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Gmatclub Verbal Diagnostic test No 5, Question No 2 CR

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Gmatclub Verbal Diagnostic test No 5, Question No 2 CR [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2014, 07:49
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

89% (02:11) correct 11% (02:44) wrong based on 58 sessions

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Starting from today, I will be posting a few questions on the three sections of GMAT verbal namely, SC,CR and RC in their relevant sub forums. .You can critique them from every angle including proof-reading. You may send in your suggestions to me either here or over PM and I shall study them intently for any possible corrections.

Your genuine critical appraisals will get a kudo; If you are however solving the question, then post them separately so that it may also fetch you kudos from members .

The best of these questions may one day become part of our gmatclub tests

So here we go with our launch starting with the first batch of CR questions


A chemo therapy used for treating abdominal cancer blocks the receptors in the digestive tract, when somebody takes the anti - cancer chemical within two hours of ingesting any nicotine product; however the chemical loses the cancer - blocking trait when the treatment is repeated four or five times in a day. Scientist think that nicotine contains some factor that turns the receptors upside-down, thus resulting in the anti-cancer chemical’s inability to bind with the receptors.

Which of the following conclusions could be most properly drawn from the information given above?

A) If one takes the chemo-therapy more than two hour after nicotine, its effectiveness is not diminished.
B) Ingesting nicotine after taking the medication does not diminish the effectiveness of the medication.
C) Abdominal cancer produces only one type of receptor in the stomach
D) The therapeutic regimen will fail if the binding at the receptor level is abnormal
E) Digestive cancers cannot be cured with the currently available chemo-therapy due to the highly mutagenic nature of the receptors

OA and OE after 5 solutions
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Re: Gmatclub Verbal Diagnostic test No 5, Question No 2 CR [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2014, 08:43
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IMO D



Below is my reasoning

A) If one takes the chemo-therapy more than two hour after nicotine, its effectiveness is not diminished. --Can't deduce what will happen if we take chemotherapy more than 2 hours after nicotine
B) Ingesting nicotine after taking the medication does not diminish the effectiveness of the medication. --can't deduce this one too from the stem
C) Abdominal cancer produces only one type of receptor in the stomach --Extreme and can't be deduced from stem.
D) The therapeutic regimen will fail if the binding at the receptor level is abnormal --- This is a rephrase of last sentence of stem i.e. Scientist think that nicotine contains some factor that turns the receptors upside-down, thus resulting in the anti-cancer chemical’s inability to bind with the receptors
E) Digestive cancers cannot be cured with the currently available chemo-therapy due to the highly mutagenic nature of the receptors-- Can't be deduced from stem

Please post OA and OE :-)

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Re: Gmatclub Verbal Diagnostic test No 5, Question No 2 CR [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2017, 05:03
Understood it as an infer kind of question.:
Option B to me, would love the OA and OE:

A chemo therapy used for treating abdominal cancer blocks the receptors in the digestive tract, when somebody takes the anti - cancer chemical within two hours of ingesting any nicotine product; however the chemical loses the cancer - blocking trait when the treatment is repeated four or five times in a day. Scientist think that nicotine contains some factor that turns the receptors upside-down, thus resulting in the anti-cancer chemical’s inability to bind with the receptors.

CONCL: Thus once nicotine is in the system it can cause the anti-cancer treatment to falter and not bind with receptors. This happens 4-5 times a day, however this is mentioned post ingestion of nicotine.

We need to infer a conclusion about the above as per the question


Which of the following conclusions could be most properly drawn from the information given above?

A) If one takes the chemo-therapy more than two hour after nicotine, its effectiveness is not diminished. - Probably it is, because this blocking happens 4 -5 times a day
B) Ingesting nicotine after taking the medication does not diminish the effectiveness of the medication. There is no mention of blocking BEFORE nicotine ingestion - thus it is possible
C) Abdominal cancer produces only one type of receptor in the stomach No mention of this and no information about it either
D) The therapeutic regimen will fail if the binding at the receptor level is abnormal Too much of stretch - it could be still effective due to other tweaks in the treatment
E) Digestive cancers cannot be cured with the currently available chemo-therapy due to the highly mutagenic nature of the receptors:/ Out of scope?

Would like to know the OA - I'm torn between D and B. B looks more probable to me

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Re: Gmatclub Verbal Diagnostic test No 5, Question No 2 CR [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 10:36
Chose D,

To me A & D are contenders. Wait for the OA

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Re: Gmatclub Verbal Diagnostic test No 5, Question No 2 CR [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 11:19
This is a must be true question(inference)
SCientists think that due to nicotine, the chemical from the medicine is not able to bind at the receptors.
Hence it must be true that if the medicine is ingested first, it might be able to bind at the receptors.

A) If one takes the chemo-therapy more than two hour after nicotine, its effectiveness is not diminished.
This is not mentioned.

B) Ingesting nicotine after taking the medication does not diminish the effectiveness of the medication.
Yes, considering the statements of the argument true, presence of nicotine deters the chemical from binding to receptors.
so it must be true that the medicine is effective when taken before nicotine.

C) Abdominal cancer produces only one type of receptor in the stomach
Not relevant

D) The therapeutic regimen will fail if the binding at the receptor level is abnormal
"Will fail"is too extreme as we are not told anything about the consequences of abnormal binding.

E) Digestive cancers cannot be cured with the currently available chemo-therapy due to the highly mutagenic nature of the receptors
No such information

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Re: Gmatclub Verbal Diagnostic test No 5, Question No 2 CR   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2017, 11:19
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Gmatclub Verbal Diagnostic test No 5, Question No 2 CR

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