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Historian: Anyone who thinks that the terrors of the ancient regime of

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Historian: Anyone who thinks that the terrors of the ancient regime of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2020, 07:07
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E

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Historian: Anyone who thinks that the terrors of the ancient regime of Q were exclusively the work of fanatics is overlooking a basic truth: the regime was made up primarily of ordinary people enthusiastically seeking paradise. The regime executed many people in pursuit of its goal, but it later became clear that paradise as they defined it, is unrealizable. So at least some of the ordinary people of Q were in fact murderers.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, provides the most support for the historian’s argumentation?


(A) The pursuit of paradise does not justify murder.

(B) The pursuit of paradise justifies fanaticism.

(C) Execution in pursuit of what is later found to be unattainable constitutes murder.

(D) Fanaticism in pursuit of paradise constitutes inhumanity.

(E) Enthusiasm in pursuit of what is eventually found to be unattainable constitutes fanaticism.

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Re: Historian: Anyone who thinks that the terrors of the ancient regime of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2020, 13:31
C is the right answer in my view.

Quote:
Historian: Anyone who thinks that the terrors of the ancient regime of Q were exclusively the work of fanatics is overlooking a basic truth: the regime was made up primarily of ordinary people enthusiastically seeking paradise. The regime executed many people in pursuit of its goal, but it later became clear that paradise as they defined it, is unrealizable. So at least some of the ordinary people of Q were in fact murderers.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, provides the most support for the historian’s argumentation?


Conclusion: So at least some of the ordinary people of Q were in fact murderers.
Premise: The regime was made up primarily of ordinary people enthusiastically seeking paradise.
Premise: The regime executed many people in pursuit of its goal, but it later became clear that paradise as they defined it, is unrealizable.

Let's analyze the answer choices and establish which option reinforces the conclusion that as least some of the ordinary people of Q were in fact murderers.


Quote:
(A) The pursuit of paradise does not justify murder.

This option weakens the argument as it suggests that the conclusion above cannot be rightly drawn from the premises provided. A is thus incorrect.

Quote:
(B) The pursuit of paradise justifies fanaticism.

The conclusion of the argument is not about fanaticism but rather about whether the ordinary people of Q were murderers. This option neither strengthens nor weakens the argument, hence incorrect.

Quote:
(C) Execution in pursuit of what is later found to be unattainable constitutes murder.

Correct as it justifies the conclusion above that at least some of the ordinary people of Q were in fact murderers. This option, therefore, strengthens the argument above.

Quote:
(D) Fanaticism in pursuit of paradise constitutes inhumanity.

Incorrect for the same reason as B is incorrect. It does not strengthen the conclusion of the argument above.

Quote:
(E) Enthusiasm in pursuit of what is eventually found to be unattainable constitutes fanaticism.

Incorrect for the same reason as D and B are incorrect. It does not strengthen the argument above.
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Re: Historian: Anyone who thinks that the terrors of the ancient regime of   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2020, 13:31

Historian: Anyone who thinks that the terrors of the ancient regime of

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