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# Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2018, 08:37
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (01:30) correct 59% (01:27) wrong based on 362 sessions

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Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(A) Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(B) Except for needing to take one class in history and one in biology, the student has fulfilled all of his requirements for graduation.

(C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology.

(D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.

(E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled.

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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2018, 00:18
Looks like B. A,D and E have modifier errors. C implies that class is a graduation requirement and hence C is also out. what is the OA

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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2018, 01:02
Bunuel wrote:
Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(A) Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(B) Except for needing to take one class in history and one in biology, the student has fulfilled all of his requirements for graduation.

(C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology.

(D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.

(E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

One of the reasons this question is difficult is because except for and aside from do not create modifiers; the phrases they begin don't describe an unnamed subject or object. Once you realize that, you can see that what really differentiates the answer choices is expression, not grammar. Scanning for differences, you can see that have been fulfilled is a passive and wordier alternative to has fulfilled. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, graduation requirements is superior to requirements for graduation so eliminate (B). Finally, the meaning of (C) is less clear than that of (D) because of the confusing word order of (C). Therefore, (D) wins.

An 800 test taker knows that many sentences are challenging primarily because they contain unfamiliar syntax or sentence structure. He pauses to understand the sentence before looking for familiar errors.
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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 23:49
Can someone explain why C is wrong ?
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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 02:12
1
The original sentence says that the student's requirements have been fulfilled, which means differently than "student has fulfilled"

Can someone please explain.
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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 03:47
1
Bunuel wrote:
Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(A) Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(B) Except for needing to take one class in history and one in biology, the student has fulfilled all of his requirements for graduation.

(C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology.

(D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.

(E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled.

A, B, C are incorrectly comparing a class in history with something in biology

(D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.
This one is error free, history class is parallel to biology class, the student is the correct referent

(E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled.
Who is he referring back to ??, it should had been a student not his graduation -> Incorrect
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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 03:49
siddharthfrancis wrote:
Can someone explain why C is wrong ?

I would like to pitch in

C is incorrectly comparing one class in history with something in biology, it should correctly compare a class, correctly done in D.
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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 03:59
raghavrf wrote:
The original sentence says that the student's requirements have been fulfilled, which means differently than "student has fulfilled"

Can someone please explain.

I believe you are absolutely correct in your reasoning.

Student's graduation requirements would refer to a single student and his graduation requirements

Since there is a plural verb "have", it gives you a singular-plural verb mismatch, apart from this there were other errors as well.

Let me know if this helps you.
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If you notice any discrepancy in my reasoning, please let me know. Lets improve together.

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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 05:18
Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(A) Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

Here "Except for one class in history and one in biology" is modifying students' graduation requirements. This cannot be correct. It should modify a student here. So this choice can be ELIMINATED.

(B) Except for needing to take one class in history and one in biology, the student has fulfilled all of his requirements for graduation.

Present tense is not needed here. So this choice can be ELIMINATED.

(C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology.

All his graduation requirements and all of his graduation requirements have a slight difference. Though this sentence conveys the intended meaning "all of his graduation requirements" mentions that there are a certain set of graduation requirements, of which all are fulfilled except two. So comparing this choice with option D, there is a better way to convey meaning in option D than option C. So this choice can be ELIMINATED.

(D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.

This choice perfectly mentions, "the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements". Conveys the intended meaning. This is the correct choice.

(E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled.

This choice has the same error as in option A. The modifier modifies student's graduation requirements. So this choice can be ELIMINATED.

OPTION: D
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Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 17:37
1
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(A) Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(B) Except for needing to take one class in history and one in biology, the student has fulfilled all of his requirements for graduation.

(C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology.

(D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.

(E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

One of the reasons this question is difficult is because except for and aside from do not create modifiers; the phrases they begin don't describe an unnamed subject or object. Once you realize that, you can see that what really differentiates the answer choices is expression, not grammar. Scanning for differences, you can see that have been fulfilled is a passive and wordier alternative to has fulfilled. Eliminate (A) and (E). Next, graduation requirements is superior to requirements for graduation so eliminate (B). Finally, the meaning of (C) is less clear than that of (D) because of the confusing word order of (C). Therefore, (D) wins.

An 800 test taker knows that many sentences are challenging primarily because they contain unfamiliar syntax or sentence structure. He pauses to understand the sentence before looking for familiar errors.

I don't completely agree with the OE. Can someone help.
I chose B since the graduation requirement is not the classes but the requirement is to take classes. No other option have this missing verb(take/need/finish/complete).

In other words isn't it appropriate to say:
If you want to graduate, you need to take classes in biology/history. OR
If you want to graduate, you need to finish/complete your classes in biology/history.

Eliminating option B because of its length will be the last thing to be done after any other option is equal to it in all other aspects.
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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2019, 07:16
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Re: Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the   [#permalink] 15 Apr 2019, 07:16
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# Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's

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