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If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th

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If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2019, 01:59
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (01:06) correct 26% (01:11) wrong based on 113 sessions

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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2019, 02:09
Given:
I -- 0
II -- 1

1 stm: the fifth term is 0 or 2. insuff
2 stm: the third term is 2. nothing about the fifth term, or the method how we calculate terms. insuff

IMO both statements are not sufficient as well
I will bet on E
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2019, 05:46
Bunuel wrote:
If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th term 2 ?

(1) Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.
(2) The 3rd term is 2.


DS11602.01
OG2020 NEW QUESTION


#1
not sure whether 5th term is 2 or 0 insufficeint
#2
3rd term is 2 ; so 5th term cannot be found no info given
from 1 &2
we cannot determine 5th term;IMO E
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2019, 07:44
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Bunuel wrote:
If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th term 2 ?

(1) Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.
(2) The 3rd term is 2.


DS11602.01
OG2020 NEW QUESTION


Given: term1 = 0 and term2 = 1

Target question: Does term5 equal 2?
Once we scan the two statements, we can probably jump straight to
.
.
.
Statements 1 and 2 combined
There are several possible sequences that satisfy BOTH statements. Here are two:
Case a: {0, 1, 2, 0, 2,...}. In this case, the answer to the target question is YES, term5 IS 2
Case b: {0, 1, 2, 0, 0,...}. In this case, the answer to the target question is NO, term5 is NOT 2
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, the combined statements are NOT SUFFICIENT

Answer: E

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2019, 13:00
Hi All,

We're told that the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1. We're asked if the 5th term in the sequence is 2. To properly answer any sequence question, we need to know the underlying pattern or formula behind it.

(1) Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.

Fact 1 limits the possible values for the 5th term - it can only be 0 or 2. However, we don't know which one it is, so the answer to the question could be NO (if the 5th term is 0) or YES (if the 5th term is 2).
Fact 1 is INSUFFICIENT

(2) The 3rd term is 2.

Fact 2 gives us another term to work with (so we know that the sequence begins with 0, 1, 2...), but this tells us nothing about how the sequence "works", so we cannot deduce the values of any other terms in the sequence.
Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT

Combined, we know...
Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.
The 3rd term is 2.

Even combined, we still don't know what the 5th term is; with two possible values (and 2 different corresponding answers), the answer could be YES OR NO.
Combined, INSUFFICIENT

Final Answer:

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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2019, 17:20
Bunuel wrote:
If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th term 2 ?

(1) Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.
(2) The 3rd term is 2.


DS11602.01
OG2020 NEW QUESTION


We are given that the 1st term of a sequence is 0, and the 2nd term is 1, and we need to determine whether the 5th term is 2.

Statement One Alone:

Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.

Since each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2, the 5th term could be 0 or 2. Statement one alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statement Two Alone:

The 3rd term is 2.

The fact that the 3rd term is 2 does not tell us anything about the 5th term. Statement two alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statements One and Two Together:

With the two statements, we see that the 5th term is either 0 or 2. The two statements together are still not sufficient to answer the question.

Answer: E
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2019, 22:12
ScottTargetTestPrep wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th term 2 ?

(1) Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.
(2) The 3rd term is 2.


DS11602.01
OG2020 NEW QUESTION


We are given that the 1st term of a sequence is 0, and the 2nd term is 1, and we need to determine whether the 5th term is 2.

Statement One Alone:

Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.

Since each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2, the 5th term could be 0 or 2. Statement one alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statement Two Alone:

The 3rd term is 2.

The fact that the 3rd term is 2 does not tell us anything about the 5th term. Statement two alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statements One and Two Together:

With the two statements, we see that the 5th term is either 0 or 2. The two statements together are still not sufficient to answer the question.

Answer: E


For statement 2

1st is 0
2nd is 1

and 3rd is 2

so we have 1-0=2-1= 1

so it is an AP with First term a = 0 and d = 1 ?

so we calculate 5th term of this series ....

Could you correct me on this doubt ...

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2019, 14:31
Hi m1033512,

Since we do not know the 'formula' behind this sequence, the information in Fact 2 is not enough to conclusively prove how the sequence works. By extension, we don't know for sure what the 5th term would be.

