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# In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy

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In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2017, 20:52
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36% (01:50) correct 64% (01:53) wrong based on 568 sessions

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In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy and the restoration of democracy, French voters were asked to overturn the republic in favor of the Second French Empire with Napoleon III at its head. Only 19 percent of the eligible voting population abstained; for the rest, the "Yes" vote was nearly unanimous.

The above information supports which of the following conclusions definitively?

A. In 1852, a majority of the French people wanted a return to the empire.
B. An electorate will sometimes democratically abolish a republic.
C. A minority of the French people abstained from voting in 1852
D. The democracy established in 1848 was meant to be provisional.
E. The Second French Empire was only a capitalization on the name "Napoleon"

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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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10 May 2018, 01:40
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We must pay attention to the fact that we are asked what can be concluded definitively - meaning we are not looking for probable or possible conclusion, but ones that are certain. With that in mind, let's review the answers:

A. In 1852, a majority of the French people wanted a return to the empire. this is indeedprobably true. but is it definite? notice that we only know that a majority of the public
B. An electorate will sometimes democratically abolish a republic. Yup, it happened this once - so it definitely happens sometimes
C. A minority of the French people abstained from voting in 1852 - once again, this is very possible, but isn't definite - we know a minor of the eligible voting population did, but not neccesarily the French people as a whole
D. The democracy established in 1848 was meant to be provisional. this is not stated: the fact that it ended up being temporary doesn't mean it was intended that way
E. The Second French Empire was only a capitalization on the name "Napoleon" not stated at all
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2018, 00:44
DAVEexamPAL wrote:

We must pay attention to the fact that we are asked what can be concluded definitively - meaning we are not looking for probable or possible conclusion, but ones that are certain. With that in mind, let's review the answers:

A. In 1852, a majority of the French people wanted a return to the empire. this is indeedprobably true. but is it definite? notice that we only know that a majority of the public
B. An electorate will sometimes democratically abolish a republic. Yup, it happened this once - so it definitely happens sometimes
C. A minority of the French people abstained from voting in 1852 - once again, this is very possible, but isn't definite - we know a minor of the eligible voting population did, but not neccesarily the French people as a whole
D. The democracy established in 1848 was meant to be provisional. this is not stated: the fact that it ended up being temporary doesn't mean it was intended that way
E. The Second French Empire was only a capitalization on the name "Napoleon" not stated at all

Hi DAVEexamPAL

I could not understand the reasoning to reject option C.

My point is any group which is minority in a sub-group (eligible voters) will definitely be a minority in a wider group (population) to which the sub-group (eligible voters) belong.

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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2018, 02:19
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I picked C since I thought the 19% of the eligible voters (which would be a fraction of French population) make a minority, which abstained from voting in 1852.

Were we supposed to interpret "minority" in some other way?
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2018, 09:54
Confused about the question. Isn't the answer supposed to be something we can explicitly infer from the given information? In line with that, shouldn't the answer be A or C?
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2018, 07:26
GMATNinja, Can you please explain this question?
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2018, 18:18
Focusing word ' eligible ' we cannot conclude our thoughts for majority or minority citizens ... Might be out 100 only 50 people were allowed to vote ..... Correct me if I am wrong..

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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2018, 09:58
In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy and the restoration of democracy, French voters were asked to overturn the republic in favor of the Second French Empire with Napoleon III at its head. Only 19 percent of the eligible voting population abstained; for the rest, the "Yes" vote was nearly unanimous.

The above information supports which of the following conclusions definitively?

A. In 1852, a majority of the French people wanted a return to the empire.
B. An electorate will sometimes democratically abolish a republic.
C. A minority of the French people abstained from voting in 1852
D. The democracy established in 1848 was meant to be provisional.
E. The Second French Empire was only a capitalization on the name "Napoleon

What about C --> logic : french people eligible for voting is less than or equal to the the total french population. Therefore, 19% which is minority of eligible voters will definitely be also a minority in the entire population.

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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2018, 11:09
GMATisLovE wrote:

I could not understand the reasoning to reject option C.

My point is any group which is minority in a sub-group (eligible voters) will definitely be a minority in a wider group (population) to which the sub-group (eligible voters) belong.

I also had the same reasoning. Also, doesn't the language 'will sometimes' indicate future and hence is incorrect in this context?
Would like to hear an expert's opinion.
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2018, 10:07
Argument says that "eligible voting population" we don't know how many were eligible? may be 30 out of 100 or what if 99 out of 100 are eligible? when we are given percentage but nothing about total population we cant assume majority or minority and for that reason i ruled out A and C
D and E isnt given in argument so its straight B
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2018, 04:30
According to me, C isn't right. The argument states that 19% clearly abstained from voting. However, it assumes that the for the rest 81%, "yes" is unanimous.
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2019, 07:36

Not sure how C is wrong?....
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2019, 12:16
gmatFalcon wrote:
In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy and the restoration of democracy, French voters were asked to overturn the republic in favor of the Second French Empire with Napoleon III at its head. Only 19 percent of the eligible voting population abstained; for the rest, the "Yes" vote was nearly unanimous.

The above information supports which of the following conclusions definitively?

A. In 1852, a majority of the French people wanted a return to the empire.
B. An electorate will sometimes democratically abolish a republic.
C. A minority of the French people abstained from voting in 1852
D. The democracy established in 1848 was meant to be provisional.
E. The Second French Empire was only a capitalization on the name "Napoleon"

A is wrong, since we only know that out of all French people, the ELIGIBLE ones wanted a return of the empire, not the majority of the population as a whole.

C is wrong, since it says "...for the rest, the "Yes" vote was NEARLY unanimous, thus the minority of the French people voted against the overturn of the republic.

D and E are unrelated and cannot be established definitely.
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2019, 22:50

19 percent of the eligible voting population abstained...
19 percent of the eligible voting population implies an even smaller percent of the total population....
So whats wrong in saying the minority of voting population abstained from voting?
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2019, 01:28
gmatFalcon wrote:
In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy and the restoration of democracy, French voters were asked to overturn the republic in favor of the Second French Empire with Napoleon III at its head. Only 19 percent of the eligible voting population abstained; for the rest, the "Yes" vote was nearly unanimous.

The above information supports which of the following conclusions definitively?

A. In 1852, a majority of the French people wanted a return to the empire.
B. An electorate will sometimes democratically abolish a republic.
C. A minority of the French people abstained from voting in 1852
D. The democracy established in 1848 was meant to be provisional.
E. The Second French Empire was only a capitalization on the name "Napoleon"

What is the source of this question? I don't see anything wrong in (C) either.
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Re: In 1852, four years after the abolition of the third monarchy   [#permalink] 16 Apr 2019, 01:28
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