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Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us

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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2016, 04:32
None of the choices is fitting in. it is not clear who imported the moth. Whether the scientist imported it or he used it after the moth was imported remains a thorn in the flesh. Not a sound question.
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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 22:29
Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

A. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
WRONG:- "Attempt at" is not as idiomatic as "Attempt to"

B. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, a French scientist was attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
WRONG:- Incorrect Placement of modifier make it seem that "A French scientist was imported"


C. To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms, in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist in 1869 imported the gypsy moth into Massachusetts from Europe.
WRONG:- Awkward and wordy with repetition of "gypsy moth". "in attempting" is not elegant.

D. The gypsy moth was imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869 by a French scientist attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
CORRECT:- Perfect. Correct modifiers. correct meaning and composition.

E. In an attempt at the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist, importing the gypsy moth from Europe into Massachusetts in 1869 in order to cross gypsy moths and adult silkworms.[/quote]
WRONG:- "Attempt at" is a awkward/wrong modifier "Attempt to" is better. "Importing" is the wrong tense.


sivasanjeev wrote:
Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

A. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
B. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, a French scientist was attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
C. To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms, in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist in 1869 imported the gypsy moth into Massachusetts from Europe.
D. The gypsy moth was imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869 by a French scientist attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
E. In an attempt at the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist, importing the gypsy moth from Europe into Massachusetts in 1869 in order to cross gypsy moths and adult silkworms.

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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 22:32
Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

A. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
WRONG:- "Attempt at" is not as idiomatic as "Attempt to"

B. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, a French scientist was attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
WRONG:- Incorrect Placement of modifier make it seem that "A French scientist was imported"


C. To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms, in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist in 1869 imported the gypsy moth into Massachusetts from Europe.
WRONG:- Awkward and wordy with repetition of "gypsy moth". "in attempting" is not elegant.

D. The gypsy moth was imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869 by a French scientist attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
CORRECT:- Perfect. Correct modifiers. correct meaning and composition.

E. In an attempt at the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist, importing the gypsy moth from Europe into Massachusetts in 1869 in order to cross gypsy moths and adult silkworms.[/quote]
WRONG:- "Attempt at" is a awkward/wrong modifier "Attempt to" is better. "Importing" is the wrong tense.



rohansherry wrote:
Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French
scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing
gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

A. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a
French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing
insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
B. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, a French scientist was
attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy
moths with adult silkworms.
C. To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms, in attempting the development of a
strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist in 1869 imported the
gypsy moth into Massachusetts from Europe.
D. The gypsy moth was imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869 by a
French scientist attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by
crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
E. In an attempt at the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a
French scientist, importing the gypsy moth from Europe into Massachusetts in
1869 in order to cross gypsy moths and adult silkworms.

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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 00:33
A. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
B. Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, a French scientist was attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
C. To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms, in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist in 1869 imported the gypsy moth into Massachusetts from Europe.
D. The gypsy moth was imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869 by a French scientist attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
E. In an attempt at the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist, importing the gypsy moth from Europe into Massachusetts in 1869 in order to cross gypsy moths and adult silkworms.
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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 21:15
Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(A) Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(B) Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, a French scientist was attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(C) To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms, in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist in 1869 imported the gypsy moth into Massachusetts from Europe.

(D) The gypsy moth was imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869 by a French scientist attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(E) In an attempt at the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist, importing the gypsy moth from Europe into Massachusetts in 1869 in order to cross gypsy moths and adult silkworms.
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Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 16:02
Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(A) Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in a attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
- No information about "who imported the Gypsy Moth"
- "Attempt at" is an incorrect idiom


(B) Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, a French scientist was attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
- A French scientist was not that imported into Massachusetts, but the Gypsy Moths was


(C) To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms, in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist in 1869 imported the gypsy moth into Massachusetts from Europe.
- Awkward


(D) The gypsy moth was imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869 by a French scientist attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.
- "Attempting" correctly modifies "A French scientist"
- "Attempting to" is correct idiom


(E) In an attempt at the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist, importing the gypsy moth from Europe into Massachusetts in 1869 in order to cross gypsy moths and adult silkworms.
- Subject "A French scientist" does not have a Verb pair
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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 03:43
C is wrong according to me for the below two reasons
1. A prepositional phrase "To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms" should touch what it is modifying, but in option C it is followed by a modifier.
2. We don't know what the modifier "in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects" is modifying. It can modify the previous phrase or the following clause. Completely wrong

Although Option D is in passive voice, it is the best choice

@Experts, please correct me if I am wrong. Thanks
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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 04:46
pikolo2510 wrote:
C is wrong according to me for the below two reasons
1. A prepositional phrase "To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms" should touch what it is modifying, but in option C it is followed by a modifier.
2. We don't know what the modifier "in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects" is modifying. It can modify the previous phrase or the following clause. Completely wrong

Although Option D is in passive voice, it is the best choice

@Experts, please correct me if I am wrong. Thanks



Hello pikolo2510,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

In choice C, to cross is not a prepositional phrase because prepositions can only be followed by a noun. The phrase to cross is a to verb phrase, commonly used on GMAT SC to present the purpose/intent of an action.


