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In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in

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In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2020, 02:20
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In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in France, criticizing in a pamphlet that the French people have abstract and impractical impulses concerning the revolution.

A. criticizing in a pamphlet that the French people have abstract and impractical impulses

B. criticizing in a pamphlet that abstract and impractical impulses are had by the French people

C. a pamphlet that critiques the abstract and impractical impulses of the French people

D. a pamphlet that was critiquing the French people's abstract and impractical impulses

E. a pamphlet that criticized the French people for their abstract and impractical impulses

Source - Ready4Gmat

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Re: In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2020, 02:39
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In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in France, criticizing in a pamphlet that the French people have abstract and impractical impulses concerning the revolution.

The replacement of the word criticizing by critiquing is either neither revealing nor convincing. Critiquing is a comprehensive evaluation of the goods vis-a-vis the bads, whereas criticizing may simply be only exposing the bad. It is not clear whether the replacement is deliberate or inconsequential.

A. criticizing in a pamphlet that the French people have abstract and impractical impulses --- ‘have’ is no good for a past happening.

B. criticizing in a pamphlet that abstract and impractical impulses are had by the French people --- ‘are had’ is out of tune with the past event.

C. a pamphlet that critiques the abstract and impractical impulses of the French people--- critiques is the wrong tense for a past happening. It is not clear whether the author wants us to reject this choice because of the word ‘critique’.

D. a pamphlet that was critiquing the French people's abstract and impractical impulses – use of past progressive tense is incongruous.

E. a pamphlet that criticized the French people for their abstract and impractical impulses ----the correct choice.
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In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 10:43
Abhi077 wrote:
In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in France, criticizing in a pamphlet that the French people have abstract and impractical impulses concerning the revolution.

A. criticizing in a pamphlet that the French people have abstract and impractical impulses

B. criticizing in a pamphlet that abstract and impractical impulses are had by the French people

C. a pamphlet that critiques the abstract and impractical impulses of the French people

D. a pamphlet that was critiquing the French people's abstract and impractical impulses

E. a pamphlet that criticized the French people for their abstract and impractical impulses

Source - Ready4Gmat


[B] is omitted immediately by the word "are had".

By meaning, "Reflections on the Revolution in France" is the pamphlet, so [A] is awkwardly redundant. Only [C], [D], and [E].


I just want to highlight that we may easily notice in [C] and [D], the verb is changed into "critique" whereas the original one is "criticize".

Whenever a sentence suddenly changes verb, adds extra meaning, or distort original ideas, I find them problematic before any other grammatical issue. Also, we see that [D] uses Past Continuous which is incorrect. Only [C] and [E] are left.

Now, some may say that [C] is incorrect because it uses Present Simple Tense. I don't think that is the reason that [C] is incorrect. The true reason, I think, should be the verb "critique" because whereas "criticize" expresses a negative notion of "disapproval", "critique" may not necessarily do so. In other words, "critique" is a general evaluation/judgement (may be positive or negative), but "criticize" is a negative evaluation (= find faults with)

The Simple Present Tense in [C] is fine because if it is the truth that the nature/characteristics of the pamphlet is as such (i.e. Reflections on the Revolution in France), and such truth is recognized and accepted (or even used in educational program as part of history literature), then when we talk about the pamphlet, it is normal to use Simple Present Tense.

So, [E] is correct because it retains the original meaning and the clean phrase of "criticize someone FOR something"
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Re: In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 22:53
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

We're likely confused when we're done reading this sentence, and we should be. The Reflections on the Revolution in France is the pamphlet, so first we need to identify it as such before we go on to describe what the pamphlet does. Choices (C), (D), and (E) clearly identify Reflections as a pamphlet, but let's take a closer look at the other details. Choice (C) might have worked, but since the sentence has the publishing of the pamphlet in the past tense, it doesn't make sense to have "critiques" in the present tense. Choice (D)'s "was critiquing," as though the pamphlet had an ongoing critique, is similarly unworkable. Choice (E), however, matches "published" with "criticized."

The correct answer is Choice (E).

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Re: In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in   [#permalink] 09 Apr 2020, 22:53

In 1790, Edmund Burke published Reflections on the Revolution in

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