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# If the purpose of laws is to contribute to people's happiness

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Manager
Joined: 17 May 2015
Posts: 245
If the purpose of laws is to contribute to people's happiness  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2017, 05:23
1
5
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (02:00) correct 52% (02:06) wrong based on 131 sessions

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If the purpose of laws is to contribute to people's happiness, we have a basis for criticizing existing laws as well as proposing new laws. Hence, if that is not the purpose, then we have no basis for the evaluation of existing laws, from which we must conclude that existing laws acquire legitimacy simply because they are the laws.

The reasoning in the argument is flawed in that the argument

(A) takes a sufficient condition for a state of affairs to be a necessary condition for it

(B) infers a causal relationship from the mere presence of a correlation

(C) trades on the use of a term in one sense in a premise and in a different sense in the conclusion

(D) draws a conclusion about how the world actually is on the basis of claims about how it should be

(E) infers that because a set of things has a certain property, each member of that set has the property

Source: LSAT
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8281
Re: If the purpose of laws is to contribute to people's happiness  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2017, 05:15
1
ganand wrote:
If the purpose of laws is to contribute to people's happiness, we have a basis for criticizing existing laws as well as proposing new laws. Hence, if that is not the purpose, then we have no basis for the evaluation of existing laws, from which we must conclude that existing laws acquire legitimacy simply because they are the laws.

The reasoning in the argument is flawed in that the argument

(A) takes a sufficient condition for a state of affairs to be a necessary condition for it

(B) infers a causal relationship from the mere presence of a correlation

(C) trades on the use of a term in one sense in a premise and in a different sense in the conclusion

(D) draws a conclusion about how the world actually is on the basis of claims about how it should be

(E) infers that because a set of things has a certain property, each member of that set has the property

Source: LSAT

If you are clear with implications of ...
IF A , THEN B... then answer is right there

The para argument is ..
If A then B. If not A, then not B.

However, what does " if A then B.... MEANS if not B then not A
So B can happen without A too and A is just ONE reason and not the ONLY..

Choice A gives this very flaw ..
Ans A
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Re: If the purpose of laws is to contribute to people's happiness  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2019, 08:54
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: If the purpose of laws is to contribute to people's happiness   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2019, 08:54
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