Choice C is incorrect for many reasons.

i. The expression in attempting the development is not idiomatic. The better expression is in an attempt to develop.
ii. Choice C seems to suggest that the French scientists brought the gypsy moth to the US with the purpose to cross it with adult silkworms. But the context of the sentence clearly conveys that the gypsy moth was brought to the US with the purpose to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2017, 02:07
egmat wrote:
pikolo2510 wrote:
C is wrong according to me for the below two reasons
1. A prepositional phrase "To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms" should touch what it is modifying, but in option C it is followed by a modifier.
2. We don't know what the modifier "in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects" is modifying. It can modify the previous phrase or the following clause. Completely wrong

Although Option D is in passive voice, it is the best choice

@Experts, please correct me if I am wrong. Thanks



Hello pikolo2510,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

In choice C, to cross is not a prepositional phrase because prepositions can only be followed by a noun. The phrase to cross is a to verb phrase, commonly used on GMAT SC to present the purpose/intent of an action.


Choice C is incorrect for many reasons.

i. The expression in attempting the development is not idiomatic. The better expression is in an attempt to develop.
ii. Choice C seems to suggest that the French scientists brought the gypsy moth to the US with the purpose to cross it with adult silkworms. But the context of the sentence clearly conveys that the gypsy moth was brought to the US with the purpose to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Thanks for your reply Shraddha egmat

Your explanation did clear a few doubts in my head

But, I have the below two questions
1. What should follow / precede such verb phrases ? The noun / noun phrase it is modifying?
2. When we have construction such as "preposition +verbing" , do we consider them as verbing modifiers ? I have seen a GMATPrep example in which "preposition + verbing" are considered verbing modifiers.
3. Also can such "preposition +verbing" modifier modify "verb phrase"?

Please correct me if I am wrong. :-)
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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2017, 02:27
pikolo2510 wrote:

Thanks for your reply Shraddha egmat

Your explanation did clear a few doubts in my head

But, I have the below two questions
1. What should follow / precede such verb phrases ? The noun / noun phrase it is modifying?
2. When we have construction such as "preposition +verbing" , do we consider them as verbing modifiers ? I have seen a GMATPrep example in which "preposition + verbing" are considered verbing modifiers.

Please correct me if I am wrong. :-)



Hello pikolo2510,

Thank you for your query. :-)


1. Generally, a to verb phrase is preceded by either a verb or noun entity.

Essentially, the structure is either S + V + to verb OR S + V + O + to verb

What precedes to verb will depend upon the verb in the to verb and the context of the sentence.

But we really need not worry about these nuances as the context of the sentence will help us to understand whether a to verb phrase has been used correctly in a sentence or not.



2. The construction that you are talking about is not possible because prepositions are ONLY followed by noun entities. They cannot be followed by a verb-ing modifier.

Probably, what you saw was the verb-ing noun form after the preposition.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2018, 22:41
GMATNinja,

Why option a is wrong?
Please help.
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Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2019, 11:11
Propitious wrote:
GMATNinja,

Why option a is wrong?
Please help.

Typically, when we have the following construction, CLAUSE + COMMA + VERB-ing, the verb-ing modifier will describe the previous clause, or provide additional information about the action performed in this clause.

Take a simple example: "Tina tormented her German Shepherd for hours, tying its legs together and placing a delicious morsel morsel of meat just beyond its snout." Here "tying" is providing additional information about the previous clause, telling us how Tina tormented her dog. The important thing to note is that it makes sense that Tina, the subject of the modified clause, is the one doing the tying here.

Contrast this example with what we have in (A), "The gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms." Now "crossing" modifies the previous clause, but because the subject of that clause is "the gypsy moth" it sounds as though the gypsy moth is crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms! Fine for a science fiction novel, but not for the GMAT. It makes far more sense to write that the French scientist is the one cross-breeding insects.

So we can eliminate (A) because its meaning is illogical.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 08:29
rohansherry wrote:
Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(A) Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was used by a French scientist in an attempt at developing a strong strain of silk-producing insects, crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(B) Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, a French scientist was attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(C) To cross gypsy moths with adult silkworms, in attempting the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist in 1869 imported the gypsy moth into Massachusetts from Europe.

(D) The gypsy moth was imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869 by a French scientist attempting to develop a strong strain of silk-producing insects by crossing gypsy moths with adult silkworms.

(E) In an attempt at the development of a strong strain of silk-producing insects, a French scientist, importing the gypsy moth from Europe into Massachusetts in 1869 in order to cross gypsy moths and adult silkworms.


look at choice C
"in attempting..." is a middle modifier. this modifier can modify a clause before or after it. this mean the modifier can modify "to cross..." or "a French scientist imported". but by logic this modifier can only modify " a french scienctist....."

but choice C still suffer an error. " to cross...." modifies " a French scientist ..." but it is far from " a French scientist imported...." this is wrong.

if we see a choice "akward" , we have to find the error which make us feel akward because "akwark" is not a kind of error but our feeling .
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Re: Imported into Massachusetts from Europe in 1869, the gypsy moth was us   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 08:29

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