GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Oct 2018, 04:53

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Editorialist: Some people argue that we have an obligation

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 12 Feb 2014
Posts: 82
Location: India
Schools: LBS MIF '19
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.3
Editorialist: Some people argue that we have an obligation  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jan 2017, 12:04
13
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

39% (01:31) correct 61% (01:37) wrong based on 271 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Editorialist: Some people argue that we have an obligation not to cut down trees. However, there can be no obligation to an entity unless that entity has a corresponding right. So if we have an obligation toward trees, then trees have rights. But trees are not the sort of things that can have rights. Therefore, we have no obligation not to cut down trees.

The editorialist's argument depends on assuming which one of the following?

(A) If an entity has a right to certain treatment, we have an obligation to treat it that way.
(B) Any entity that has rights also has obligations.
(C) Only conscious entities are the sort of things that can have rights.
(D) Avoiding cutting down trees is not an obligation owed to some entity other than trees.
(E) One does not always have the right to cut down the trees on one's own property.
Director
Director
User avatar
S
Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 523
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Re: Editorialist: Some people argue that we have an obligation  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jan 2017, 22:44
2
Top Contributor
Let us simplify the question given -

Some people -
We do have an obligation to not cut down trees.

Editorialist -
Obligation to an entity --> entity has corresponding right. (Note that whatever follows "unless" is the necessary condition)

Therefore,
obligations to trees --> trees have rights.

But,
trees do not have rights --> so, no obligation not to CUT DOWN trees. - this is the conclusion of the editor.

Note, however, that from the reasoning above we can only draw this conclusion -

trees do not have rights --> so, no obligation to trees - Not the same thing.

the assumption should link these -
no obligation to trees ---> no obligation not to CUT DOWN trees.

A - Incorrect.
this says that -
right --> obligation. this reverses the condition that the argument mentions -
Obligation to an entity --> entity has corresponding right.

B - Incorrect.
this says that -
right --> obligation. this reverses the condition that the argument mentions -
Obligation to an entity --> entity has corresponding right.

C - Incorrect.
this has nothing to do with linking the premise to the conclusion. Whether they are "conscious" or not has no bearing on the argument because we already know that trees do not have rights.

D - Correct answer.
Negate this answer option. So, if we did owe an obligation to some other entity to not cut trees, the conclusion that we do not have an obligation to not cut down trees falls apart. (Note that we still don't owe any obligation to trees).

E - Incorrect.
negate this.
"one always has the right to cut down trees on one's property" - does not lead to the opposing argument that we have an "obligation to not cut down trees".
_________________

For more info on GMAT and MBA, follow us on @AskCrackVerbal

Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3031
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Editorialist: Some people argue that we have an obligation  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jan 2017, 06:05
The explanation given by CrackVerbalGMAT seems sufficient. If you have any specific queries, please click the "request expert reply" button again and post your query - closing this request.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Apr 2018
Posts: 1
Re: Editorialist: Some people argue that we have an obligation  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Sep 2018, 04:51
Please explain the argument again.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Editorialist: Some people argue that we have an obligation &nbs [#permalink] 26 Sep 2018, 04:51
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Editorialist: Some people argue that we have an obligation

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.