steam-powered factories were built in large numbers well before technical improvements brought their cost down. Furthermore, they were built even in regions where geographical conditions permitted the construction of wind- and water-powered factories close to major markets.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain?


A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization.

B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory.

C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power.

D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories.

E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time.

OG 2017 New Question
ID - CR01295

_________________

Md. Abdur Rakib

Please Press +1 Kudos,If it helps
Sentence Correction-Collection of Ron Purewal's "elliptical construction/analogies" for SC Challenges


Originally posted by AbdurRakib on 15 Jun 2016, 11:21.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Aug 2018, 23:29, edited 2 times in total.
Corrected typo in answer option E
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2128
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jun 2016, 01:04
1
Steam engines were expensive to build and operate .
Despite the significant cost disadvantages, steam-powered factories were built in large numbers .Also in regions where geographical conditions permitted the construction of wind- and water-powered factories close to major markets.

Paradox -
A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization.
Does not explain the reason
B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory. deepens the paradox
C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power. Irrelevant
D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories. Irrelevant
E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind- or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time. Resolves the paradox and explains the reason for the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain

Correct answer E
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 20 Aug 2015
Posts: 389
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V44
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jun 2016, 00:21
2
Now almost always on any CR question try and pre-think before moving on to answer choices.
This will help you choose the correct answer choice over an incorrect one or atleast give you an edge.

In this question the conclusion is - despite their significant cost disadvantages, steam-powered factories were built in large numbers well before technical improvements brought their cost down. This is based on the premise that steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than either windmills or water mills - the other practicable sources of power for factories.

CR questions are all about logic. Why the Steam engines would be constructed even though they did not have a cost advantage. It is possible that they offered some advantage other than the cost advantage , because of which they were manufactured.
With this in mind let’s see the answer choices

A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization – This option choice does not help us understand why steam engines were being manufactured in spite of cost disadvantage.
B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory – This gives us an opposite reason as to why Steam powered engines should not have been used.
C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power – This option is irrelevant in regard to the argument.
D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories – Again irrelevant with respect to the argument.
E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time- Bulls Eye – Since wind and water powered factory could not satisfy all the demand hence the need for Steam engines.

Hope this helps !!
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 18 Jun 2016
Posts: 262
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GPA: 4
WE: General Management (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jun 2017, 10:21
1
AbdurRakib wrote:
During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than either windmills or water mills, the other practicable sources of power for factories. Yet despite their significant cost disadvantages, steam-powered factories were built in large numbers well before technical improvements brought their cost down. Furthermore, they were built even in regions where geographical conditions permitted the construction of wind- and water-powered factories close to major markets.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain?

A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization.
B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory.
C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power.
D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories.
E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time.

OG 2017 New Question

How does the line highlighted above bodes with the OA??

People were building the Steam Factories even though they could build successfully a wind/water factory at that spot..
_________________

I'd appreciate learning about the grammatical errors in my posts

Please hit Kudos If my Solution helps

My Debrief for 750 - https://gmatclub.com/forum/from-720-to-750-one-of-the-most-difficult-pleatues-to-overcome-246420.html

My CR notes - https://gmatclub.com/forum/patterns-in-cr-questions-243450.html

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 03 May 2017
Posts: 98
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jun 2017, 17:27
1
umg wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than either windmills or water mills, the other practicable sources of power for factories. Yet despite their significant cost disadvantages, steam-powered factories were built in large numbers well before technical improvements brought their cost down. Furthermore, they were built even in regions where geographical conditions permitted the construction of wind- and water-powered factories close to major markets.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain?

A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization.
B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory.
C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power.
D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories.
E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time.



OG 2017 New Question

How does the line highlighted above bodes with the OA??

People were building the Steam Factories even though they could build successfully a wind/water factory at that spot..


Hi,
The connection between the OA and your highlight is the excess demand for the factory-made good. So even at sites conducive for wind/water powered factory, steam factories still needed to be erected to service the excess demand, especially in the major markets.

Hope this is clear.

Best,
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 18 Jun 2016
Posts: 262
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GPA: 4
WE: General Management (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2017, 01:42
rulingbear wrote:
umg wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than either windmills or water mills, the other practicable sources of power for factories. Yet despite their significant cost disadvantages, steam-powered factories were built in large numbers well before technical improvements brought their cost down. Furthermore, they were built even in regions where geographical conditions permitted the construction of wind- and water-powered factories close to major markets.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain?

A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization.
B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory.
C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power.
D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories.
E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time.



OG 2017 New Question

How does the line highlighted above bodes with the OA??

