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I am sure its not a GMAT question, even after using techniques it takes more than 2-3 min.. Here we go: (201*202*203*204*246*247*248*249)^2

we can make pairs within the numbers inside the brackets such as (200+1)(200+49) which gives us last 2 digits = 49 (200+2)(200+48) which gives us last 2 digits = 96 (200+3)(200+47) which gives us last 2 digits = 141 (200+4)(200+46) which gives us last 2 digits = 184

No again the last two dogits can be paired as 49*141 = (100-41)(100+41) or (100^2 - 41^2) which gives us last 2 digits = 19 and 96*184 = (140-44)(140+44) or (100^2 - 44^2) which gives us last 2 digits = 64

Now, 19*64 gives us last 2 digits of 16 and square of 16 will be 56. Phewwww!!

Pls tell me I am right, else i am not attempting the first one!!

I am sure its not a GMAT question, even after using techniques it takes more than 2-3 min.. Here we go: (201*202*203*204*246*247*248*249)^2

we can make pairs within the numbers inside the brackets such as (200+1)(200+49) which gives us last 2 digits = 49 (200+2)(200+48) which gives us last 2 digits = 96 (200+3)(200+47) which gives us last 2 digits = 141 (200+4)(200+46) which gives us last 2 digits = 184

No again the last two dogits can be paired as 49*141 = (100-41)(100+41) or (100^2 - 41^2) which gives us last 2 digits = 19 and 96*184 = (140-44)(140+44) or (100^2 - 44^2) which gives us last 2 digits = 64

Now, 19*64 gives us last 2 digits of 16 and square of 16 will be 56. Phewwww!!

Pls tell me I am right, else i am not attempting the first one!!

49=100-51 but not 41. Or it doesn't matter?

Could you also explain how to calculate that (100^2 - 44^2) has 64 as last two digits?
_________________

I am sure its not a GMAT question, even after using techniques it takes more than 2-3 min.. Here we go: (201*202*203*204*246*247*248*249)^2

we can make pairs within the numbers inside the brackets such as (200+1)(200+49) which gives us last 2 digits = 49 (200+2)(200+48) which gives us last 2 digits = 96 (200+3)(200+47) which gives us last 2 digits = 141 (200+4)(200+46) which gives us last 2 digits = 184

No again the last two dogits can be paired as 49*141 = (100-41)(100+41) or (100^2 - 41^2) which gives us last 2 digits = 19 and 96*184 = (140-44)(140+44) or (100^2 - 44^2) which gives us last 2 digits = 64

Now, 19*64 gives us last 2 digits of 16 and square of 16 will be 56. Phewwww!!

Pls tell me I am right, else i am not attempting the first one!!

49=100-51 but not 41. Or it doesn't matter?

Could you also explain how to calculate that (100^2 - 44^2) has 64 as last two digits?

concept to be used for such sums is REMAINDER THEOREM

to get last 2 digits divide by 100

(65*29*37*63*71*87*62)/100=

13*29*37*63*71*87*62)/20= ....dividing by 5 both numerator n deno

Remainder Thm---> -7*9*-3*3*11*7*2/20 ( ie 13/20 gives us remainder -7 or 13;29/20 gives us rem 9....... = -63*-99*14/20 = 63*99*14/20 Remainder Thm--->3*-1*-6/20 = 18/20 that gives us remainder 18.....but 1st step we had divided by 5 therfore multiply by 5 now ie remainder = 18*5=90

Find the last 2 digits Q1. 65*29*37*63*71*87*62 1. 70 2. 30 3. 10 4. 90

Hi, there is a very quick way to solve these questions:

Since we want to find the last two digits, we have to find the remainder when divided by 100. (in decimal format)

Therefore,

\(R of (65*29*37*63*71*87*62)/100 = R of (13*29*37*63*71*87*31)/10\) Note: Divided 65 by 5 and 62 by 2.

Now, \(R of (13*29*37*63*71*87*31)/10 = R of [3*(-1)*(-3)*3*1*(-3)*1]/10 = R of -81/10 = -1\)

Since remainder is coming negative, we have to add it to 10.

Thus remainder is in fact 9. In decimal format, it is expressed as 0.9 or (9/10)

Thus the remainder when 65*29*37*63*71*87*62 is divided by 100 in decimal format is 0.9.

The last two digits will therefore be 0.9*100 = 90.

