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For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England

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For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 13:40
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Quote:
Part of New RC Series- Please check this link for more questions


For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England as a slave in 1761, the formal literary code of eighteenth-century English was thrice removed: by the initial barrier of the unfamiliar English language, by the discrepancy between spoken and literary forms of English, and by the African tradition of oral rather than written verbal art. Wheatley transcended these barriers - she learned the English language and English literary forms so quickly and well that she was composing good poetry in English within a few years of her arrival in New England.

Wheatley's experience exemplifies the meeting of oral and written literary cultures. The aesthetic principles of the African oral tradition were preserved in America by folk artist in work songs, dancing, field hollers, religious music, the use of the drum, and, after the drum was forbidden, in the perpetuation of drum effects in song. African languages and the functions of language in African societies not only contributed to the emergence of a distinctive Black English but also exerted demonstrable effects on the manner in which other Americans spoke English. Given her African heritage and her facility with English and the conventions of English poetry, Wheatley's work had the potential to apply the ideas of a written literature to an oral literary tradition in the creation of an African American literary language.

But this was a potential that her poetry unfortunately did not exploit. The standards of eighteenth-century English poetry, which itself reflected little of the American language, led Wheatley to develop a notion of poetry as a closed system, derived from imitation of earlier written works. No place existed for the rough-and -ready Americanized English she heard in the streets, for the English spoken by Black people, or for Africanisms. The conventions of eighteenth-century neoclassical poetry ruled out casual talk; her voice and feelings had to be generalized according to rules of poetic diction and characterization; the particulars of her African past, if they were to be dealt with at all, had to be subordinated to the reigning conventions. African poetry did not count as poetry in her new situation, and African aesthetic canons were irrelevant to the new context because no linguistic or social framework existed to reinforce them. Wheatley adopted a foreign language and a foreign literary tradition; they were not extensions of her past experience, but replacements.

Thus limited by the eighteenth-century English literary code, Wheatley's poetry contributed little to the development of a distinctive African American literary language. Yet by the standards of the literary conventions in which she chose to work, Wheatley's poetry is undeniably accomplished, and she is justly celebrated as the first Black American poet.

1. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?

(A) Folk artists employed more principles of African oral tradition in their works than did Phillis Wheatley in her poetry.
(B) Although Phillis Wheatley had to overcome significant barriers in learning English, she mastered the literary conventions of eighteenth-century English as well as African aesthetic canons.
(C) Phillis Wheatley's poetry did not fulfill the potential inherent in her experience but did represent a significant accomplishment.
(D) The evolution of a distinctive African American literary language can be traced from the creations of African American folk artists to the poetry of Phillis Wheatley.
(E) Phillis Wheatley joined with African American folk artists in preserving the principles of the African oral tradition.


2. The approach to poetry taken by a modern-day Italian immigrant in America would be most analogous to Phillis Wheatley's approach, as it is described in the passage, if the immigrant
(A). Translated Italian literary forms into the American Idiom
(B). Combined Italian and American literary traditions into a new form of poetic expression
(C). contributed to the development of a distinctive Italian American literary style
(D). defined artistic expression in terms of eighteenth-century Italian Poetic conventions.
(E). adopted the language and forms of modern American poetry.


3. According to the passage, African languages had a notable influence on
(A) the religious music of colonists in New England
(B) the folk art of colonists in New England
(C) formal written English
(D) American speech patterns
(E) eighteenth-century aesthetic principles


4. By a "closed system" of poetry(lines 34-35), the author most probably means poetry that
(A) cannot be written by those who are not raised knowing its conventions.
(B) has little influence on the way language is actually spoken.
(C) substitutes its own conventions for the aesthetic principles of the past
(D) does not admit the use of street language and casual talk
(E) is ultimately rejected because its conventions leave little room for further development.


5. According to the passage, the standards of eighteenth-century English poetry permitted Wheatley to include which of the following in her poetry?
(A) generalized feelings
(B) Americanized English
(C) themes from folk art
(D) casual talk
(E) Black speech


6. Which one of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's argument concerning the role that Wheatley played in the evolution of an African American literary language?
(A) Wheatley's poetry was admired in England for its faithfulness to the conventions of neoclassical poetry.
(B) Wheatley compiled a history in English of her family's experiences in Africa and America.
(C) The language barriers that Wheatley overcame were eventually transcended by all who were brought from Africa as slaves.
(D) Several modern African American poets acknowledge the importance of Wheatley's poetry to American literature.
(E) Scholars trace themes and expressions in African American poetry back to the poetry of Wheatley.


7. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would most probably have praised Phillis Wheatley's poetry more if it had
(A) affected the manner in which slaves and freed Black people spoke English.
(B) defined African American artistic expression in terms of earlier works.
(C) adopted the standards of eighteenth-century English poetry.
(D) combined elements of the English literary tradition with those of the African oral tradition.
(E) focused on the barriers that written English literary forms presented to Black artists.


