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# Fears, initially widespread in the general public

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Intern
Joined: 06 Oct 2012
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Updated on: 27 Aug 2014, 03:08
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

76% (02:04) correct 24% (02:17) wrong based on 169 sessions

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Hi, I was solving few CR questions and bumped into this one. Could you please help me solve this ?

Fears, initially widespread in the general public, that genetic engineering of new biological products would produce an ecological disaster - some uncontrollable new organism - have proved unfounded. In the few years since such work began, substances of great medical value have been produced, and no disaster has resulted.

Which of the following, if true, constitutes the strongest objection to the argument above?

(A) The time since the inception of such work has been too short to allow for all relevant types of negligence or mistakes to occur.
(B) Work on genetically engineered products has taken place under safety guidelines established by a committee of eminent biologists.
(C) A campaign to publicize the possible dangers of such research has stirred great concern among the citizenry.
(D) Several cities in which research organizations are located have passed ordinances forbidding the production within their boundaries of genetically engineered organisms.
(E) When mutations have taken place spontaneously in naturally occurring disease-causing bacteria, new medical strategies have eventually been devised to counter the mutant organisms.

I chose an incorrect option.

Originally posted by apurvagupta on 27 Aug 2014, 02:40.
Last edited by Gnpth on 27 Aug 2014, 03:08, edited 2 times in total.
Moved the topic to correct forum
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27 Aug 2014, 03:13
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Before diving into the Answers, please read the rules before posting any questions. Post the questions to the forum it is related it to. Not in other forums.

(A) The time since the inception of such work has been too short to allow for all relevant types of negligence or mistakes to occur- Correctly weakens the argument. If time is too short to make mistakes then definitely it occur in future. So hold.

(B) Work on genetically engineered products has taken place under safety guidelines established by a committee of eminent biologists- Strengthens the argument, if safety guidelines are followed, then no disaster may occur. So Eliminate.

(C) A campaign to publicize the possible dangers of such research has stirred great concern among the citizenry- We don't really care about the campaign- Irrelevant- Eliminate

(D) Several cities in which research organizations are located have passed ordinances forbidding the production within their boundaries of genetically engineered organisms. Same as C. We don't care about the ordinance. Irrelevant- Eliminate.

(E) When mutations have taken place spontaneously in naturally occurring disease-causing bacteria, new medical strategies have eventually been devised to counter the mutant organisms- Out of scope. We are not concerned about naturally occurring mutations- Eliminate.

So the answer is A. Hope it helps.
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28 Aug 2014, 19:51
Gnpth wrote:
Before diving into the Answers, please read the rules before posting any questions. Post the questions to the forum it is related it to. Not in other forums.

(A) The time since the inception of such work has been too short to allow for all relevant types of negligence or mistakes to occur- Correctly weakens the argument. If time is too short to make mistakes then definitely it occur in future. So hold.

(B) Work on genetically engineered products has taken place under safety guidelines established by a committee of eminent biologists- Strengthens the argument, if safety guidelines are followed, then no disaster may occur. So Eliminate.

(C) A campaign to publicize the possible dangers of such research has stirred great concern among the citizenry- We don't really care about the campaign- Irrelevant- Eliminate

(D) Several cities in which research organizations are located have passed ordinances forbidding the production within their boundaries of genetically engineered organisms. Same as C. We don't care about the ordinance. Irrelevant- Eliminate.

(E) When mutations have taken place spontaneously in naturally occurring disease-causing bacteria, new medical strategies have eventually been devised to counter the mutant organisms- Out of scope. We are not concerned about naturally occurring mutations- Eliminate.

So the answer is A. Hope it helps.

Thanks Gnpth. I will check on the rules.

I chose D, thinking that if several organisations are banning the production then it must have been due to bad effects of it. But, I understand why Option A is correct.
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08 Feb 2019, 01:15
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Fears, initially widespread in the general public   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2019, 01:15
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