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High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school

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High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 Feb 2019, 21:14
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67% (01:36) correct 33% (01:54) wrong based on 707 sessions

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High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school often drop out before graduating and go to work. Last year, however, the city’s high school dropout rate was significantly lower than the previous year’s rate. This is encouraging evidence that the program instituted two years ago to improve the morale of high school students has begun to take effect to reduce dropouts.

Which one of the following, if true about the last year, most seriously weakens the argument?


(A) There was a recession that caused a high level or unemployment in the city.

(B) The morale of students who dropped out of high school had been low even before they reached high school.

(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.

(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.

(E) The antidropout program was primarily aimed at improving students’ morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates.

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Originally posted by jet1445 on 16 Mar 2007, 09:01.
Last edited by Bunuel on 28 Feb 2019, 21:14, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 13:57
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urhowig wrote:
Between A and D, which one is the correct answer ?


Premise: a new program was implemented two years ago. (X)
Conclusion: drop out rates reduced. (Y)
The argument is X caused Y.

Option A weakens the argument by stating that something else, recession (Z) caused Y, thereby weakening the argument X caused Y.

Option D may present a reason that the drop out rate is reduced , but it attacks the conclusion (Y) in isolation and has no bearing with the premise (X) - it does not attack the link between the premise and conclusion (i.e does not attack the argument X caused Y) and thus is not the right answer.

OA added.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2007, 03:52
A casts doubt on the effectiveness of the program by providing an alternative reason for reduction in drop out rates. High unemployment might result in students staying back at school as they cannot find jobs outside.
Hence A
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2014, 02:56
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A it is: There was a recession that caused a high level of unemployment in the city----------->to weaken the conclusion just provide the alternate reason. this is exactly what A does
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2014, 05:02
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LaxAvenger wrote:
Got to this nice CR question in the PowerScore Bible:

High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in high school often drop out before graduating and go to work. Last year, however, the city's high school dropout rate was significantly lower than the previous year's rate. This is encouraging evidence that the program instituted two years ago to improve the morale of high school students has begun to take effect to reduce dropouts.

Which one of the following, if true about the last year, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) There was a recession that caused a high level of unemployment in the city.
(B) The morale of students who dropped out of high school had been low even before they reached high school.
(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.
(E) The antidropout program was primarily aimed at improving students' morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates.



Given that Option A implies: Unemployment rises -> Cant afford child education -> hence child drops out of school.

But are we not assuming too much, out of scope of the passage that unemployment leads to crisis at home and inability to support child education??

The correct weakener should provide an alternate reason that shows that it was NOT the antidropout program but some other factor that lead to a fall in drop-out.

IMO Option E implies that though the program was Primarily aimed at improving students' morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates, the overall number for all schools that year was reduced which could be due to some other factor where the program was not really aimed at.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2017, 09:56
Between A and D, which one is the correct answer ?
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2017, 09:55
(A) There was a recession that caused a high level or unemployment in the city.
The answer choice provides an alternate reason for the chnage and thus weakens the argument by stating that the program was not the reason for the low dropout rates.

(B) The morale of students who dropped out of high school had been low even before they reached high school.
the answer choice tries to undermine the effects of the program but as the argument specifies that students drop out of high school and the program aims to boost the moral of the highschool students the choice is addressing the wrong segment of studnets thus out of scope.

(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
this does not mean that the students remained in the high school because of the program

(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.
The point states that the high school established placement offices but fails to mention the quality of jobs provided and weather the jobs provided by the palcement offices were the same jobs as the droppouts were doing already or were better paid and therfore this anser choice may not be correct completely and therfore does not form the code for the weakiening of the argument.

(E) The antidropout program was primarily aimed at improving students’ morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates.
the answer choice does not weakens the argument but only provide more stats.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2017, 11:03
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The argument concludes that a program instituted two years ago to increase morale has ultimately caused the recent decrease in high school dropouts.

correct answer, (A), falls into one of the most frequently occurring of those categories: the alternate cause.
(A): This is the correct answer. The answer attacks the conclusion by introducing an alternate cause: it was not the morale program that led to a decrease in high dropouts, but rather the fact that no jobs were available for individuals contemplating dropping out of high school. The job availability factor is important because the first sentence of the stimulus indicates that high school students who drop out go to work. Thus, if a recession led to a high level of unemployment, this could cause high school students to rethink
dropping out and stay in school
(B): At best, this answer confirms that some of the high school students had a low morale, and in that sense, the answer strengthens the argument. At worst, the answer choice is irrelevant.
(C): The argument indicates that the dropout rate is lower relative to the preceding year; there is no claim that the dropout rate
ever exceeded the retention rate. Thus, to suggest that more students stayed in school than dropped out has no effect on the argument.
(D): iSWAT - The stimulus refers to high school dropouts. This answer choice refers to high school graduates.
(E): The argument uses information about the city’s overall dropout rate. Therefore, the target high schools of the anti-dropout program are irrelevant.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2017, 07:30
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This one is cause & effect.
New program (x) encouraged students not to give up school and seek for a job, but to stay and graduate that led to a decrease in dropout rate (y).
Our goal is to find another reason for (y) to happen, answer "A" gives a clear reason (y) to happen due to a high unemployment rate in the city, thus students simply couldn't find a job and had no any other options but to stay at school and proceed with studying.
Very decent question.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 03:42
As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
why C is wrong??
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2017, 18:34
guptarahul wrote:
As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
why C is wrong??

Quote:
(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.

Choice (C) only tells us that, in each year, more high school students remained than dropped out, but it doesn't tell us if the number of dropouts increased, decreased, or remained the same from one year to the next. For example, perhaps 4000 students remained and 1000 dropped out last year (consistent with the information given in choice (C)). If 1500 students dropped out and 2500 remained the preceding year, this evidence would support the argument that the program is reducing dropouts. Since we don't know the exact numbers, we don't know whether choice (C) weakens or strengthens the argument.
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Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2019, 21:14
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