Fdambro294 wrote:
gurpreetsingh wrote:
Take the intersection of line AB and CD as point E.
EB = ED as tangents from a single point to a circle are equal
EB = EC + CD take EC = x
=> EB = x+ 24
Also AE=EC = x using same explanation above.
AB = AE+EB = x+x+24 = 2x+24 = even number- if you are short of time you can easily guess.
Now triangle ECO is similar to triangle triangle EDO' where O and O' are center of 1st and 2nd respectively.
=>\(\frac{EC}{OD} = \frac{O'D}{ED}\)
=> \(\frac{x}{5}= \frac{5}{(x+24)}\)
=> \(x^2 +24x -25 = 0\)
=> \((x +25)*(x-1)= 0\) => \(x =1\)
=> AB\(= 2x*+24 = 2+24 = 26\)
the only question I have is how did you arrive at Triangle Similarity?
we have 1 Smaller Right Triangle OCE ---- Leg = x ; Leg = 5
and 2 Larger Right Triangle EDO' ----- Leg = x + 24 ; Leg = 5
How do you find that these 2 Triangles are Similar?
Everything else, I understand your reasoning.
thank you much
I took some time to find the similarity too. Using E as the intersection point of both tangents, you will find 2 triangles EOC and PED:
1) Extend out the radius OC as a straight line onto line EP (draw it out until it touches EP, label it F)
2) See that Triangle ECF is similar to Triangle OCE; also, notice that angle CFE = angle CEO (let this be B* degrees)
3) Since all the triangles make use of a common line ED, see that angle EFC = angle EPD (corresponding angles formed from 2 parallel lines CF and DP using the line EP); this gives us the similar triangle property where angle CEO = angle EFC = angle EPD = B* degrees.
Therefore, EC/ CO = PD / ED = PD / (x+24).
Hope this helps.