GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 22 Oct 2019, 09:41

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3574
If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Feb 2019, 12:04
1
4
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (01:03) correct 25% (00:54) wrong based on 267 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Project SC Butler: Day 99 Sentence Correction (SC1)

If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce buds is caused by something other than the placement of the seeds and the moisture level of the soil.

A) If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce buds

B) The plant's failure to produce buds—if the botanist were to be correct—such

C) If the botanist's theory were correct, the plant's failure to produce buds

D) Having failed to produce buds, if the botanist's theory is correct, the plant

E) If the botanist's theory is correct, the plant's failure to produce buds

Source: PowerScore

The best or excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
More than one award of kudos is possible.

_________________
SC Butler has resumed! Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.

Instructions for living a life. Pay attention. Be astonished. Tell about it. -- Mary Oliver
Intern
Joined: 14 Jan 2018
Posts: 49
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q50 V29
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Feb 2019, 13:44
If conditional (simple past ) then (simple past or would )
In non underlined part tense is simple present ( is)
A) If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce buds
Incorrect
B) The plant's failure to produce buds—if the botanist were to be correct—such
Incorrect
C) If the botanist's theory were correct, the plant's failure to produce buds
Incorrect
D) Having failed to produce buds, if the botanist's theory is correct, the plant
changes the meaning
E) If the botanist's theory is correct, the plant's failure to produce buds
Correct Simple present
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2015
Posts: 155
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q47 V39
GPA: 3.7
Re: If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Feb 2019, 18:07
1
IMO E

If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce buds is caused by something other than the placement of the seeds and the moisture level of the soil.

If clause (past) ---> other clause (would, could, etc)
and
If clause (present) ---> other clause (present)

Here the non-underlined part (other clause) is in ''present tense'' hence require the if clause to be in ''present tense''

A) If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce buds
If clause should be ''present tense''

B) The plant's failure to produce buds—if the botanist were to be correct—such
If clause should be in present tense also ''such'' at the end of underlined part distorts meaning

C) If the botanist's theory were correct, the plant's failure to produce buds
''were'' is incorrect, theory is singular

D) Having failed to produce buds, if the botanist's theory is correct, the plant
Distorts meaning - plant is not caused by ......, ''plants failure to produce is caused by.....''

E) If the botanist's theory is correct, the plant's failure to produce buds
correct
Manager
Joined: 25 Aug 2016
Posts: 64
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Feb 2019, 21:15
The Underlined part must use Simple present instead of so please past, as the theory quotes by the botonist is still valid.ao, the correct option must use Simple present- is instead of was.
The only option that fits in correctly is Option E.

Posted from my mobile device
Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3574
If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Feb 2019, 12:29

Project SC Butler: Day 99 Sentence Correction (SC1)

If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failureto produce buds is caused by something other than the placement of the seeds and the moisture level of the soil.

A) If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce buds
B) The plant's failure to produce buds—if the botanist were to be correct—such
C) If the botanist's theory were correct, the plant's failure to produce buds
D) Having failed to produce buds, if the botanist's theory is correct, the plant
E) If the botanist's theory is correct, the plant's failure to produce buds

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION
My annotations are in blue typeface.

• Notice that the verb in the result clause [of the conditional sentence] is not underlined [and is in the present tense].
[Use this correct portion of the sentence to guide you in choosing the correct verb for the IF clause.]

• This present tense verb should clue you in to the fact that the sentence is a zero conditional.

• It is a statement of fact, and thus the verb in the conditional [IF] clause should also have a present tense verb.

• The correct answer is E

ANALYSIS

• When we see an IF clause such as If the botanist's theory, we should start looking for verb tense issues.

• IF/THEN sentences are conditional statements: if X, then Y.
(Other statements that do not explicitly use the words if and then can also be conditional statements.)

• A zero conditional is a general truth or a statement of fact. A zero conditional can also be used to
give instructions, and in that case the result clause will have an imperative verb tense:
If this thing happens, then that thing happens.

Examples
-- If he gets stung by a bee, he develops a severe allergic reaction.
-- Hypothermia is a dangerous medical condition in which the human body loses heat faster than the body can produce heat.
-- If an oil fire occurs in your kitchen, do not use water to put the fire out.

• Zero conditionals
-- The if statement is called the condition.
The conditional if statement can be implied, as in the second part of the example above ("if the human body loses heater faster than")
-- The result clause is sometimes called the main clause

-- The verb tenses are always: IF (simple present) and THEN/result (simple present)

• Zero conditionals are the only conditional in which the result clause is in simple present tense.

• This question expresses a scientific truth, a statement of fact.
The non-underlined result states that the failure . . . is caused. The verb phrase is caused tells us that we have a zero conditional.

The IF clause must also use simple present tense.

• Errors in the options
Options A, B, and C do not use simple present tense.

Option D is a hot mess.
It looks as if it has the correct verb, but option D has modifier, meaning, and logic errors.
-- Introductory verbING phrases must always modify the subject that follows the introductory phrase
Having failed to produce buds, . . . the scientist's theory
A theory can neither produce nor fail to produce flower buds.

-- meaning? Nonsensical.
Correct meaning: The cause of the failure is something other than X and Y

-- check for logical sequence in IF/THEN statements. (In this example, dumb logic is easy to spot.)
A plant is not caused by something other than the placement of the seeds and the moisture level of the soil.
A plant's failure to produce buds is caused by by something other than the placement of the seeds and the moisture level of the soil.

• Option E is correct.

_________________
SC Butler has resumed! Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.

Instructions for living a life. Pay attention. Be astonished. Tell about it. -- Mary Oliver
If the botanists's theory was correct, the plant's failure to produce   [#permalink] 16 Feb 2019, 12:29
Display posts from previous: Sort by