Thus answer is (4).
_________________

Click below to check out some great tips and tricks to help you deal with problems on Remainders! http://gmatclub.com/forum/compilation-of-tips-and-tricks-to-deal-with-remainders-86714.html#p651942

Word Problems Made Easy! 1) Translating the English to Math : http://gmatclub.com/forum/word-problems-made-easy-87346.html 2) 'Work' Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/work-word-problems-made-easy-87357.html 3) 'Distance/Speed/Time' Word Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/distance-speed-time-word-problems-made-easy-87481.html

\(R of (201*202*203*204*246*247*248*249)*(201*202*203*204*246*247*248*249)/100\)

\(= R of (201*101*203*204*246*247*248*249)*(201*202*203*204*246*247*248*249)/50\)

Note: I have left denominator as 50 since it will be easier in calculations.

\(= R of [(1*1*3*4*(-4)*(-3)*(-2)*(-1)]*[(1*2*3*4*(-4)*(-3)*(-2)*(-1)]/50\)

\(= R of (12*24*24*24)/50 = R of (6*24*24*24)/25 = R of [6*(-1)*(-1)*(-1)]/25 = -6\)

Since remainder is coming negative, we add 25 to it.

Thus Remainder is 19. In decimal format, it is 19/25 or 0.76

Thus last two digits will be 0.76*100 = 76

[Note: Rather than calculating the decimal value first, it will be faster to combine the last two steps as follows: (19/25)*100 = 19*4 = 76. This is how I did it and it saved me valuable seconds!]

Answer should be (3).
_________________

Click below to check out some great tips and tricks to help you deal with problems on Remainders! http://gmatclub.com/forum/compilation-of-tips-and-tricks-to-deal-with-remainders-86714.html#p651942

Word Problems Made Easy! 1) Translating the English to Math : http://gmatclub.com/forum/word-problems-made-easy-87346.html 2) 'Work' Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/work-word-problems-made-easy-87357.html 3) 'Distance/Speed/Time' Word Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/distance-speed-time-word-problems-made-easy-87481.html

Last edited by sriharimurthy on 15 Nov 2009, 14:07, edited 1 time in total.

In case you are not able to follow my steps completely, view my post on tips and tricks to deal with remainders.

Take your time with them and make sure you understand all the points properly (especially points 5 and 6). Then try to follow the steps I've done.

Once you understand those concepts thoroughly you should be able to solve these questions really fast.

In fact, it took me less than 2 minutes to solve each of the above problems.

All the best!

Cheers.
_________________

Click below to check out some great tips and tricks to help you deal with problems on Remainders! http://gmatclub.com/forum/compilation-of-tips-and-tricks-to-deal-with-remainders-86714.html#p651942

Word Problems Made Easy! 1) Translating the English to Math : http://gmatclub.com/forum/word-problems-made-easy-87346.html 2) 'Work' Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/work-word-problems-made-easy-87357.html 3) 'Distance/Speed/Time' Word Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/distance-speed-time-word-problems-made-easy-87481.html

I have solved these questions here (Two similar topics are merged-Moderator). It took me less than 2 minutes to solve each of these questions. Kindly have a look at my method and try to understand it. It will really help you solve these problems really fast even if they come on the GMAT.

Cheers.
_________________

Click below to check out some great tips and tricks to help you deal with problems on Remainders! http://gmatclub.com/forum/compilation-of-tips-and-tricks-to-deal-with-remainders-86714.html#p651942

Word Problems Made Easy! 1) Translating the English to Math : http://gmatclub.com/forum/word-problems-made-easy-87346.html 2) 'Work' Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/work-word-problems-made-easy-87357.html 3) 'Distance/Speed/Time' Word Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/distance-speed-time-word-problems-made-easy-87481.html

I have solved these questions here (Two similar topics are merged-Moderator). It took me less than 2 minutes to solve each of these questions. Kindly have a look at my method and try to understand it. It will really help you solve these problems really fast even if they come on the GMAT.

Cheers.

Excellent! I was just posting the solutions for these two questions with similar remainder approach but no need for them now.

Excellent! I was just posting the solutions for these two questions with similar remainder approach but no need for them now.

+1 for each.

Thanks Bunuel... Makes it all the more special coming from you!
_________________

Click below to check out some great tips and tricks to help you deal with problems on Remainders! http://gmatclub.com/forum/compilation-of-tips-and-tricks-to-deal-with-remainders-86714.html#p651942

Word Problems Made Easy! 1) Translating the English to Math : http://gmatclub.com/forum/word-problems-made-easy-87346.html 2) 'Work' Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/work-word-problems-made-easy-87357.html 3) 'Distance/Speed/Time' Word Problems Made Easy : http://gmatclub.com/forum/distance-speed-time-word-problems-made-easy-87481.html

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