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# Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical

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Intern
Joined: 18 Jun 2012
Posts: 22
GMAT Date: 09-17-2012
Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 11 Oct 2018, 04:07
1
8
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

54% (01:10) correct 46% (01:16) wrong based on 546 sessions

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Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical investigators and insurance fraud agents concluded that many medical personnel work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in decision-making.

A) overtime that has the potential of causing
B) overtime that has the potential to cause
C) overtime that potentially can cause
D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

Originally posted by ananthpatri on 17 Aug 2012, 03:16.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Oct 2018, 04:07, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2930
Re: Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 09:21
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5
Hi All,

Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical investigators and insurance fraud agents concluded that many medical personnel work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in decision-making.

Let’s begin with the Meaning Analysis. The sentence says that Medical investors and insurance fraud agents followed the inordinate number of post-surgery complications and concluded that many medical personnel put in excessive amount overtime. Working overtime is not desirable because this action can possibly lead to errors in decision making.

Error Analysis:
Notice that relative pronoun “that” is referring to the preceding noun entity “an excessive amount of overtime”. This modification is incorrect because “an excessive amount of overtime” by itself cannot lead to errors in decision making. The action of working excessive amount of overtimes can lead to such errors. Hence, the relative pronoun modifier will not work in this sentence. We need a modifier that can modify the entire preceding clause.

POE:

A) overtime that has the potential of causing: Incorrect for the reason mentioned above.
B) overtime that has the potential to cause: Incorrect. Same modification error as in choice A.
C) overtime that potentially can cause: Incorrect. Same modification error as in choice A.
D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing: Incorrect. The phrase “potential to cause” is more idiomatic than the phrase “potential for causing”. Also, this choice is little wordy.
E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause: Correct. This choice has changes the relative pronoun modifier into “noun + noun modifier”. Here “a practice” is noun and “that can, potentially, cause” is a noun modifier. This entire structure modifies the preceding clause because “a practice” refers to medical personnel working excessive amount of overtime.

Noun + Noun Modifiers are extremely versatile modifiers that can refer to any entity in the preceding clause or the entire preceding clause itself. To know more about these modifiers, click on the following link:
modification-by-noun-noun-modifiers-137292.html#p1112971

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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##### General Discussion
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Nov 2011
Posts: 299
Re: Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2012, 16:32
2
2
With this question, we want the summative modifier 'a practice' to refer to the phenomenon in the preceding clause, 'work an excessive...overtime.' This phrase does not call for a 'that' - or even a 'which' - but requires a noun that sums up 'work an excessive...overtime.' Hence we call this word a summative modifier. We can eliminate (A), (B), and (C) and choose (E) over (D), because the former is more succinct.

Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical investigators and insurance fraud agents concluded that many medical personnel work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in decision-making.

A) overtime that has the potential of causing
B) overtime that has the potential to cause
C) overtime that potentially can cause
D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause
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Christopher Lele
Magoosh Test Prep

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59712
Re: Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 04:07
ananthpatri wrote:
Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical investigators and insurance fraud agents concluded that many medical personnel work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in decision-making.

A) overtime that has the potential of causing
B) overtime that has the potential to cause
C) overtime that potentially can cause
D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

MANHATTAN REVIEW OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

This sentence is quite difficult. What is it that causes errors in judgment? Is it working overtime? No. It is working an excessive amount of overtime. This is a practice. Eliminate A, B and C. The phrase in D ‘the potential for causing’ is idiomatically incorrect. Choice E is the correct answer.
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Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2017
Posts: 108
Re: Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2019, 09:09
I have a question.

Can , potentially,... is redundant??

Thank you
Re: Following the inordinate number of post-surgery complications, medical   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2019, 09:09
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