8. Which one of the following most accurately characterizes the author's attitude with respect to Phillis Wheatley's literary accomplishments?
(A) enthusiastic advocacy
(B) qualified admiration
(C) dispassionate impartiality
(D) detached ambivalence
(E) perfunctory dismissal



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Re: For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2017, 11:12
Any smaller and smarter way to work on the tone question such as the question 8?
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Re: For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2017, 18:18
15m and 1 wrong.
Can anyone please explain Q4?
And is there any way to locate the information needed for the question in a faster way :(
it took me like minutes just to locate info for the question
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Re: For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2018, 02:05
Q2,Q4,Q8
Can you please give me solution to these Question
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Re: For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 22:25
lichting wrote:
15m and 1 wrong.
Can anyone please explain Q4?
And is there any way to locate the information needed for the question in a faster way :(
it took me like minutes just to locate info for the question


Q4-D - There is no place existed for street language. Also, the neoclassical poetry ruled out the casual talk. As stated in lines "No place existed for the rough-and -ready Americanized English she heard in the streets, for the English spoken by Black people, or for Africanisms. The conventions of eighteenth-century neoclassical poetry ruled out casual talk"; The further lines explain the conventions of the neoclassical poetry.
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Re: For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2018, 22:56
Would please anyone give me the explanations for Q-2 ( POE of b & c ) , Q-3 ( POE of a & b ) , Q-4 ( POE of b ) , Q-6 ( POE of c & b ) ?
Thanks in advance.
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Re: For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2018, 00:08
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14 min / 2 wrong

1. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage? (got that one wrong)
(A) Folk artists employed more principles of African oral tradition in their works than did Phillis Wheatley in her poetry. this suggest that the main idea would be that folk artists employment more principles of African oral tradition in their works than did Phillis Wheatley in her poetry, but the passage does not provide such a comparison
(B) Although Phillis Wheatley had to overcome significant barriers in learning English, she mastered the literary conventions of eighteenth-century English as well as African aesthetic canons. if anything, she didn't apply them, and the mastery of the canons as such is not described
(C) Phillis Wheatley's poetry did not fulfill the potential inherent in her experience but did represent a significant accomplishment. correct
(D) The evolution of a distinctive African American literary language can be traced from the creations of African American folk artists to the poetry of Phillis Wheatley. dirrect contradiction, because she failed to exploit the opportunity to do so, according to the author
(E) Phillis Wheatley joined with African American folk artists in preserving the principles of the African oral tradition. she chose to replace her language traditions with the standards of neoclassic poetry

2. The approach to poetry taken by a modern-day Italian immigrant in America would be most analogous to Phillis Wheatley's approach, as it is described in the passage, if the immigrant Relevant text: "Wheatley adopted a foreign language and a foreign literary tradition; they were not extensions of her past experience, but replacements."
(A). Translated Italian literary forms into the American Idiom
(B). Combined Italian and American literary traditions into a new form of poetic expression
(C). contributed to the development of a distinctive Italian American literary style
(D). defined artistic expression in terms of eighteenth-century Italian Poetic conventions.
(E). adopted the language and forms of modern American poetry. matches the concept - correct

3. According to the passage, African languages had a notable influence on Relevant text: "African languages and the functions of language in African societies not only contributed to the emergence of a distinctive Black English but also exerted demonstrable effects on the manner in which other Americans spoke English."
(A) the religious music of colonists in New England unlikely
(B) the folk art of colonists in New England she was influenced by them, not the other way around
(C) formal written English not given
(D) American speech patterns correct
(E) eighteenth-century aesthetic principles PW failed to incorporate the traditions, so no

4. By a "closed system" of poetry(lines 34-35), the author most probably means poetry that Relevant text: The standards of eighteenth-century English poetry, which itself reflected little of the American language, led Wheatley to develop a notion of poetry as a closed system, derived from imitation of earlier written works. No place existed for the rough-and -ready Americanized English she heard in the streets, for the English spoken by Black people, or for Africanisms. The conventions of eighteenth-century neoclassical poetry ruled out casual talk; her voice and feelings had to be generalized according to rules of poetic diction and characterization; the particulars of her African past, if they were to be dealt with at all, had to be subordinated to the reigning conventions.
(A) cannot be written by those who are not raised knowing its conventions. not given
(B) has little influence on the way language is actually spoken. maybe
(C) substitutes its own conventions for the aesthetic principles of the past the reverse is true
(D) does not admit the use of street language and casual talk correct
(E) is ultimately rejected because its conventions leave little room for further development. it wasn't rejected as per information i nthe passage

5. According to the passage, the standards of eighteenth-century English poetry permitted Wheatley to include which of the following in her poetry? got that one wrong Relevant text: The standards of eighteenth-century English poetry, which itself reflected little of the American language, led Wheatley to develop a notion of poetry as a closed system, derived from imitation of earlier written works. No place existed for the rough-and -ready Americanized English she heard in the streets, for the English spoken by Black people, or for Africanisms. The conventions of eighteenth-century neoclassical poetry ruled out casual talk; her voice and feelings had to be generalized according to rules of poetic diction and characterization; the particulars of her African past, if they were to be dealt with at all, had to be subordinated to the reigning conventions.
(A) generalized feelings correct
(B) Americanized English No place existed for the rough-and -ready Americanized English
(C) themes from folk art particulars of her African past, if they were to be dealt with at all, had to be subordinated to the reigning conventions
(D) casual talk ruled out casual talk
(E) Black speech No place existed for the rough-and -ready Americanized English she heard in the streets, for the English spoken by Black people, or for Africanisms

