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Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac

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Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2007, 09:18
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 221
Page: 688

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the Journal of Medicine.

(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for

(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for

(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid

(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to

(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding

https://www.nytimes.com/1985/05/09/us/heart-risk-termed-lower-with-fish-in-diet.html

Eating fish once a week may significantly reduce the risk of heart attack and may even be beneficial to those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, researchers said Wednesday.

aid for, aid to, aiding <-- what's correct here?
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2013, 10:51
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Hi bagdmba,

This is in response to the question you asked in the thread: various-functions-of-verb-ing-words-158049.html#p1258698

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

The phrase “aid for” is a noun phrase which means “help for”. For example:
UN’s aid for Somalia children reaches them on time.

But in this sentence "aid" must be parallel to “reduce” and hence, must be a verb to become grammatically parallel to “reduce”. When “aid” is used as verb, we cannot use preposition after it.

o UN aids Somalia children by providing them with food and medicines.

Now, the manner in which “aid” is used in this sentence makes it illogically parallel to the risk of heart attacks: - i.e. eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce two things

o The risk of heart attack
o Aid for sufferers of arthritis – illogical implying that actual “aid” for arthritis patients may be reduced.

Thus, it is very important to use words in their correct form, otherwise meaning can be thoroughly distorted. In this sentence, we were able to infer the intended logical meaning. Based on this understanding, we should select the answer that communicates the logical meaning.


PoE:

(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for: Incorrect. As in choice A, this choice also communicates illogical meaning. In this choice is means in reducing “the risk…” and (in reducing) “aid for…”.

(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid: Correct answer.

(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to: Incorrect.
1. As in choice A, this choice also communicated illogical meaning. There are two possible lists here. But each is illogical.

a. List 1- eating saltwater fish cause a significant reduction in
i. the risk of heart attack and
ii. aid to sufferers

b. List 2- eating saltwater fish cause
i. a significant reduction in the risk of heart attack and
ii. aid to sufferers

2. Cause aid to sufferers is awkward and wordy. We say – provide aid to sufferers, not cause aid to sufferers.

(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding: Incorrect. “aiding” is verb-ing of “aid” which not parallel to “reduce”.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2007, 23:08
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It has to be C
You cannot "aid for sufferers", so A & B are out bc 'aid' is an active verb in this case.
You cannot "aid to sufferers" so bye-bye D.
And E has agreement issues btw "reduce" and "as well as aiding"
C it is by POE and by the fact that reduce and aid both act as active verbs in their respective clauses.
BTW, because may is part of the actual sentence, it should be "may significantly reduce" and not "may significantly reduces", to answer trahul4's question.
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New post 20 Mar 2012, 21:21
I have chosen C for this question:

A. "Aid for" is not correct here - it seems to be acting as a noun that is parallel to risk. This makes no sense.

B. Same as A. If "aid" was used as a verb, it wouldn't be parallel to "reducing," so this answer choice is incorrect in either case.

C. This is the correct answer. The verb "aid" is parallel to reduce and the meaning of the sentence is clear.

D. Again, "aid to" seems to act as a noun that is parallel to risk, but this meaning doesn't make any sense. Also, "cause a significant reduction in the risk..." seems wordy - this could definitely be more concise.

E. We have a parallelism error here - reduce and aiding are not parallel.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2013, 23:53
"Eating saltwater fish may significantly..."

How can we know if fish used in the above sentence is singular or plural?
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2013, 00:16
HarishLearner wrote:
"Eating saltwater fish may significantly..."

How can we know if fish used in the above sentence is singular or plural?


Hi HarishLearner

"Fish" is both singular and plural. We do not say "fishes". (may be we can see "fishes" in old bible, but it's rare.)
Example: I have 3 fish. (not 3 fishes).
Other example: deer, beer, etc.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2016, 15:10
egmat wrote:
Hi bagdmba,

This is in response to the question you asked in the thread: various-functions-of-verb-ing-words-158049.html#p1258698

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

The phrase “aid for” is a noun phrase which means “help for”. For example:
UN’s aid for Somalia children reaches them on time.

But in this sentence "aid" must be parallel to “reduce” and hence, must be a verb to become grammatically parallel to “reduce”. When “aid” is used as verb, we cannot use preposition after it.

o UN aids Somalia children by providing them with food and medicines.

Now, the manner in which “aid” is used in this sentence makes it illogically parallel to the risk of heart attacks: - i.e. eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce two things

o The risk of heart attack
o Aid for sufferers of arthritis – illogical implying that actual “aid” for arthritis patients may be reduced.

Thus, it is very important to use words in their correct form, otherwise meaning can be thoroughly distorted. In this sentence, we were able to infer the intended logical meaning. Based on this understanding, we should select the answer that communicates the logical meaning.


PoE:

(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for: Incorrect. As in choice A, this choice also communicates illogical meaning. In this choice is means in reducing “the risk…” and (in reducing) “aid for…”.

(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid: Correct answer.

(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to: Incorrect.
1. As in choice A, this choice also communicated illogical meaning. There are two possible lists here. But each is illogical.

a. List 1- eating saltwater fish cause a significant reduction in
i. the risk of heart attack and
ii. aid to sufferers

b. List 2- eating saltwater fish cause
i. a significant reduction in the risk of heart attack and
ii. aid to sufferers

2. Cause aid to sufferers is awkward and wordy. We say – provide aid to sufferers, not cause aid to sufferers.

(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding: Incorrect. “aiding” is verb-ing of “aid” which not parallel to “reduce”.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi,

Had a q regarding this question. Eating saltwater fish --> This phrase is singular.. The verb following this should be singular too.. How come reduce is a plural verb here.. Also, how does the presence of the word "May" make the verb plural?

Can someone please explain this?

Thanks!!
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2018, 08:37
GMATNinja sayantanc2k VeritasPrepKarishma

I think fundamentally verb 'aid' is not followed by any preposition.
Is my understanding correct?
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2018, 15:54
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Yes, the basic sentence core is "Eating fish may reduce the risk and aid sufferers." The subject is singular (eating fish is one activity), so if we didn't have "may," we'd say "Eating fish reduces the risk and aids sufferers." However, with "may" (as with any modal verb, such as will or should), we use the bare infinitive--the "to" form without the word "to."

Notice that in the examples below, the verb changes whether we she (singular) or they (plural), but not if we precede it with a modal verb.

She eats lots of vegetables.
They eat lots of vegetables.
She should eat lots of vegetables.
They should eat lots of vegetables.

She is the greatest singer in North America.
They are the greatest singers in North America.
She may be the greatest singer in North America.
They may be the greatest singers in North America.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2018, 15:58
The verb "aid" is not usually followed by a prepositional modifier, although I wouldn't rule out "aid in" in some cases: "Local firefighters will aid in the search for the missing child."

Of course, when "aid" is used as a noun, it is often followed by a prepositional modifier, as in "provide aid to the needy."
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2018, 00:32
(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for

(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for

(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid

(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to

(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2019, 05:40
(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for

(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for

(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid

(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to

(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding


Only C is parallel structure with reduce || to aid (use of modal verb may/will/should mandate the use of plural verb). So, ans is C.
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Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attac   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2019, 05:40
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