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Historians have identified two dominant currents in

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New post Updated on: 29 Jul 2019, 04:15
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Historians have identified two dominant currents in the Russian women's movement of the late tsarist period. "Bourgeois" feminism, so called by its more radical opponents, emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality. "Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized class, rather than gender, as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.

However, despite antagonism between bourgeois feminists and socialist feminists, the two movements shared certain underlying beliefs. Both regarded paid labor as the principal means by which women might attain emancipation: participation in the workplace and economic self-sufficiency, they believed, would make women socially useful and therefore deserving of equality with men. Both groups also recognized the enormous difficulties women faced when they combined paid labor with motherhood. In fact, at the First All-Russian Women's Congress in 1908, most participants advocated maternity insurance and paid maternity leave, although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement. Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.
35.The passage suggests that socialists within the Russian women's movement and most bourgeois feminists believed that in Russia
(A) women would not achieve economic equality until they had political representation within the government
(B) the achievement of larger political aims should take precedence over the achievement of women's rights
(C) the emancipation of women would ultimately bring about the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression
(D) women's oppression was more rooted in economic inequality than was the case in other countries
(E) the women's movement was more ideologically divided than were women's movements in other countries



37.According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?
(A) Whether legal reform was central to the achievement of feminist goals
(B) Whether paid employment was important for the achievement of equality
(C) Whether maternity insurance was desirable for working mothers
(D) Whether working mothers faced obstacles
(E) Whether women's emancipation should be subordinated to the liberation of the Russian population



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Originally posted by sondenso on 04 May 2008, 19:58.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 29 Jul 2019, 04:15, edited 1 time in total.
Updated complete topic (28).
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2008, 03:34
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35 - B
It can't be C. Last line is about relative importance of two goals. Liberation of the entire Russian population is more important than women's emancipation. But this doesn't mean that one can liberate entire Russian population by women's emancipation.
37 - A
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2013, 09:00
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leaderz wrote:
kindly some one explain the answer for the question 37th .


This is a easy question, because question stem is asking about "disagreement" between 2 groups. All information are provided in fist paragraph. Only (A) match to the requirement. From (B) to (E) are "agreement", which provided in second paragraph. Following is my reasoning.

B: such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality.
S: as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2013, 03:02
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ranjeet75 wrote:
I could not get how B is the answer of Q.35?


Hi Ranjeet,

Initially I also opted for C, but by reading forum I got it.

Finally, socialist feminists and
most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating
women's emancipation to what they considered the
more important goal of liberating the entire Russian
population from political oppression, economic
backwardness, and social injustice.

The clause "In subordinating WE to most important goal of liberation of entire Russian population" shows that both BF and SF believed in this ,so this is the point of agreement between the two.

Hope that helps

Rgds,
Saurabh
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 11:25
1
The passage is primarily concerned with
(A) identifying points of agreement between two
groups
(B) advocating one approach to social reform over
another
(C) contrasting two approaches to solving a political
problem
(D) arguing that the views espoused by one political
group were more radical than those espoused by
another group
(E) criticizing historians for overlooking similarities
between the views espoused by two superficially
dissimilar groups

the above question is of the same passage
why 'C' is wrong?
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 11:25
1
The passage is primarily concerned with
(A) identifying points of agreement between two
groups
(B) advocating one approach to social reform over
another
(C) contrasting two approaches to solving a political
problem
(D) arguing that the views espoused by one political
group were more radical than those espoused by
another group
(E) criticizing historians for overlooking similarities
between the views espoused by two superficially
dissimilar groups

the above question is of the same passage
why 'C' is wrong?
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2013, 09:53
6
1
35) At first i checked C as answer, but after going through post and breaking down the sentence

" Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the
more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice. "

Concurred = Agree
Subordinating = Lowering the importance
Emancipation = Giving Equal Rights to Women.

i found the answer is B.
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2014, 09:57
1
curtis0063 wrote:
leaderz wrote:
kindly some one explain the answer for the question 37th .


This is a easy question, because question stem is asking about "disagreement" between 2 groups. All information are provided in fist paragraph. Only (A) match to the requirement. From (B) to (E) are "agreement", which provided in second paragraph. Following is my reasoning.

B: such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality.
S: as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.



Thanks for such an awesome explanation. How would I know that in "According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?", the Author talking about disagreed with each other or disagreed from others (some third party).

Sorry I am non native English speaker so unable figure out the difference.
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2017, 13:59
Good question set. The answer to the first problem is clearly stated in this portion of the passage:

"Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice."
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Re: Historians have identified two dominant currents in   [#permalink] 01 Jan 2017, 13:59
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