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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of

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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2019, 22:23
I would like to know why in the option E ,the " proclamation" can be seen as the action of the subject "The Olympic Games"?
Is this sentence---"I remember it by heart" same as the sentence above?

thanks very much!
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The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2019, 07:29
Dear Experts,

I have gone through all the posts in this thread but I have doubt regarding:
"The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states"

How can Olympic games "Help"?
it should be "the organizing of Olympic games helped"

Above point is similar to reasoning provided that for option B: "proclaiming" can not be done by Olympic Games(logical)

Kindly clarify

Thanks in advance
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2019, 19:07
1
priyanshu14 wrote:
Dear Experts,

I have gone through all the posts in this thread but I have doubt regarding:
"The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states"

How can Olympic games "Help"?
it should be "the organizing of Olympic games helped"

Above point is similar to reasoning provided that for option B: "proclaiming" can not be done by Olympic Games(logical)

Kindly clarify

Thanks in advance
EMPOWERgmatVerbal generis GMATNinja VeritasKarishma

There's no reason to expend any energy attempting to understand if the non-underlined portion is correct. We can't change it!

But for what it's worth, the usage is similar to the following:

    "Basketball helped Kara deal with her despair after baseball season ended."

In this case, the sentence conveys the notion that it was "watching basketball" or "playing basketball" that helped Kara in her time of need, not that the sport itself was taking long therapeutic strolls with Kara. The point here is that "ABSTRACT NOUN DID X" is a fairly common construction in English, but it's rarely a decision point on the GMAT -- and it's absolutely never a problem if it's not underlined. :)

I hope that helps!
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 20:53
For option B, why can't proclaiming modify the action of helped in the previous clause? Explaining how the Olympic game helped the peace?
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 23:09
Meisme wrote:
For option B, why can't proclaiming modify the action of helped in the previous clause? Explaining how the Olympic game helped the peace?

Yes, but the agent of proclaiming would continue to be Olympic Games, making option B untenable.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Present Participial phrase, its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2019, 06:48
GMATNinja Quoting you from a post on another question, "The easiest way to assess whether a COMMA + VERB-ing construction works is to recognize that the VERB-ing modifier could be performing one of two functions. It could A) be giving you a consequence of the action given in the previous clause or B) giving you context for the action in the previous clause."

It seems to me as if VERB-ing in answer choice B is performing function B. Please correct me if I am wrong here. Also, it would help immensely if you explain why B is wrong. Thank you.
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2019, 05:58
mikemcgarry wrote:
skamal7 wrote:
The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month.

I'm happy to help with this. :-)
This is GMAT SC #60 in the OG13.

(A) world in that a sacred truce was proclaimed during the festival's month
The OG feels that the phrase "in that" is somewhat stilted and over-formal. It does use two words where one would suffice. This one is not black & white wrong, but more a shade of gray. If all the other answers were clearly wrong, this probably could pass as a correct anwer.

(B) world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival’s month
Misplaced modifier. The world isn't "proclaiming", so who is? The games? the states? The GMAT doesn't like ambiguity. Also, this sentence has two distinct actions, so it would be best phrased as two full [noun] + [verb] clauses, and this option casts the second half of the sentence as a participial phrase rather than as a clause. This is wrong.

(C) world when they proclaimed a sacred truce for the festival month
A pronoun with unclear antecedent --- does "they" mean the states? the games? the people of Greece (not mentioned explicitly --- another no-no for antecedents on the GMAT!). The antecedent of the pronoun "they" is ambiguity. On GMAT SC, ambiguity = death. This is wrong.

(D) world, for a sacred truce was proclaimed during the month of the festival
Very clear. We have two full clauses, joined by the conjunction "for" (which means "because"), thus making clear the causal link between the two actions. This is sleek, efficient, and direct ---- a very strong answer.

(E) world by proclamation of a sacred truce that was for the month of the festival
A winner of the flabby awkward Olympics! This changes the verb "proclaimed" to a noun "proclamation", and almost invariably, this is the GMAT's strategy for changing a correct answer into a wrong answer. Whenever a verb is re-written as a noun, that almost always makes the sentence more awkward, less direct, and more wordy --- that's exactly what we have here. This version is an unholy abomination that should be taken out back and shot. This is incorrect.

Again, if everything else failed, we might go with (A) in a pinch, but here, (D) is a much stronger answer --- clearly (D) is the best possible answer here.

Mike :-)


I rejected D because it changed the original meaning of the sentence from a qualifier relationship to a causal relationship. Please guide How i could have prevented this error from happening ?
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2019, 16:26
Quote:
I rejected D because it changed the original meaning of the sentence from a qualifier relationship to a causal relationship. Please guide How i could have prevented this error from happening ?

A friendly public service announcement: SC answer choices are never incorrect because they change the "original" meaning. There is no original meaning. There are simply five different ways to write a sentence, and our job is to select the best of those five. Moreover, if the meaning in (A) were illogical, you'd want to change the meaning.

"In that" means something to the effect of "in the sense that." We'd be most likely to use that construction to help explain an unclear or non-literal concept.

Here, there's nothing unclear or non-literal about the concept of keeping peace. It makes far more sense to explain why the Olympic games helped to keep peace, as (D) does, then to provide additional information about what keeping peace means, as we see in (A). Because (D) is more logical, it's better. It doesn't matter which came first.

I hope that helps!
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2019, 16:36
nuroahdfj567 wrote:
GMATNinja Quoting you from a post on another question, "The easiest way to assess whether a COMMA + VERB-ing construction works is to recognize that the VERB-ing modifier could be performing one of two functions. It could A) be giving you a consequence of the action given in the previous clause or B) giving you context for the action in the previous clause."

It seems to me as if VERB-ing in answer choice B is performing function B. Please correct me if I am wrong here. Also, it would help immensely if you explain why B is wrong. Thank you.

Here's the full sentence, with (B) inserted into it:

Quote:
(B) The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of the Greek world, proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival’s month.

Yeah, I think it's fair to say that "proclaiming a sacred truce during the festival's month" is trying to give us context for the action in the previous clause. But it's pretty confusing: who, exactly, is doing the proclaiming? Are the Olympic Games themselves proclaiming a truce? The "Greek world"? I don't think either of those make much sense.

Notice that (D) avoids the issue completely: "a truce was proclaimed" is passive voice, but at least it's not illogical.

The other issue I see with (B) is the possessive phrase "festival's month". How does a festival possess a month? That doesn't make much sense, either.

To be fair, I think this is a pretty darned tough question. I think (D) sounds like hot garbage, but sound doesn't matter on GMAT SC, right?

I hope this helps a bit!
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Re: The Olympic Games helped to keep peace among the pugnacious states of   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2019, 16:36

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