If the first three terms are 0, 1 and 2, then it's POSSIBLE that we're dealing with an Arithmetic sequence that increases by 1 (meaning the next few terms would be 3, 4, 5, 6, etc). However, it's also POSSIBLE that we're dealing with a variation on a Fibonnaci sequence. For example, what if each term - after the second term - is equal to twice the sum of the prior two terms. In this situation, the sequence would be:

1st = 0
2nd = 1
3rd = (2)(0+1) = 2
4th = (2)(1+2) = 6
5th = (2)(2+6) = 16

Thus, Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT.

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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2019, 18:21
m1033512 wrote:
ScottTargetTestPrep wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th term 2 ?

(1) Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.
(2) The 3rd term is 2.


DS11602.01
OG2020 NEW QUESTION


We are given that the 1st term of a sequence is 0, and the 2nd term is 1, and we need to determine whether the 5th term is 2.

Statement One Alone:

Each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2.

Since each odd-numbered term is either 0 or 2, the 5th term could be 0 or 2. Statement one alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statement Two Alone:

The 3rd term is 2.

The fact that the 3rd term is 2 does not tell us anything about the 5th term. Statement two alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statements One and Two Together:

With the two statements, we see that the 5th term is either 0 or 2. The two statements together are still not sufficient to answer the question.

Answer: E


For statement 2

1st is 0
2nd is 1

and 3rd is 2

so we have 1-0=2-1= 1

so it is an AP with First term a = 0 and d = 1 ?

so we calculate 5th term of this series ....

Could you correct me on this doubt ...

Posted from my mobile device


Knowing the first term is 0, second is 1 and third is 2, doesn’t make the sequence an AP since we don’t know anything about the rest of the terms. For example, if the fourth term is 100, then it’s definitely not an AP.
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2019, 01:54
Bunuel if a3=2 then don't you think 0,1,2 will form an A.P? then answer should be B
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If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 14 May 2019, 23:31

Solution



Steps 1 & 2: Understand Question and Draw Inferences

In this question, we are given
    • In a given sequence, the 1st term is 0 and the 2nd term is 1.

We need to determine
    • In that sequence, whether the 5th term is 2 or not.

As we do not have any information about the other elements present in the sequence or the pattern followed within the elements, let us now analyse the individual statements.

Step 3: Analyse Statement 1

As per the information given in statement 1, each odd numbered term in the sequence is either 0 or 2.
    • Hence, the 5th element can be either 0 or 2.
    • But we can’t definitely say whether it is 2 or not.

Hence, statement 1 is not sufficient to answer the question.

Step 4: Analyse Statement 2

As per the information given in statement 2, the 3rd term is 2.
    • However, from this statement we do not get any pertinent information about the 5th term.

Hence, statement 2 is not sufficient to answer the question.

Step 5: Combine Both Statements Together (If Needed)

From both statements 1 and 2 together, we get
    • The 5th element can be either 0 or 2.
    • The 3rd element is 2.

However, even after combining the statements, we cannot conclude whether 5th element is 2 or not.

Hence, the correct answer choice is option E.

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Originally posted by EgmatQuantExpert on 14 May 2019, 05:32.
Last edited by EgmatQuantExpert on 14 May 2019, 23:31, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2019, 19:15
1
gmat8998 wrote:
Bunuel if a3=2 then don't you think 0,1,2 will form an A.P? then answer should be B


Hi gmat8998,

Unfortunately, having 3 terms in a sequence is not enough to define the sequence. Since we do not know the 'formula' behind this sequence, the information in Fact 2 is not enough to conclusively prove how the sequence works. By extension, we don't know for sure what the 5th term would be.

If the first three terms are 0, 1 and 2, then it's POSSIBLE that we're dealing with an Arithmetic sequence that increases by 1 (meaning the next few terms would be 3, 4, 5, 6, etc). However, it's also POSSIBLE that we're dealing with a variation on a Fibonnaci sequence. For example, what if each term - after the second term - is equal to twice the sum of the prior two terms. In this situation, the sequence would be:

1st = 0
2nd = 1
3rd = (2)(0+1) = 2
4th = (2)(1+2) = 6
5th = (2)(2+6) = 16

Thus, Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT.

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Rich
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2019, 00:08
Bunuel Hey!
Didn't really think about a Fibonnaci.I thought that only AP/GP/HP is tested here :)
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Re: If the 1st term of a sequence is 0 and the 2nd term is 1, is the 5th   [#permalink] 16 May 2019, 00:08
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