People were building the Steam Factories even though they could build successfully a wind/water factory at that spot..


Hi,
The connection between the OA and your highlight is the excess demand for the factory-made good. So even at sites conducive for wind/water powered factory, steam factories still needed to be erected to service the excess demand, especially in the major markets.

Hope this is clear.

Best,

I think I should elaborate my question..

Universal Fact: On one piece of land, we can construct only one kind of factory - Wind/Water power or Steam Powered.
Premise 1: Steam Powered Factories were built in large numbers even though they were more expensive to construct and operate.
Premise 2: Steam Powered Factories were built Even on the land on which Wind/Water Powered factories could be constructed.

Now, nowhere in these premises is it given that steam powered factories could produce more goods than the other types. The only benefit that steam powered ones had was that those factories could be manufactured anywhere irrespective of their closeness to the source of power. However, this does not explains why steam factories were constructed even on the land where a cheaper Wind/Water factory could be constructed. Repeating Again - OA does not Clarify why Steam powered factories Replaced Wind/Water Powered factories..
_________________

I'd appreciate learning about the grammatical errors in my posts

Please hit Kudos If my Solution helps

My Debrief for 750 - https://gmatclub.com/forum/from-720-to-750-one-of-the-most-difficult-pleatues-to-overcome-246420.html

My CR notes - https://gmatclub.com/forum/patterns-in-cr-questions-243450.html

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 18 Jun 2016
Posts: 262
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GPA: 4
WE: General Management (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2017, 01:46
I am facing difficulty understanding how OA resolves the paradox and following are my issues in it..

Universal Fact:On one piece of land, we can construct only one kind of factory - Wind/Water power or Steam Powered.
Premise 1: Steam Powered Factories were built in large numbers even though they were more expensive to construct and operate.
Premise 2: Steam Powered Factories were built Even on the land on which Wind/Water Powered factories could be constructed.

Now, nowhere in these premises is it given that steam powered factories could produce more goods than the other types. The only benefit that steam powered ones had was that those factories could be manufactured anywhere irrespective of their closeness to the source of power. However, this does not explains why steam factories were constructed even on the land where a cheaper Wind/Water factory could be constructed. Repeating Again - OA does not Clarify why Steam powered factories Replaced Wind/Water Powered factories..
_________________

I'd appreciate learning about the grammatical errors in my posts

Please hit Kudos If my Solution helps

My Debrief for 750 - https://gmatclub.com/forum/from-720-to-750-one-of-the-most-difficult-pleatues-to-overcome-246420.html

My CR notes - https://gmatclub.com/forum/patterns-in-cr-questions-243450.html

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 03 May 2017
Posts: 98
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 23 Jun 2017, 20:07
3
1
umg wrote:
I am facing difficulty understanding how OA resolves the paradox and following are my issues in it..

Universal Fact:On one piece of land, we can construct only one kind of factory - Wind/Water power or Steam Powered.
Premise 1: Steam Powered Factories were built in large numbers even though they were more expensive to construct and operate.
Premise 2: Steam Powered Factories were built Even on the land on which Wind/Water Powered factories could be constructed.

Now, nowhere in these premises is it given that steam powered factories could produce more goods than the other types. The only benefit that steam powered ones had was that those factories could be manufactured anywhere irrespective of their closeness to the source of power. However, this does not explains why steam factories were constructed even on the land where a cheaper Wind/Water factory could be constructed. Repeating Again - OA does not Clarify why Steam powered factories Replaced Wind/Water Powered factories..


Hi,

This is the prompt:

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain?

The main paradox is that steam-powered factories proliferated in spite of being relatively expensive and the minor one is that they did so even where there are better alternatives.

This is what the OA says:
E) In Britain, the number of sites where the wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time.

Now you are right, nowhere in these premises is it given that steam powered factories could produce more goods than the other types. However, excess demand would encourage the building of steam powered factories in addition to wind/water factories in areas where wind/water are optimum.

You are also right to point the major advantage of steam powered factories - anywhere irrespective of their closeness to the source of power. This benefit primarily resolved your number 1 premise stated above i.e they were built in spite of being expensive.

In fact, one could equally say building steam factories in optimum locations for the alternative is just a subset of them being expensive, however, a combination of being able to build them without geographical constraint and the need for more goods anyway should be enough to resolve that conundrum.

Finally, remember that CR questions, while convoluted sometimes, are crafted to be solved under 2 minutes. Therefore I will suggest you shouldn't over think OAs as they aren't necessarily comprehensive, they are sometimes just the best among the 5 options. This is reflected in the prompt which asked for the statement that, If true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories[/b] during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain? And option E is just better, overall, than the others. If you think otherwise, I am curious to know your answer.

