GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 23 Oct 2019, 04:04 GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern  Joined: 22 Nov 2013
Posts: 37
If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

2
28 00:00

Difficulty:   85% (hard)

Question Stats: 51% (02:24) correct 49% (02:23) wrong based on 433 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.
Manager  Joined: 19 Apr 2013
Posts: 68
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
GMAT Date: 06-05-2015
GPA: 3.88
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

8
1
BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

Hi,

To solve this the best approach will be -- write the numbers in other forms either in fraction or some other forms.(Fraction will take loger time)

I tried this --

$$a = \frac{28}{31}$$
It can be written as,
$$a = \frac{(31-3)}{31}$$
$$a = 1- \frac{3}{31}$$
similar B and C can be written as
$$b =1-\frac{1}{30}$$ and $$c =1-\frac{2}{33}$$.

Now 1) a+b >2

1-3/31+1-1/30 = 2-3/31-1/30 (we are trying to subtract something from 2 and it can not be greater than 2) So Not True.

2) b + c - a > 1

1-1/30 +1 - 2/33 - 1+ 3/31 = 2 + 3/31 - 1/30 - 2/33.( which will be always greater than 1) So True.

3) a+ b^2 - c^2 > 1

a+(b+c)(b-c)

a+ (2- 1/30-2/33)(2/33-1/30) (Here you need to calculate 2/33 == 0.0606 or 1/30 = 0.0333)

1-3/31 + (2- 1/30-2/33)(2/33-1/30) after + sign term is less than 3/31.

So you can say it whole is less than 1.
General Discussion
Manager  Joined: 26 Sep 2013
Posts: 184
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 670 Q39 V41 GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V41 Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

2
3
BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

Don't do algebra, just think it out.

I) A+B, both of which are less than one. They can't be greater than 2.
II) B is clearly larger than A (look at numerators & denominators), so when you add C to it you're almost at 2. A is the smallest number here, think of them as percentages if that helps, and when you subtract that from B you still have some left over. THen add C in, which is almost 1, on its own, you can see it'st rue.
III) Remember when you square a fraction you get a smaller number, so you have a smaller number than what those two fractions started out as. Some fairly quick guestimating about what they equal (again, it's easier perhaps to think of them as being percentages) and you can see it's less than 1
Senior Manager  Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 411
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

Hi, I used fraction to solve this, but it takes time.
I want to know whether we can solve it using other than Fraction.

Originally posted by goodyear2013 on 19 Jan 2014, 12:33.
Last edited by goodyear2013 on 21 Jan 2014, 10:42, edited 1 time in total.
Intern  Status: Student
Joined: 06 Oct 2013
Posts: 24
Location: Germany
Concentration: Operations, General Management
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V35 GPA: 2.4
WE: Other (Consulting)
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

1
bhatiamanu05 wrote:
BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

Hi,

To solve this the best approach will be -- write the numbers in other forms either in fraction or some other forms.(Fraction will take loger time)

I tried this --

$$a = \frac{28}{31}$$
It can be written as,
$$a = \frac{(31-3)}{31}$$
$$a = 1- \frac{3}{31}$$
similar B and C can be written as
$$b =1-\frac{1}{30}$$ and $$c =1-\frac{2}{33}$$.

Now 1) a+b >2

1-3/31+1-1/30 = 2-3/31-1/30 (we are trying to subtract something from 2 and it can not be greater than 2) So Not True.

2) b + c - a > 1

1-1/30 +1 - 2/33 - 1+ 3/31 = 2 + 3/31 - 1/30 - 2/33.( which will be always greater than 1) So True.

3) a+ b^2 - c^2 > 1

a+(b+c)(b-c)

a+ (2- 1/30-2/33)(2/33-1/30) (Here you need to calculate 2/33 == 0.0606 or 1/30 = 0.0333)

1-3/31 + (2- 1/30-2/33)(2/33-1/30) after + sign term is less than 3/31.

So you can say it whole is less than 1.

You have a mistake in the red marked equation.
$$... = 1 + 3/31 - 1/30 - 2/33$$ what makes it less clear that it is always greater than 1.

