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Manager  Joined: 23 Oct 2011
Posts: 83
If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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14 00:00

Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 50% (01:21) correct 50% (01:01) wrong based on 12 sessions

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If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is the value of B?

(1) AB + BA = AAC

(2) A = 1.

Attachment: Kaplan.png [ 20.26 KiB | Viewed 3257 times ]

Kaplan Math Workbook (6th Edition) official answer states:

statement 1:
that a sum of a two-digit number plus another two-digit number gives a three-digit number. The sum of 2 two-digit numbers must be less that 200, therefore A must be 1.

Then it concludes that this statement is true only when b=9 ----> Sufficient

Statement 2 is Insufficient (obviously) and therefore the AC is A.

Evaluating the red phrase: it assumes that A and B must be two-digit numbers. Isn't it possible that A=0? Isn't the following addition correct? (B has to equal 0 for it to be correct, but still...)

+ 0 B
+ B 0
-------
0 0 B

Or because no one writes the 0's therefore it implies that A and B can't equal 0?

I would really appreciate any comments.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58335
Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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2
SonyGmat wrote:
Attachment:
Kaplan.png

Kaplan Math Workbook (6th Edition) official answer states:

statement 1:
that a sum of a two-digit number plus another two-digit number gives a three-digit number. The sum of 2 two-digit numbers must be less that 200, therefore A must be 1.

Then it concludes that this statement is true only when b=9 ----> Sufficient

Statement 2 is Insufficient (obviously) and therefore the AC is A.

Evaluating the red phrase: it assumes that A and B must be two-digit numbers. Isn't it possible that A=0? Isn't the following addition correct? (B has to equal 0 for it to be correct, but still...)

+ 0 B
+ B 0
-------
0 0 B

Or because no one writes the 0's therefore it implies that A and B can't equal 0?

I would really appreciate any comments.

I think one thing we can assume safely is that A, B and C are distinct digits.

Next, even if we don't assume that A>0 (because of AB and AAC as you mention) then still A can not be zero as 0B+B0=00C doesn't hold true for any values of B and C (single digit number B plus two-digit number B0 can not equal to C, also a single digit number).

If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is the value of B?

(1) AB + BA = AAC --> well from above A=1 (A can not be more than 1, as the sum of 2 two-digit numbers is always less than 200) --> 1B+B1=11C --> B=9 (B can not be less than 8 as 18+81=99, not a three digit number) --> 19+91=110. Sufficient.

(2) A = 1. Not sufficient.

Hope it helps.
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Manager  Joined: 23 Oct 2011
Posts: 83
Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

I think one thing we can assume safely is that A, B and C are distinct digits.

Thanks for your post Bunuel! +1

why should we assume that they are distinct digits?

Let me try to illustrate my point with another example:

Can the sum of two prime numbers, A and B, be an even number?

Of course it can. If a=b=2 then 2+2=4. It doesn't state that x and y are distinct values, therefore to my understanding, I can assume that they could have the same value.

Now back to my post:

Since the question stem doesn't state that A,B,C are distinct values, why should we assume it? isn't it possible for A=B=C=0?
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58335
Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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1
SonyGmat wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

I think one thing we can assume safely is that A, B and C are distinct digits.

Thanks for your post Bunuel! +1

why should we assume that they are distinct digits?

Let me try to illustrate my point with another example:

Can the sum of two prime numbers, A and B, be an even number?

Of course it can. If a=b=2 then 2+2=4. It doesn't state that x and y are distinct values, therefore to my understanding, I can assume that they could have the same value.

Now back to my post:

Since the question stem doesn't state that A,B,C are distinct values, why should we assume it? isn't it possible for A=B=C=0?

I agree that it would have been better if they mentioned "distinct" in the stem (to avoid confusion in some test-takers). Having said that, in order your case to be valid 1. we shouldn't consider digits to be distinct (which was quite obvious at least for me) and 2. consider 00+00=000 as a proper option, which is too "technical" and non-conventional way of writing digit 0.

Anyway since you understand what was the intended meaning of the question I wouldn't worry about these technicalities at all. On the GMAT you won't see any ambiguous questions at all.
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Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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I have a question about statement number:2]--A=1

If A equals one then B has to be 9 , any other number <9, will not give a carryover figure that is required to get AA or (11)

so I think statement:2 should also be sufficient. Am I missing something here?
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Math Expert V
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Posts: 58335
Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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dentobizz wrote:
I have a question about statement number:2]--A=1

If A equals one then B has to be 9 , any other number <9, will not give a carryover figure that is required to get AA or (11)

so I think statement:2 should also be sufficient. Am I missing something here?

You can not use information given in statement (1) to for statement (2). So, the only thing we know from (2) is that A=1, which is clearly insufficient to answer the question.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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yes it is clear, thank you. I thought the equation given was part of the question.
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Intern  Joined: 31 Oct 2011
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Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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SonyGmat wrote:
Attachment:
Kaplan.png

Kaplan Math Workbook (6th Edition) official answer states:

statement 1:
that a sum of a two-digit number plus another two-digit number gives a three-digit number. The sum of 2 two-digit numbers must be less that 200, therefore A must be 1.

Then it concludes that this statement is true only when b=9 ----> Sufficient

Statement 2 is Insufficient (obviously) and therefore the AC is A.

Evaluating the red phrase: it assumes that A and B must be two-digit numbers. Isn't it possible that A=0? Isn't the following addition correct? (B has to equal 0 for it to be correct, but still...)

+ 0 B
+ B 0
-------
0 0 B

Or because no one writes the 0's therefore it implies that A and B can't equal 0?

I would really appreciate any comments.

The best way to approach this problem is,
1. A and B are interchanged 2 digit number.
2. Most important is, 2 statements cannot contradict each other. Hence A should be equal to 1( Though it is possible that the equation satisfies 1 and any other number). If you plug the number in original equation A= 1 and B =9. Thus A is sufficient.
Also, since A and B are 2 digit number, we can use
10A+10B + 10B + A ===>
11(A+B).
Right hand side must be multiple of 11 and 3 digit number.
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Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: If A, B and C are digits between 0 and 9 inclusive, what is   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2018, 17:34
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