Also, keep in mind that one can come up with a myriad of other reasons why steam power proliferated after all that was a historical truth. However, only one of limited scope would be in a GMAT CR option. Think about a CR question as an abbreviated RC.

I commend your efforts to get to the root of the problem and I hope I am a clearer in my explanation.

Best,
Rulingbear

Originally posted by rulingbear on 17 Jun 2017, 06:41.
Last edited by rulingbear on 23 Jun 2017, 20:07, edited 2 times in total.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 18 Jun 2016
Posts: 262
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GPA: 4
WE: General Management (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jun 2017, 04:20
rulingbear wrote:
umg wrote:
I am facing difficulty understanding how OA resolves the paradox and following are my issues in it..

Universal Fact:On one piece of land, we can construct only one kind of factory - Wind/Water power or Steam Powered.
Premise 1: Steam Powered Factories were built in large numbers even though they were more expensive to construct and operate.
Premise 2: Steam Powered Factories were built Even on the land on which Wind/Water Powered factories could be constructed.

Now, nowhere in these premises is it given that steam powered factories could produce more goods than the other types. The only benefit that steam powered ones had was that those factories could be manufactured anywhere irrespective of their closeness to the source of power. However, this does not explains why steam factories were constructed even on the land where a cheaper Wind/Water factory could be constructed. Repeating Again - OA does not Clarify why Steam powered factories Replaced Wind/Water Powered factories..


Hi,

This is the prompt:

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain?

The main paradox is that steam-powered factories proliferated in spite of being relatively expensive and the minor one is that they did so even where there are better alternatives.

This is what the OA says:
E) In Britain, the number of sites where the wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time.

Now you are right, nowhere in these premises is it given that steam powered factories could produce more goods than the other types. However, excess demand would encourage the building of steam powered factories in addition to wind/water factories in areas where wind/water are optimum.

You are also right to point the major advantage of steam powered factories - anywhere irrespective of their closeness to the source of power. This benefit primarily resolved your number 1 premise stated above i.e they were built in spite of being expensive.

In fact, one could equally say building steam factories in optimum locations for the alternative is just a subset of them being expensive, however, a combination of the being able to build them without geographical constraint and the need for more goods anyway should be enough to resolve them.

Finally, remember that CR questions, while convoluted sometimes, are crafted to be solved under 2 minutes. Therefore I will suggest you shouldn't over think OAs as they aren't necessarily comprehensive, they are sometimes just the best among the 5 options. This is reflected in the prompt which asked for the statement that, I[b]f true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories[/b] during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain? And option E is just better, overall, than the others. If you think otherwise, I am curious to know your answer.

Also, keep in mind that one can come of myriads of other reasons why steam power proliferated after all that was a historical truth. However, only one of limited scope would be in a GMAT CR option. Think about a CR question as an abbreviated RC.

I commend your efforts to get to the root of the problem and I hope I am a clearer in my explanation.

Best,
Rulingbear

Thanks for a patient and detailed reply. As it turns out, I did notice this flaw/weakness in my thought and did note it down in my notes but because it has been a few weeks since I revised those notes, I forgot it.

Here is the exact text as I noted - Though Partial Explanation is not the Best Answer in Easy Questions, it may be the answer IF every other option is Out of Scope - and it fits here perfectly.
_________________

I'd appreciate learning about the grammatical errors in my posts

Please hit Kudos If my Solution helps

My Debrief for 750 - https://gmatclub.com/forum/from-720-to-750-one-of-the-most-difficult-pleatues-to-overcome-246420.html

My CR notes - https://gmatclub.com/forum/patterns-in-cr-questions-243450.html

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2105
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2017, 17:48
Awesome explanations, rulingbear! :thumbup:
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

VP
VP
User avatar
P
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1084
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Reviews Badge
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jun 2017, 08:43
Imo E
E gives us a reason why there was a need for the steam powered factories .
_________________

Please give kudos if you found my answers useful

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 07 Jun 2017
Posts: 174
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT 1: 660 Q46 V38
GPA: 3.6
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Sep 2017, 01:15
Clearly E.
Since the demand cannot be supplied with Water and Wind mill, then Steam mills introduced to meet the Demand
_________________

Regards,
Naveen
email: nkmungila@gmail.com
Please press kudos if you like this post

Mannheim Thread Master
User avatar
S
Status: It's now or never
Joined: 10 Feb 2017
Posts: 192
Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q40 V39
GPA: 3
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Sep 2017, 11:58
Situation: Even though steam engines were more expensive than windmills and water mills in early industrial Britain, many steam-powered factories were built even in regions where the construction of wind- and water-powered factories were geographically feasible.