Though I would du an educated guess here...
1. is quite easy to assess.
2. and 3. are quite complicated. But maybe this might help you:
when x < y:$$\frac{x}{y} < \frac{x+1}{y+1} < \frac{x+2}{y+2}$$

What you also could do is, ask yourself which one is the biggest fraction.
Therefore write the fractions next to each other and do a little thinking.

$$\frac{28}{31} --- \frac{29}{30} --- \frac{31}{33}$$
To check which is bigger, multiply the numerator of the first with the denominator of the second and vice verse. The fraction of the numerator which "creates" the bigger value is the bigger fraction.

$$28*30 < 29*31$$ and $$29*31 < 30*33$$
thereforce $$a < b < c$$
_________________
Thank You = 1 Kudos
B.Sc., International Production Engineering and Management
M.Sc. mult., European Master in Management Candidate

_______________________________________________________

#1 Official GMAT Prep 1: 530 (Q41 V21), 10/10/13
#2 Manhattan GMAT CAT 1: 600 (Q43 V30), 12/17/13
#3 Manhattan GMAT CAT 2: 640 (Q43 V34), 01/13/14
#4 Manhattan GMAT CAT 3: 660 (Q45 V35), 01/16/14
#5 Manhattan GMAT CAT 4: 650 (Q45 V34), 01/18/14
#6 Manhattan GMAT CAT 5: 660 (Q42 V38), 01/21/14
#7 Official GMAT Prep 2: 640 (Q48 V30), 01/26/14
GMAT 670 Q49 V34 AWA5 IR6 - TOEFL ibt 110
Manager  Joined: 20 Dec 2013
Posts: 224
Location: India
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

Option $$D$$.
Option $$A,B$$ and $$E$$ can be eliminated by simple observation:In the first statement $$a<1$$ and $$b<1$$ so their sum cannot be greater than $$2$$.
Now we don't even have to consider statement II since it's in both $$C$$ and $$D$$.
As for third statement,
$$b<1$$
So $$b^2<b$$

And $$b>c$$ (we can find this out by making the denominators in $$b$$ and $$c=330$$)
When difference of their squares is taken,it'll be so less than even $$b-c$$ that after we add $$a$$ it won't be greater than $$1$$.
Consider:$$b^2=(319/330)^2$$ and $$c^2=(310/330)^2$$
$$b^2-c^2=(9*629)/(330)^2$$ which is very very small.
[ $$a$$ is approx $$0.94$$.So we need $$0.06$$ to be added to $$a$$ to make it equal to $$1$$.]
Intern  Joined: 25 May 2014
Posts: 18
GPA: 3.55
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

Fast Approach (1.16 min):

I. <1 + <1 = <2 hence eliminate

As we eliminated I, we eliminate choices A, B, and E. So we only have to decide between C and D.

C: II and III
D: II only.

Hence, we should only check III. As if III is true, then we pick C. If III is false, then we automatically are left with D.

Check III:

By simple comparison of fractions, you can immediately infer that a < c < b. Estimate:

Assume a = 0.97, c = 0.98 , b= 0.99

III: 0.97 + (0.99)^2 - (0.98)^2 < 1?

even if you do not square 0.99, and 0.98, 0.97+(0.99-0.98) = 0.97 + (.01) < 1. Hence, squaring them would make the number even smaller. So FALSE.

Hence, we are left with choice D.
CEO  D
Status: GMATINSIGHT Tutor
Joined: 08 Jul 2010
Posts: 2978
Location: India
GMAT: INSIGHT
Schools: Darden '21
WE: Education (Education)
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

1
1
francoimps wrote:
BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

Fast Approach (1.16 min):

I. <1 + <1 = <2 hence eliminate

As we eliminated I, we eliminate choices A, B, and E. So we only have to decide between C and D.

C: II and III
D: II only.

Hence, we should only check III. As if III is true, then we pick C. If III is false, then we automatically are left with D.

Check III:

By simple comparison of fractions, you can immediately infer that a < c < b. Estimate:

Assume a = 0.97, c = 0.98 , b= 0.99

III: 0.97 + (0.99)^2 - (0.98)^2 < 1?

even if you do not square 0.99, and 0.98, 0.97+(0.99-0.98) = 0.97 + (.01) < 1. Hence, squaring them would make the number even smaller. So FALSE.

Hence, we are left with choice D.

