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If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in

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If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2010, 19:02
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Hi, i need hel with these two problems!!!



A). If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in the same quadrant of the xy-plane, is point (-x,y) in the same quadrant?

1)xy>0
2)ax>0



B).In the xy coordinate plane, line L and line K intersect at the point (4,3). Is the product of their slopes negative?

1).The product of the x-intersecets of lines L and K is posstive
2). The product of the y-intersecets of lines L and K is negative

OPEN DISCUSSION OF Q#1 IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/if-ab-0-and- ... 26039.html
OPEN DISCUSSION OF Q#1 IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-the-xy-co ... 93771.html
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Re: If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2010, 21:02
1
I will try to answer the first one

A). If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in the same quadrant of the xy-plane, is point (-x,y) in the same quadrant?

1)xy>0
2)ax>0

if (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in the same quadrant then a and b should have same sign either both +ve or both -ve.
If both a and b are positive then (-a,b) and (-b,a) will be in 2nd quadrant.
If both are negative then they are in 4th quadrant

xy>0 -> Either both x and y are +ve or both x and y are -ve.
So (-x,y) is in 2nd quadrant or 4th quadrant. But there is no relation between a,b and x,y so (-a,b) (-b,a) and (-x,y) may or may not be in the same quadrant. stmt1 is insufficient

ax>0 a and x are both +ve or both -ve. If both positive then (-a,b) (-b,a) are in 2nd and (-x,y) is in 2nd or 3rd
a and x are both -ve then (-a,b) (-b,a) are in 4th and (-x,y) is in 1st or 4th. So again (-x,y) may or may not be in the same quadrant as (-a,b) (-b,a). stmt2 is insufficient

Combining both x and y are of same sign stmt1
a and x are of same sign stmt2
a and b are of same sign problem stem
So a,b,x,y all have same sign.
So (-x,y) is in the same quadrant as (-a,b) and (-b,a).

Answer C
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Re: If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2010, 21:47
1
andresfigue wrote:
Hi, i need hel with these two problems!!!

A). If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in the same quadrant of the xy-plane, is point (-x,y) in the same quadrant?

1)xy>0
2)ax>0


B).In the xy coordinate plane, line L and line K intersect at the point (4,3). Is the product of their slopes negative?

1).The product of the x-intersecets of lines L and K is posstive
2). The product of the y-intersecets of lines L and K is negative


Hi, and welcome to the Gmat Club. Below are the solutions to your questions:

A. If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in the same quadrant of the xy-plane, is point (-x,y) in the same quadrant?

The fact that points \((-a,b)\) and \((-b,a)\) are in the same quadrant means that \(a\) and \(b\) have the same sign. These points can be either in II quadrant, in case \(a\) and \(b\) are both positive, as \((-a,b)=(-,+)=(-b,a)\) OR in IV quadrant, in case they are both negative, as \((-a,b)=(+,-)=(-b,a)\) ("=" sign means here "in the same quadrant").

Now the point \((-x,y)\) will be in the same quadrant if \(x\) has the same sign as \(a\) (or which is the same with \(b\)) AND \(y\) has the same sign as \(a\) (or which is the same with \(b\)). Or in other words if all four: \(a\), \(b\), \(x\), and \(y\) have the same sign.

Note that, only knowing that \(x\) and \(y\) have the same sign won't be sufficient (meaning that \(x\) and \(y\) must have the same sign but their sign must also match with the sign of \(a\) and \(b\)).

(1) \(xy>0\) --> \(x\) and \(y\) have the same sign. Not sufficient.
(2) \(ax>0\) --> \(a\) and \(x\) have the same sign. But we know nothing about \(y\), hence not sufficient.

(1)+(2) \(x\) and \(y\) have the same sign AND \(a\) and \(x\) have the same sign, hence all four \(a\), \(b\), \(x\), and \(y\) have the same sign. Thus point \((-x,y)\) is in the same quadrant as points \((-a,b)\) and \((-b,a)\). Sufficient.

Answer: C.

B. In the xy coordinate plane, line L and line K intersect at the point (4,3). Is the product of their slopes negative?

We have two lines: \(y_l=m_1x+b_1\) and \(y_k=m_2x+b_2\). The question: is \(m_1*m_2<0\)?

Lines intersect at the point (4,3) --> \(3=4m_1+b_1\) and \(3=4m_2+b_2\)

(1) The product of the x-intersects of lines L and K is positive. Now, one of the lines can intersect x-axis at 0<x<4 (positive slope) and another also at 0<x<4 (positive slope), so product of slopes also will be positive BUT it's also possible one line to intersect x-axis at 0<x<4 (positive slope) and another at x>4 (negative slope) and in this case product of slopes will be negative. Two different answers, hence not sufficient.

But from this statement we can deduce the following: x-intersect is value of \(x\) for \(y=0\) and equals to \(x=-\frac{b}{m}\) --> so \((-\frac{b_1}{m_1})*(-\frac{b_2}{m_2})>0\) --> \(\frac{b_1b_2}{m_1m_2}>0\).

(2) The product of the y-intersects of lines L and K is negative. Now, one of the lines can intersect y-axis at 0<y<3 (positive slope) and another at y<0 (positive slope), so product of slopes will also be positive BUT it's also possible one line to intersect y-axis at y<0 (positive slope) and another at y>3 (negative slope) and in this case product of slopes will be negative. Two different answers, hence not sufficient.

But from this statement we can deduce the following: y-intercept is value of \(y\) for \(x=0\) and equals to \(x=b\) --> \(b_1*b_2<0\).

(1)+(2) \(\frac{b_1b_2}{m_1m_2}>0\) and \(b_1*b_2<0\). As numerator in \(\frac{b_1b_2}{m_1m_2}>0\) is negative, then denominator \(m_1m_2\) must also be negative. So \(m_1m_2<0\). Sufficient.

Answer: C.

In fact we arrived to the answer C, without using the info about the intersection point of the lines. So this info is not needed to get C.

For more on coordinate geometry check the link in my signature.
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Re: If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2017, 03:25
andresfigue wrote:
Hi, i need hel with these two problems!!!



A). If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in the same quadrant of the xy-plane, is point (-x,y) in the same quadrant?

1)xy>0
2)ax>0



B).In the xy coordinate plane, line L and line K intersect at the point (4,3). Is the product of their slopes negative?

1).The product of the x-intersecets of lines L and K is posstive
2). The product of the y-intersecets of lines L and K is negative



OPEN DISCUSSION OF Q#1 IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/if-ab-0-and- ... 26039.html
OPEN DISCUSSION OF Q#1 IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-the-xy-co ... 93771.html

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: If ab different from 0 and points (-a,b) and (-b,a) are in &nbs [#permalink] 18 Oct 2017, 03:25
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