Prethinking: Why will someone prefer to open steam engines powered factories, when economical alternatives such as windmills and water-mills were available? Look for information that proves to stay with steam powered factories irrespective of their costs.

Thus, "E" is the correct choice.
_________________

2017-2018 MBA Deadlines

Threadmaster for B-school Discussions
Class of 2019: Mannheim Business School
Class 0f 2020: HHL Leipzig

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: IF YOU CAN DREAM IT, YOU CAN DO IT
Joined: 03 Jul 2017
Posts: 205
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, International Business
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 May 2018, 08:36
i might sound dumb but i have a doubt. So here in Option C which i initially marked to be the answer it says that the conversion of the wind and the water mills are expensive and a difficult process. So i marked this as the answer because i thought since its conversion is expensive so it is better to built the steam mills at the first. why is this thought process not right ??
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2105
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jun 2018, 20:42
longhaul123 wrote:
i might sound dumb but i have a doubt. So here in Option C which i initially marked to be the answer it says that the conversion of the wind and the water mills are expensive and a difficult process. So i marked this as the answer because i thought since its conversion is expensive so it is better to built the steam mills at the first. why is this thought process not right ??

Not a dumb question at all!

At the time, steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than either windmills or water mills, and steam-powered factories had significant cost disadvantages. Sure, if factory builders could see the future and predict that technological improvements would eventually make steam-powered factories more economical to operate, then perhaps those risk-taking individuals would have built steam-powered factories despite their current cost-disadvantages.

But would that explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization? Steam-engines are CURRENTLY expensive to build. So even if technological improvements reduce the build cost, someone who built a steam factory in the earliest period would probably not benefit at all from that cost reduction (they've already pay for their steam engines).

Operating costs might eventually go down, but will that make up for the all of the costs of A) building a more expensive factory and B) operating the factory with more-expensive steam-power until steam becomes the cheaper option (an unknown length of time)? Even if steam eventually becomes much cheaper, it might be impossible to recoup all of those losses.

(C) might explain why some factory builders chose steam. However, in order for (C) to explain the proliferation, we'd have to assume that MANY factory builders were willing to make that gamble and invest tons of money in a more-expensive technology.

(E) is a much better answer.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 14 Dec 2017
Posts: 512
Premium Member
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jun 2018, 09:09
AbdurRakib wrote:
During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engines were more expensive to build and operate than either windmills or water mills, the other practicable sources of power for factories. Yet despite their significant cost disadvantages, steam-powered factories were built in large numbers well before technical improvements brought their cost down. Furthermore, they were built even in regions where geographical conditions permitted the construction of wind- and water-powered factories close to major markets.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the proliferation of steam-powered factories during the earliest period of industrialization in Britain?

A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization.
B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory.
C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power.
D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories.
E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time.

OG 2017 New Question


Question Type - Explain the discrepancy/Resolve the paradox

Premise 1: Steam engines were more expensive to build & operate as compared to other prevalent sources of power for industrial production.

Premise 2: Steam engines were built in large numbers despite being expensive, Steam engines were built in locations where water & wind is abundant for wind mills or water powered factories.

Analysis: The cost to benefit advantages of having a steam powered factory out weigh the cost. This could be either there is anticipation that wind & water power is going to get more expensive in near future & as a means of preparation for future, steam powered factories are being built. Another reason could be anticipation of future demand or the current demand that is fulfilled by wind or water powered factories is insufficient.


A) In many areas of Britain, there were fewer steam-powered factories than wind- or water-powered factories in the earliest period of industrialization. - Provides additional information but doesn't help to explain the contradiction in the premises. Incorrect
B) Unlike wind- or water-powered factories, steam-powered factories were fueled with coal, which sometimes had to be transported significant distances from the mine to the site of the factory. Same as A. Incorrect
C) It was both difficult and expensive to convert a factory from wind power or water power to steam power. There is no mention of conversion. The steam powered factories are built new & not converted from wind powered or water powered factories. Incorrect
D) In the early period of industrialization, many goods sold in towns and cities could not be mass-produced in factories. Could be true but is out of context for our discussion. Incorrect.
E) In Britain, the number of sites where a wind or water-powered factory could be built was insufficient to provide for all of the demand for factory-produced goods at the time. There isn't enough power available to meet the demand & hence steam factories were built in large numbers despite their high cost. Correct.
_________________

New to GMAT Club - https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-to-gmat-club-need-help-271131.html#p2098335

GMAT Club Bot
Re: During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jun 2018, 09:09
Display posts from previous: Sort by

During the earliest period of industrialization in Britain, steam engi

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.