Hi Francoimps,

Almost everything you have done is correct except one step (Highlighted below) which I am skeptical about being correct all the time

Assume a = 0.97, c = 0.98 , b= 0.99

Also one step that you have written

By simple comparison of fractions, you can immediately infer that a < c < b. Estimate:

In my opinion this SIMPLE COMPARISON OF FRACTION is not so simple for many and perhaps this consumes some time of the test takers

So I am giving a little clarity here on comparison of such fractions

Given: $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$

Method 1: Cross multiplication

Comparing $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$ by writing it on left side and $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ by writing it on Right side
Cross multiply by multiplying the denominators of fractions into the numerator of other fraction to be compared with

i.e. writing on left side $$28*30$$ and writing on Right side $$29*31$$

Left side is smaller than right side i.e. a (written on left) will be smaller than b (written on right side)

Similarly compare b with c and know that a < c < b

Method 2: Algebraic Understanding

a is smaller than b is very simply visible as the numerator and denominator both as equally less by 1 than numerator and denominator of b

Rule: if u/v<1 and x>0, then u/v < (u+x)/(v+x)

Compare $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$

From b to c, Numerator increased by 2 from 29 to 31, i.e. less than 10% increase
From b to c, Denominator increased by 3 from 30 to 33, i.e. Greater than 10% increase

since numerator has increased by lesser percentage and denominator has increased by greater percentage therefore new fraction (i.e. c) will be smaller than b

Compare $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$

From a to c, Numerator increased by 3 from 28 to 31, i.e. Greater than 10% increase
From a to c, Denominator increased by 2 from 31 to 33, i.e. Less than 10% increase

since numerator has increased by Greater percentage and denominator has increased by Lesser percentage therefore new fraction (i.e. c) will be Greater than a

Hence, a < c < b
_________________
Prosper!!!
GMATinsight
Bhoopendra Singh and Dr.Sushma Jha
e-mail: info@GMATinsight.com I Call us : +91-9999687183 / 9891333772
Online One-on-One Skype based classes and Classroom Coaching in South and West Delhi
http://www.GMATinsight.com/testimonials.html

ACCESS FREE GMAT TESTS HERE:22 ONLINE FREE (FULL LENGTH) GMAT CAT (PRACTICE TESTS) LINK COLLECTION
Manager  S
Joined: 22 Jan 2014
Posts: 170
WE: Project Management (Computer Hardware)
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

1
BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

Let 28 = 1 ; 29 = 2 ; 29 = 3 ; ... ; 33 = 6
=> a = 0.25 , b = 0.66 , and c = 0.66

by this only II is true. hence D.

Bunuel is this method correct? i guess this would give approximate answers but i assume it can be used.
_________________
Illegitimi non carborundum.
Intern  Joined: 05 Jun 2015
Posts: 24
Location: Viet Nam
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V41 GPA: 3.66
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

Hi,

Here is how I avoided long calculation.

It is easy to see that (I) is false, so I will skip that.

For (II), let's see, we have: $$\frac{29}{30}+\frac{31}{33}-\frac{28}{31}$$.

Let's rearange a bit to avoid big numbers: $$\frac{31}{33}+(\frac{29}{30}-\frac{28}{31})$$

Now, if $$(\frac{29}{30}-\frac{28}{31})>\frac{2}{33}$$, then (II) is true. Otherwise, it's false.

$$\frac{29}{30}-\frac{28}{31}=(1-\frac{1}{30})-(1-\frac{3}{31})=\frac{-1}{30}+\frac{3}{31}=\frac{-1}{30}+(\frac{1}{31}+\frac{2}{31})$$

As the difference between $$\frac{1}{30}$$ and $$\frac{1}{31}$$ is negligible and very close to zero, let's ignore that. Because $$\frac{2}{31}$$ is clearly greater than $$\frac{2}{33}$$, (II) is true.

(III) is a bit tricky, but we can employ the same approach.

If $$(\frac{29}{30})^2-(\frac{31}{33})^2>\frac{3}{31}$$, then (III) is true. Otherwise, it's false.

$$(\frac{29}{30})^2-(\frac{31}{33})^2=(1-\frac{1}{30})^2-(1-\frac{2}{33})^2=\frac{-2}{30}+\frac{1}{900}+\frac{4}{33}+\frac{-4}{(33^2)}$$

Rearange a bit: $$\frac{-2}{30}+\frac{-4}{(33^2)}+\frac{1}{900}+\frac{4}{33}$$

The first two fraction are clearly less than $$\frac{3}{31}$$ (since they are negative).

Next, $$\frac{1}{900}<\frac{3}{31}$$.

$$\frac{4}{33}=\frac{3}{33}+\frac{1}{33}$$.