6. Which one of the following, if true, would most weaken the author's argument concerning the role that Wheatley played in the evolution of an African American literary language? Conclusion: Thus limited by the eighteenth-century English literary code, Wheatley's poetry contributed little to the development of a distinctive African American literary language.
(A) Wheatley's poetry was admired in England for its faithfulness to the conventions of neoclassical poetry. the conclusion was not build on the admiration aspect
(B) Wheatley compiled a history in English of her family's experiences in Africa and America. this doesn't seem to do anything with poetry
(C) The language barriers that Wheatley overcame were eventually transcended by all who were brought from Africa as slaves. so te progress she made wasn't that big, but the contribution doesn't rest on overcoming barriers
(D) Several modern African American poets acknowledge the importance of Wheatley's poetry to American literature. Wheatley's poetry is undeniably accomplished, and she is justly celebrated as the first Black American poet. - goes in line with what what is stated
(E) Scholars trace themes and expressions in African American poetry back to the poetry of Wheatley. so PW's poetry did influence American literature - the opposite that the author claims

7. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would most probably have praised Phillis Wheatley's poetry more if it had Conclusion: Thus limited by the eighteenth-century English literary code, Wheatley's poetry contributed little to the development of a distinctive African American literary language.
(A) affected the manner in which slaves and freed Black people spoke English.
(B) defined African American artistic expression in terms of earlier works. that's exactly what PW did, and the author does't praise that
(C) adopted the standards of eighteenth-century English poetry. that's what happened - so no
(D) combined elements of the English literary tradition with those of the African oral tradition. correct
(E) focused on the barriers that written English literary forms presented to Black artists. the author gave credit her for overcoming the barriers - so no

8. Which one of the following most accurately characterizes the author's attitude with respect to Phillis Wheatley's literary accomplishments? Relevant text: Thus limited by the eighteenth-century English literary code, Wheatley's poetry contributed little to the development of a distinctive African American literary language. Yet by the standards of the literary conventions in which she chose to work, Wheatley's poetry is undeniably accomplished, and she is justly celebrated as the first Black American poet.
(A) enthusiastic advocacy too positive
(B) qualified admiration correct
(C) dispassionate impartiality
(D) detached ambivalence
(E) perfunctory dismissal
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For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 19:05
asthagupta wrote:
Any smaller and smarter way to work on the tone question such as the question 8?


I would try to answer your question :-

Quote:
8. Which one of the following most accurately characterizes the author's attitude with respect to Phillis Wheatley's literary accomplishments?
(A) enthusiastic advocacy
(B) qualified admiration
(C) dispassionate impartiality
(D) detached ambivalence
(E) perfunctory dismissal


Always analyse the tone of the author in the passage. Author in the passage is never critical about Wheatley. So We will remove all the choices that have negative tone.
He is neither too much influenced by Wheatley's works.

In this way A, C,and E are gone.

We are left with B and D. Out of these two, B sounds good because in option D "detached ambivalence" does not make sense as author certainly does not mean this.

Hence B is the correct answer.
Hope this helps!!
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Re: For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 19:19
Question No#2 was tough. I am giving a try to explain this.

First of all we should know what was the approach of Phillis Wheatley when she came in as an immigrant.


First Step:-

Quote:
she learned the English language and English literary forms so quickly and well that she was composing good poetry in English within a few years of her arrival in New England.



Second step :-

Quote:
Given her African heritage and her facility with English and the conventions of English poetry, Wheatley's work had the potential to apply the ideas of a written literature to an oral literary tradition in the creation of an African American literary language.


BUT

Quote:
But this was a potential that her poetry unfortunately did not exploit.


Now coming back to the question Options:-

Quote:
2. The approach to poetry taken by a modern-day Italian immigrant in America would be most analogous to Phillis Wheatley's approach, as it is described in the passage, if the immigrant

(A). Translated Italian literary forms into the American Idiom
Not matching with Phillis's Approach.

(B). Combined Italian and American literary traditions into a new form of poetic expression
Not mentioned anywhere in the passage about traditions.

(C). contributed to the development of a distinctive Italian American literary style
She had that potential but could not exploit.

(D). defined artistic expression in terms of eighteenth-century Italian Poetic conventions.
Not matching with Phillis's Approach.

(E). adopted the language and forms of modern American poetry.
This was the first thing she did when she came in as immigrant.CORRECT

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Re: For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England &nbs [#permalink] 03 Oct 2018, 19:19
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For the poet Phillis Wheatley, who was brought to colonial New England

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