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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58434
For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   85% (hard)

Question Stats: 50% (02:14) correct 50% (01:58) wrong based on 122 sessions

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For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode equal the range?

(1) The median equals the range
(2) The largest number is twice the value of the smallest number

Source: Platinum GMAT
Kudos for a correct solution.

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Re: For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode equal the range?

(1) The median equals the range
(2) The largest number is twice the value of the smallest number

Source: Platinum GMAT
Kudos for a correct solution.

Mode : The Highest frequent term in a set
Range : The Highest term of the set - The Smallest terms of the set

Since the set has three terms and one of them is mode that means that either the term has repeated twice or thrice in the set of three terms

Question : Is Mode = Range ?

Statement 1: The Median is equal to the range

Since there are three terms in the set therefore The Middle term must be same as Mode of the data as the mode has occured minimum twice in the set hence will definitely be same as media

Therefore, Median = Mode = Range

SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: The largest number is twice the value of the smallest number

i.e. Range = Largest - Smallest = 2*Smallest - Smallest = Smallest No.

But, If largest is twice the smallest then the median or Mode may be the largest or the smallest

NOT SUFFICIENT

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Re: For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode equal the range?

(1) The median equals the range
(2) The largest number is twice the value of the smallest number

Source: Platinum GMAT
Kudos for a correct solution.

Statement 1:
By trying to plug in values, only 112 seems to satisfy the condition from Statement 1. This gives you also a final answer to the question. > Sufficient

Statement 2:
Alone this does not help you. The set could be 112 > Answer Yes. Or 244 Answer No. > Insuff.
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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58434
Re: For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode equal the range?

(1) The median equals the range
(2) The largest number is twice the value of the smallest number

Source: Platinum GMAT
Kudos for a correct solution.

Platinum GMAT Official Solution:

The mode is the number that appears the most times in the set, and the median is the middle number when the set is sorted from least to greatest. The range is the largest value in the set minus the smallest value.

Given that there is only one mode, at least two of the numbers must be equal. In particular, either all the numbers are equal, or two of the numbers are equal and the third is different.

Evaluate Statement (1) alone.

First, assume that all three of the numbers in the set are equal. Represent this set by {A, A, A}. The range is equal to A - A = 0, because the highest number and the lowest number in the set are the same.

By Statement (1), the range is equal to the median. Since the range is 0, the median is 0. Now the set can be represented by {A, 0, A}, since the median is the middle number. But all the numbers in the set are the same, so A = 0 and the set can be represented by {0, 0, 0}. The mode is 0 because this is the number that appears the most times.

Therefore, when all three numbers in the set are equal, the mode is equal to the range.

Now, assume that only two of the numbers in the set are equal. The set can be represented as {A, A, B}, where A is not the same as B. When sorted from least to greatest, the set become either {A, A, B} or {B, A, A}. The median of both of these sets is A. By Statement (1), the range is A because the range is equal to the median. The mode is also A, because it appears in the set more times than B.

Therefore, when only two numbers in the set are equal, the mode is equal to the range.

Whether three numbers in the set are equal, or only two, the mode is always equal to the range.

Statement (1) is SUFFICIENT.

Evaluate Statement (2) alone.

First, assume that all three of the numbers in the set are equal. Represent this set by {A, A, A}. Statement (2) says that A = 2A, because A is both the largest number and the smallest number in the set. The only way A = 2A is if A = 0.

When A = 0, the set becomes {0, 0, 0}. The range is 0 - 0 = 0, and the mode is 0. Thus, the mode equals the range when all three numbers are equal.

Now, assume that only two of the numbers in the set are equal. The set can be represented as {A, A, B}, where A is not the same as B. When sorted from least to greatest, the set become either {A, A, B} or {B, A, A}. Statement (2) says that A = 2B, or B = 2A, depending on whether A or B is larger.

Assuming A is the larger number, A = 2B. For example, A = 8 and B = 4. Then the sorted set becomes {4, 8, 8}. In this case, the range is 8 - 4 = 4. The mode is 8, because it appears the most times in the set. The mode is NOT equal to the range.

Now, assume B is the larger number, B = 2A. For example, A = 3 and B = 6. Then the sorted set becomes {3, 3, 6}. In this case, the range is 6 - 3 = 3. The mode is 3. The mode is equal to the range in this case.

Whether or not the mode is equal to the range depends on whether A or B is larger. Therefore the answer cannot be determined from Statement (2) alone.

Statement (2) is NOT SUFFICIENT.

Since Statement (1) alone is SUFFICIENT and Statement (2) alone is NOT SUFFICIENT, answer A is correct.
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Re: For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: For a set of 3 numbers, assuming there is only one mode, does the mode   [#permalink] 25 Oct 2018, 00:11
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