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Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, & Company Z

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Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, & Company Z  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2013, 08:08
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A
B
C
D
E

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  5% (low)

Question Stats:

86% (00:39) correct 14% (00:48) wrong based on 148 sessions

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Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — were well-equipped for the business, which required technical expertise and large amounts of capital.

A)Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — were
B)Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — was
C)Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — each of them being competitors — were
D)Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — each of them being a competitor — was
E)The competitors — Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — was each

Quote:
OE after Discussion

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Re: Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, & Company Z  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2013, 08:43
Gnpth wrote:
Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — were well-equipped for the business, which required technical expertise and large amounts of capital.

A)Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — were
B)Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — was
C)Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — each of them being competitors — were
D)Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — each of them being a competitor — was
E)The competitors — Company X, Company Y, and Company Z — was each

Quote:
OE after Discussion


Each is always singular..

OA is B.

A, D & E - SV error
C - shift in meaning
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Re: Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, & Company Z  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2013, 10:53
Official Explanation :

The error basically has the singular vs plural issue. If the subject is singular, then the verb must be singular. If the subject is plural, then the verb must be plural.

POE:

A) each------were- Subject is singular and verb is plural- Eliminate

B)Each----- was- Correct- So hold.

C)"Company X, Company Y, and Company Z . . . were"- Correct usage but "Each of them being competitors." - Awkward- Eliminate.

D)"Company X, Company Y, and Company Z . . . was"- Incorrect.

E) Changes the subject and verb- Competitors . . . was each-Also this is not a complete sentence- Eliminate.

So the answer is B.
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Re: Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, & Company Z  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2019, 07:10
The issue here is subject-verb agreement - specifically the issue of singular versus plural. If the subject is singular, then the verb must be singular. If the subject is plural, then the verb must be plural. In the original sentence, the subject and verb are "Each ... were." Remember that each is singular; don't be distracted by the plural nouns in intervening phrases - they are not the subject. This pairing of "Each" with "were" violates subject-verb agreement, so eliminate (A).

Note that you can vertically scan the first few words and last word of each answer choice and quickly do some further elimination.

(B) fixes the problem by simply changing the verb to "was." Now there is a singular subject and a singular verb. Suspect you've found the correct answer, but check the others to be sure.

(C) fixes the agreement problem by using "Company X, Company Y, and Company Z ... were," but this choice adds the awkward phrase "each of them being competitors." Remember that -ing constructions are often wrong on GMAT Sentence Correction questions.

(D) fails to fix the problem, using aplural subject and singular verb: "Company X, Company Y, and Company Z ... was."

(E) incorrectly changes the subject and verb to "competitors ... was each.

(B) is the only choice that fixes the problem without introducing new problems. Therefore, (B) is correct.
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Re: Each of the competitors — Company X, Company Y, & Company Z   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2019, 07:10
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