Now, pay attention: $$\frac{3}{33}<\frac{3}{31}$$

AND $$\frac{1}{33}<\frac{2}{30}$$. Hence, $$\frac{1}{33}-\frac{2}{30}<0$$

So, all in all, $$\frac{-2}{30}-\frac{4}{(33^2)}+\frac{1}{900}+\frac{4}{33}<\frac{3}{31}$$, meaning that (III) is false.
Director  S
Joined: 17 Dec 2012
Posts: 626
Location: India
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

1
BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

In this type of problems one should bee able to eliminate choices without any calculation.
I is false and requires simple calculation. If i is false we can eliminate A,B and E without looking in to each.
Among C and D , II is common. So we do not have to check for II. We need to check only for III
_________________
Srinivasan Vaidyaraman
Sravna Test Prep
http://www.sravnatestprep.com

Holistic and Systematic Approach
Intern  B
Joined: 10 Dec 2015
Posts: 26
GMAT 1: 680 Q45 V38 Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

This is how I did it.
a=28/31=.90x (where x is the third number after the decimal - you don't need to find out x or go further)
b=29/30=.90x (where x is the third number after the decimal - you don't need to find out x or go further)
c=31/33=.92x (where x is the third number after the decimal - you don't need to find out x or go further)

Now let's look at the options:
I. a+b>2 This is false, so eliminate all options where it says that I is true.

We are left with options C and D at this point.
Now go for the option is not common in C and D, so we choose to work with III.
III. a+b^2-c^2>1
From our mathematical operations at the beginning, we have found out that that c>b, so b^2-c^2 must yield a negative value. Hence, the result simplifies to:
0.90x+(negative value)>1

This is false. Thus, we are left with option D only. This elimination method is the fastest. Hope it helps. Feel free to reach out in case of any query.
_________________
-Please give me KUDOS, if my posts help you in anyway.
-Please PM me any doubts which you might have, and I will do my level best to help. Manager  G
Joined: 16 May 2016
Posts: 199
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: ESSEC '21 (A\$)
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38 GPA: 3.5
WE: Analyst (Consulting)
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

Don't go in the trap of making denominators common. Go for Decimal approach. If you are good in maths and can do faster calculation, decimal will give you answer in less than 2.5 minutes. If you are struggling with decimal I will suggest to watch some Vedic Maths videos as it will help you in faster calculation
_________________
Not Giving UP! Kudos if you like the question Manager  B
Joined: 17 Jul 2016
Posts: 54
If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

Statement 1 cannot be true. Something less than 1 plus something less than 1 = something less than 2.

Statement2- Add a to both sides so we can compare if b+c > 1+a

We can rewrite the two sides in terms of how much less than 2 each is.

$$b+c=2-1/30-2/33$$
$$1+a=2-3/31$$

so we can compare rewrite the inequality as $$\frac{-1}{30}\frac{-2}{33}>? \frac{-3}{31}$$
add terms to both sides so we can compare $$\frac{3}{31} >? \frac{1}{30}+\frac{2}{33}$$
multiply everything by 31
$$3>? 31/30+62/33$$
$$3>? 1+2+1/30-4/33$$
$$4/33>? 1/30$$
$$4(30) > 33(1$$)
Since that statement is clearly true we can conclude statement 2 is true.

Statement 3

$$a+b^2>? 1+c^2$$
$$(28/31)+(29/30)^2>? 1+(93/99)^2$$
$$(28/31)+(841/900)>?1.88$$
28/31 is very close to .9 and 855/900 is .95
we can say the left side= .9+.93 and the right side =1.88
The right side is bigger so statement 3 is not true.

The test fails so statement 3 cannot be true.
Intern  B
Joined: 11 Apr 2014
Posts: 20
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

SravnaTestPrep wrote:
BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

In this type of problems one should bee able to eliminate choices without any calculation.
I is false and requires simple calculation. If i is false we can eliminate A,B and E without looking in to each.
Among C and D , II is common. So we do not have to check for II. We need to check only for III

clearly b is greater than c because 29/30 > 31/33 ... so sqB - Sq C is never negative
Senior Manager  P
Joined: 10 Apr 2018
Posts: 267
Location: United States (NC)
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

Hi

Well alternate approach for this question could be if we know the theory of numerator inc and decrease.

Imagine XY cordinate plane. positive X axis Numerator Increases , positive Y axis denominator increases, negative x axis numerator decreases and negative y axis denominator decreases.

