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If x ≠ 0 and x^2z – 4xy + y = 0, what is the value of z ? [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
If \(x ≠ 0\) and \(x^2z – 4xy + y = 0\), what is the value of z ?


(1) \(z = 32x\)

(2) \(z = 4y\)



DS20378


Are You Up For the Challenge: 700 Level Questions


\(x^2z – 4xy + y = 0\)

Each statement is not sufficient alone so lets see if the two statements combined are sufficient:

\(x^2(32x) – xz + y = 0\)
\(32x^3 – 32x^2 + 8x = 0\)
\(8x(4x^2 – 32x + 1) = 0\)
\(x(2x^2 – 1)^2 = 0\)

\(x = \frac{1}{2}\) and \(z = 16\). SUFFICIENT.

Answer is C.
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Re: If x ≠ 0 and x^2z – 4xy + y = 0, what is the value of z ? [#permalink]
nick1816 wrote:
Statement 1-

\(x^2z – 4xy + y = 0\)

\(x^2*32x -4xy +y = 0\)

We can't find x or z using the above equation.

Insufficient

Statement 2-

\(x^2z – 4xy + y = 0\)

\(x^2*4y – 4xy + y = 0\)

y( 4x^2 - 4x+1) = 0

y(2x-1)^2 = 0

either y= 0 or x= 1/2

If y = 0, we can find z.
If x=1/2, we can't find z.

Insufficient

Combining both equations

1. If y=0, then x=0 (reject this case)

2. If x = 1/2; x= 16

Sufficient










Bunuel wrote:
If \(x ≠ 0\) and \(x^2z – 4xy + y = 0\), what is the value of z ?


(1) \(z = 32x\)

(2) \(z = 4y\)



DS20378

Why when y=0 we cannot find z?
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If x ≠ 0 and x^2z – 4xy + y = 0, what is the value of z ? [#permalink]
Expert Reply
ubertu

He wrote "we CAN find z"

Originally posted by TestPrepUnlimited on 17 Dec 2020, 21:26.
Last edited by TestPrepUnlimited on 17 Dec 2020, 21:35, edited 1 time in total.
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If x ≠ 0 and x^2z – 4xy + y = 0, what is the value of z ? [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Bunuel wrote:
If \(x ≠ 0\) and \(x^2z – 4xy + y = 0\), what is the value of z ?


(1) \(z = 32x\)

(2) \(z = 4y\)



Note we have 3 variables and only one equation. The expectation is we need at least 3 equations at least to solve for z.

Statement 1:

We can kick z out of the equation and search for x instead now. The equation is \(32x^3 - 4xy + y = 0\) which still has 2 variables, insufficient.

Statement 2:

Again replace z and find y instead now. The equation is \(4x^2y - 4xy + y = 0\). We are able to factor this into \(y*(4x^2 - 4x + 1) = y*(2x - 1)^2 = 0\). We cannot tell what y is when \(2x - 1 = 0\) so insufficient.

Combined:

Combined we have \(z =32x = 4y\), so we have \(y = 8x\). Let us take the easier equation from statement 2, plug in \(y = 8x\) to get \(8x*(2x - 1)^2 = 0\). We cannot have x = 0 as the question mentions x cannot be 0. Then we can only have \((2x - 1)^2 = 0\) and \(2x - 1 = 0\). Sufficient as finding x gives us y and z.

Ans: C
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Re: If x ≠ 0 and x^2z – 4xy + y = 0, what is the value of z ? [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Forget the conventional way to solve DS questions.

We will solve this DS question using the variable approach.

DS question with 3 variables and 1 Equation: Let the original condition in a DS question contain 3 variables and 1 Equation. Now, we know that each condition (1) and (2) would usually give us an equation each and we need 2 equations to match the numbers of variables and equations in the original condition, therefore the most likely answer is C.

To master the Variable Approach, visit https://www.mathrevolution.com and check our lessons and proven techniques to score high in DS questions.

Let’s apply the 3 steps suggested previously. [Watch lessons on our website to master these 3 steps]

Step 1 of the Variable Approach: Modifying and rechecking the original condition and the question.

We have to find value of 'z' .

=> \(x^2z - 4xy + y = 0\)

Second and the third step of Variable Approach: From the original condition, we have 3 variables (x, y, and z) + 1 equation (x^2z - 4xy + y = 0) .To match the number of variables with the number of equations, we need 2 equations. Since conditions (1) and (2) will provide 1 equation each, C would most likely be the answer.

Let's take both conditions together.

From condition(1), z = 32x and from the condition(2) z = 4y

=> z = 32x = 4y

=> 4y = 32x or y = 8x

=> \(x^2 * 32x - 4x(8x) + (8x) = 0\)

=> \(32x^3 - 32x^2 + 8x = 0 \)

=> \(8x (4x^2 - 4x + 1) = 0\)

=> \(8x (2x - 1)^2 = 0\)

=> 'x' is not equal to zero and hence, \((2x - 1)^2 = 0\)

=> \((2x - 1)^2 = 0\) or x = \(\frac{1}{2}\).

Therefore, z = 32x = 32 * \(\frac{1}{2}\) = 16

Since the answer is unique, both conditions together are sufficient by CMT 2.


So, C is the correct answer.

Answer: C
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Re: If x 0 and x^2z 4xy + y = 0, what is the value of z ? [#permalink]
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Re: If x 0 and x^2z 4xy + y = 0, what is the value of z ? [#permalink]
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