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If f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3, which of the following is true for all x?

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If f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3, which of the following is true for all x?  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2018, 03:57
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:53) correct 38% (01:45) wrong based on 144 sessions

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If \(f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3\), which of the following is true for all x?


I. \(2f(x) = f(x - 1) + f(x + 1)\)

II. \(f(2 - x) = f(x)\)

III. \(f(x) = f(-x)\)


A. I only

B. II only

C. III only

D. None

E. I, II and III

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If f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3, which of the following is true for all x?  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Aug 2018, 04:45
B.

I started with III, since it seemed the easiest to find and that wasn't true.
\(f(-x) = (-x-1)^2 + 3 = x^2+1+2x+3 = x^2 + 2x + 4\) NOT equal to \(f(x)\)

So E is out.

Then took II.
\(f(2-x) = (2-x-1)^2 + 3 = (-x+1)^2 + 3\) will be equal to \(f(x)\). Thus, B.

Is there any shorter approach?

Originally posted by greenisthecolor on 03 Aug 2018, 04:24.
Last edited by greenisthecolor on 03 Aug 2018, 04:45, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: If f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3, which of the following is true for all x?  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2018, 04:28
Bunuel wrote:
If \(f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3\), which of the following is true for all x?


I. \(2f(x) = f(x - 1) + f(x + 1)\)

II. \(f(2 - x) = f(x)\)

III. \(f(x) = f(-x)\)


A. I only

B. II only

C. III only

D. None

E. I, II and III


Given, \(f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3\)

I. \(f(x - 1) + f(x + 1)=(x-2)^2+3+x^2+3\)=\(2(x^2-2x+5)=2((x-1)^2+3))+2\)=\(2f(x)+2\neq{2f(x)}\)
II. \(f(2 - x)=(2-x-1)^2+3=(1-x)^2+3=(x-1)^2+3\)=f(x)
III. \(f(-x)=(-x-1)^2+3=x^2+2x+1+3=x^2+2x+4\neq{f(x)}\)

Ans. (B)
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Re: If f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3, which of the following is true for all x?  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 19:36
gmatbusters can we do this question by putting values of x?
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Re: If f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3, which of the following is true for all x?  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 19:49
1
Hi

Substituting values of x to prove that an equation is valid is tricky because sometimes an equation valid for one value of x doesn't satisfy other value of x.
Always use substitute value of x to prove that equation is not valid, it works all the time. ;)
For example: in the given question,

III. \(f(x) = f(-x)\), it is valid for x = 0, but not for x = 2.

hence substituting values is not a good approach for this question.



manjot123 wrote:
gmatbusters can we do this question by putting values of x?

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Re: If f(x) = (x - 1)^2 + 3, which of the following is true for all x? &nbs [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 19:49
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