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Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North

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Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2017, 07:50
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Question Stats:

64% (01:29) correct 36% (01:37) wrong based on 290 sessions

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Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North American market, American brands are barely visible in Europe, a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become a growing source of political friction.

A. Europe, a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become
B. Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and becomes
C. Europe, long frustrating American executives and trade negotiators and is becoming
D. Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives, trade negotiators, and is becoming
E. Europe, which is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become

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Re: Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2017, 20:13
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nguyendinhtuong wrote:
Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North American market, American brands are barely visible in Europe, a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become a growing source of political friction.

A. Europe, a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become
B. Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and becomes
C. Europe, long frustrating American executives and trade negotiators and is becoming
D. Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives, trade negotiators, and is becoming
E. Europe, which is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become


Is the answer A
A. Correct Europe, a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become
Here noun+ noun modifier correctly modifying the situation described in the previous clause.
B. Incorrect Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and becomes
C. Incorrect Europe, long frustrating American executives and trade negotiators and is becoming
D. Incorrect Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives, trade negotiators, and is becoming
E. Incorrect Europe, which is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become
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Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2017, 20:29
nguyendinhtuong wrote:
Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North American market, American brands are barely visible in Europe, a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become a growing source of political friction.

A. Europe, a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become
B. Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and becomes
C. Europe, long frustrating American executives and trade negotiators and is becoming
D. Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives, trade negotiators, and is becoming
E. Europe, which is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become


Analyzing the question stem we see that -

"a situation" refers to the previous clause - "American brands are barely visible". "that" refers to singular noun "a situation" hence is singular so requires "has".
then we have a parallel list connected by "and" - "has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators" "and" "has become a growing source of political friction." Present tense verb form is maintained throughout ("has")
Hence all grammatical aspects are correct.

Option A
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Re: Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2017, 03:39
Hi
Can anyone please elaborate why option C is incorrect .
It modifies the previous clause correctly
Please suggest where i went wrong
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Re: Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2017, 22:23
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arvind910619 wrote:
Hi
Can anyone please elaborate why option C is incorrect .
It modifies the previous clause correctly
Please suggest where i went wrong


The option C has modifier error. " long frustrating..." cannot modify the previous clause. If you read the sentence carefully you will notice that option C ("American brands are barely visible in Europe", " long frustrating....") implies that barely visible American brand is frustrating executives. this is not possible. What is frustrating the executives? - "a situation" and that situation is - brands are barely visible in Europe.
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Re: Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2018, 01:40
I hope you can see that the first difference between answer choices is how the portion after "Europe" is constructed.

In A, C, and E it is treated as a modifier, and in B and D it is separated by a semicolon and therefore begins its own clause.
Quote:
E. Europe, which is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become

Let's begin with the lowest-hanging-fruit of all modifiers, the "which" relative modifier in choice E. When "which" (or "when" or "where") is used, the modifier must modify the immediately adjacent noun. But "Europe" is not logically "a situation that has long frustrated American executives" so choice E is therefore incorrect.
Quote:
C. Europe, long frustrating American executives and trade negotiators and is becoming

Choice C is problematic in that the two -ing verbs perform different functions: "frustrating" could properly serve the purpose of a participial modifier at the end of the sentence, but the "is" before "becoming" means that "becoming" is used as a verb and not as a participle/description. This then rules out choice C.
Quote:
A. Europe, a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and has become

While on the topic of modifiers, be sure that you recognize why "a situation that has long frustrated..." is a properly-used appositive modifier here.
When a noun phrase (such as "a situation") is used in the beginning or in the middle of a sentence as a modifier, it must modify the immediately-adjacent noun. But at the end of a sentence, as "a situation" appears here, that appositive phrase has the leeway to modify the entire preceding clause. Here that modifier is correct.
Quote:
B. Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives and trade negotiators and becomes
D. Europe; this is a situation that has long frustrated American furniture executives, trade negotiators, and is becoming

Choices B and D each separate "the situation" with a semicolon, and that is perfectly allowable in this case. But each commits an error in a different place: in B, the error is the verb "becomes," as in "this is a situation that becomes..."
Because the verb tense of the situation is already set as ongoing ("has long frustrated") and because the idea that this one situation "becomes" (seemingly over and over again, when really it's just one action) is illogical, B is incorrect.
With choice D, the lack of the word "and" between "executives" and "trade" sets up a three-part list, which then fails when the third item is not a noun, but rather a verb "is becoming." Answer choice

A is therefore correct.
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Re: Even as Scandinavian furniture has taken a wide portion of the North   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2018, 01:40
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