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High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school

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High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2007, 08:01
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Question Stats:

69% (01:11) correct 31% (01:39) wrong based on 785 sessions

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High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school often drop out before graduating and go to work. Last year, however, the city’s high school dropout rate was significantly lower than the previous year’s rate. This is encouraging evidence that the program instituted two years ago to improve the morale of high school students has begun to take effect to reduce dropouts.

Which one of the following, if true about the last year, most seriously weakens the argument?


(A) There was a recession that caused a high level or unemployment in the city.

(B) The morale of students who dropped out of high school had been low even before they reached high school.

(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.

(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.

(E) The antidropout program was primarily aimed at improving students’ morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates.

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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 12:57
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urhowig wrote:
Between A and D, which one is the correct answer ?


Premise: a new program was implemented two years ago. (X)
Conclusion: drop out rates reduced. (Y)
The argument is X caused Y.

Option A weakens the argument by stating that something else, recession (Z) caused Y, thereby weakening the argument X caused Y.

Option D may present a reason that the drop out rate is reduced , but it attacks the conclusion (Y) in isolation and has no bearing with the premise (X) - it does not attack the link between the premise and conclusion (i.e does not attack the argument X caused Y) and thus is not the right answer.

OA added.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2007, 02:52
A casts doubt on the effectiveness of the program by providing an alternative reason for reduction in drop out rates. High unemployment might result in students staying back at school as they cannot find jobs outside.
Hence A
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2013, 07:38
Between A & D

I would go for A as it weakens the conclusion

i.e( This is encouraging evidence that the program instituted two years ago to improve the morale of high school students has begun to take effect to reduce dropouts. )

D actually strengthens the argument by providing evidence that some program has encouraged students to stay.

This is my reasoning, I'm not sure of the answer,

Please explain if wrong
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2013, 09:40
+1 A

D is interesting, but I think that we would have to suposse that those students prefer to wait until their graduation to get those graduate jobs rather than to work inmediately. But, we are not allowed to make that kind of assumption.

Hence, A.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 08:56
Between A and D, which one is the correct answer ?
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2017, 08:55
(A) There was a recession that caused a high level or unemployment in the city.
The answer choice provides an alternate reason for the chnage and thus weakens the argument by stating that the program was not the reason for the low dropout rates.

(B) The morale of students who dropped out of high school had been low even before they reached high school.
the answer choice tries to undermine the effects of the program but as the argument specifies that students drop out of high school and the program aims to boost the moral of the highschool students the choice is addressing the wrong segment of studnets thus out of scope.

(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
this does not mean that the students remained in the high school because of the program

(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.
The point states that the high school established placement offices but fails to mention the quality of jobs provided and weather the jobs provided by the palcement offices were the same jobs as the droppouts were doing already or were better paid and therfore this anser choice may not be correct completely and therfore does not form the code for the weakiening of the argument.

(E) The antidropout program was primarily aimed at improving students’ morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates.
the answer choice does not weakens the argument but only provide more stats.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2017, 10:03
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The argument concludes that a program instituted two years ago to increase morale has ultimately caused the recent decrease in high school dropouts.

correct answer, (A), falls into one of the most frequently occurring of those categories: the alternate cause.
(A): This is the correct answer. The answer attacks the conclusion by introducing an alternate cause: it was not the morale program that led to a decrease in high dropouts, but rather the fact that no jobs were available for individuals contemplating dropping out of high school. The job availability factor is important because the first sentence of the stimulus indicates that high school students who drop out go to work. Thus, if a recession led to a high level of unemployment, this could cause high school students to rethink
dropping out and stay in school
(B): At best, this answer confirms that some of the high school students had a low morale, and in that sense, the answer strengthens the argument. At worst, the answer choice is irrelevant.
(C): The argument indicates that the dropout rate is lower relative to the preceding year; there is no claim that the dropout rate
ever exceeded the retention rate. Thus, to suggest that more students stayed in school than dropped out has no effect on the argument.
(D): iSWAT - The stimulus refers to high school dropouts. This answer choice refers to high school graduates.
(E): The argument uses information about the city’s overall dropout rate. Therefore, the target high schools of the anti-dropout program are irrelevant.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 15:04
sayantanc2k wrote:
urhowig wrote:
Between A and D, which one is the correct answer ?


Premise: a new program was implemented two years ago. (X)
Conclusion: drop out rates reduced. (Y)
The argument is X caused Y.

Option A weakens the argument by stating that something else, recession (Z) caused Y, thereby weakening the argument X caused Y.

Option D may present a reason that the drop out rate is reduced , but it attacks the conclusion (Y) in isolation and has no bearing with the premise (X) - it does not attack the link between the premise and conclusion (i.e does not attack the argument X caused Y) and thus is not the right answer.

OA added.


Recession caused unemployment and not high drop out rates ! how can we conclude that another factor caused the drop out

Can you explain please
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 18:30
Can please someone explain clearly y D is wrong ??

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High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 19:15
This is a bad question. Both A & D work.

Both A and D indirectly attack the absolute relationship between the premise and the conclusion by introducing new premise.

A doesn't directly address why a recession is linked to potential dropouts staying with the school. It needs another assumption that the dropouts stay because of the recession.

Same as A. D doesn't directly address why a graduate employment program is linked to potential dropouts saying with the school. It needs another assumption that the dropouts stay because they want to participate in that program.
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High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school &nbs [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 19:15
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