Let Numerator be N and Denominator be D

So in I quadrant Numerator Inc and Denominator Increases
II quadrant Numerator Decreases and Denominator Increases
III quadrant Numerator decreases and Denominator decreases
IV quadrant Numerator Inc and Denominator Decreases.

Now Just remember II and IV quadrants .
II Quadrant if while comparing fractions numerator decreases and Denominator Increases the fraction decreases.
IV Quadrant if while comparing fractions numerator increases and Denominator decreases the fraction increases.
So in I quadrant N Inc by greater % than D then fraction inc , or if D inc by greater % than N fraction dec
in III quad if N decreases by greater % than D then fraction decreases, or if D decreases by greater % than N the fraction inc.

So back to this question lets arrange denominators in increasing order

So $$\frac {29}{30}$$ , $$\frac {28}{31}$$ , $$\frac {31}{33}$$

Notice in these two fractions $$\frac {29}{30}$$ , $$\frac {28}{31}$$ numerator is decreasing and denominator is increasing so it must be
that $$\frac {29}{30}$$ > $$\frac {28}{31}$$

Now comparing fractions $$\frac {28}{31}$$ , $$\frac {31}{33}$$ we have Numerator increases and denominator increases but here Numerator increases by greater% than denominator so it must be $$\frac {28}{31}$$ < $$\frac {31}{33}$$

If you compare $$\frac {29}{30}$$ & $$\frac {31}{33}$$ here N and D both increase but D increases by greater % than Numerator So fraction dec
so we have

So $$\frac {28}{31}$$ <$$\frac {31}{33}$$ < $$\frac {29}{30}$$

So a<c<b
Now $$\frac {29}{30}$$ is slightly less than 1. lest say b= .98, then other two(a and c ) are less than .98

I. a+b>2a+b>2

Even if a is .97 then also a+b will not be greater than 2.
II. b+c−a>1
.98+0.96- .93 > 1
So true .

III. a+b2−c2>1
Even if b and c are 1 then also the exp doesnt hold good becuase a <1
So not true.

Hence the option D

Probus
_________________
Probus

~You Just Can't beat the person who never gives up~ Babe Ruth
SVP  P
Joined: 03 Jun 2019
Posts: 1755
Location: India
Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?  [#permalink]

Show Tags

BabySmurf wrote:
If $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$, $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$ and $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$. Which of the following is true?

I. $$a+b > 2$$
II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$

(A) I only
(B) I and II
(C) II and III
(D) II only
(E) I, II and III

I didn't understand really how to do this in 2-3 minutes. Is there any quick way to solve this or similar problems? Even creating common denominators for this to figure out II. took me a long time. The only statement I could evaluate quickly was I. as all fractions are smaller than 1 and therefore the sum of a+b is obviously not larger than 2. But I struggled with II. and III. Numerators and denominators are all "around 30". So maybe the trick lies in doing something with that information, or is that on purpose as a distraction? Thanks.

Given:
1. $$a = \frac{28}{31}$$
2. $$b =\frac{29}{30}$$
3. $$c =\frac{31}{33}$$

Asked: Which of the following is true?

Approximations:
$$a = \frac{28}{31}= \frac{27}{30} approx$$
$$b = \frac{29}{30}$$
$$c = \frac{31}{33} = \frac{28}{30} approx$$

I. $$a+b > 2$$
a + b = 27/30 + 29/30 = 56/30 < 2
NOT TRUE

II. $$b+c-a > 1$$
b + c - a = 29/30 + 28/30 - 27/30 = 30/30 = 1
Since approximation does not confirm result
b + c - a = 29/30 + 31/33 - 28/31 = 1 - 1/30 + 1 - 2/33 - (1 - 3/31) = 1 + 3/31 - 1/30 - 2/33 = 1 + 2.9/30 - 1/30 - 1.8/33 = 1 + .1/30 > 1
TRUE

III. $$a + b^2 - c^2 > 1$$
a + (b+c)(b-c) = 27/30 + 57/30 * 1/30 = 27/30 + 19/300 = 28.9/30 < 1
NOT TRUE

IMO D
_________________
"Success is not final; failure is not fatal: It is the courage to continue that counts."

Please provide kudos if you like my post. Kudos encourage active discussions.

My GMAT Resources: -

Efficient Learning
All you need to know about GMAT quant

Tele: +91-11-40396815
Mobile : +91-9910661622
E-mail : kinshook.chaturvedi@gmail.com Re: If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2019, 04:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by

If a = 28/31, b=29/30 and c=31/33. Which of the following is true?

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne  