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# In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir

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In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 12:05
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Question Stats:

73% (01:20) correct 27% (01:31) wrong based on 398 sessions

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In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics

B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics

C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field

D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics

E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 21:20

miniaturized should be miniature and 'which' is incorrectly used to modify semiconductor material.

we need an invention after comma.

so E
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 21:30
1
reto wrote:
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

Meaning :
Jack Kilby Build some thing, by doing something, This invention revolutionized the field of enlectronics.

Error :
Incorrect Modifier : "Which" refers to Material and presents a meaning that Material became an invention. But as per the meaning, that whole exercise of building an IC is an invention.

POE
A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
Incorrect : Incorrect modifier Which. Explained Above
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
Incorrect : Incorrect modifier Which. Explained Above

C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
Incorrect -
1. "Which" is Non restrictive noun and used to present "not so important feature " Here we need restrictive noun, since there may be countless other invention by JK, but we are talking about the one specific invention.
2. "Electronics field" does not sound correct, i think Field of electronics is better.

D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
Correct -
1. "an invention that" - "That " is restrictive and used to present important feature (feature without which you wont be able to identify the things uniquely) and correctly used here

E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics
Changes Meaning - A revolutionary invention in field, not a invention that revolutionized the field

Option D looks correct in all aspect.

Also i think "miniature " and "miniaturized " both are correct, and POE cannot be based on this subtle difference
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 21:56
reto wrote:
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

I was divided between D and E but chose D

D.miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics

"an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics" conveys the correct meaning. This statement means that fabricating the circuit on the semiconductor revolutionized the field of electronics.

E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

"a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics" is not the intended meaning. This statement means that fabricating the circuit on the semiconductor was one of the many revolutionary inventions.

However, in Option D the use of "semiconductor material" seems awkward because semiconductor is itself a material.
whereas in option E the use of "semiconducting material" seems much better.

Any takes on this point??
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 22:23
Ashishmathew01081987 wrote:
reto wrote:
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

I was divided between D and E but chose D

D.miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics

"an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics" conveys the correct meaning. This statement means that fabricating the circuit on the semiconductor revolutionized the field of electronics.

E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

"a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics" is not the intended meaning. This statement means that fabricating the circuit on the semiconductor was one of the many revolutionary inventions.

However, in Option D the use of "semiconductor material" seems awkward because semiconductor is itself a material.
whereas in option E the use of "semiconducting material" seems much better.

Any takes on this point??

Hi, Ashishmathew01081987

I think Option D can be eliminated on stronger ground of change in meaning.
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 01:08
Hi,

E changes the meaning.

Kindly note that as per the main sentence and option D..."the invention revolutionized the field"

As per option E... "it was a revolutionary invention".... maybe one of many but definitely not the one that revolutionized electronics...

Also "semiconducting" is an adjective modifying the material hence the material need not be a semiconductor... but "semiconductor material" means a noun...

Hence D.

Regards,
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 02:15
A lot of debate bewteen D and E

The only prolem with E is that "miniature" is not correct.

Miniature is a decoration that you can see in ancient medieval manuscript. Generally is the big letter at the left upper most of the page.

Miniaturized is the process to make a bigger thing smaller, maintaining the same characteristics or with improvements in its functionality

Hope this helps

regards
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 02:22
1
Hi Carcass,

Does'nt E change the meaning..

Regards,
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 02:32
1
Good question

First of all E does change the meaning to the extent that a revolutionary invention can not refer back to miniature. It does not make sense at all

Secondly in E revolutionary invention gives the sense that it is important but NOT a leading invention. I.E. we have a lot of studies that are revolutionary but no one is like the Copernico's study about the sun the earth and centre of our galaxy. The sun indeed and not our planet.

As such, yes in that sense E distorts the meaning

regards
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2015, 11:29
1
reto wrote:
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics > Gramatically correct but stylistically flawed / the electronic circuit did not become an invention - it was an invention. "Such that" are not necessary to understand the meaning…
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics > Awkward and redundant: Thee Electronic circuit did not become an invention, it was an invention. The construction "an invention to revolutionize" is incorrect. It works only with a comparative eg the most significant invention to revolutionize …
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field > The relative pronoun "which" must come after a comma. (whose, which, that, whom) too
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics >This answer choice corrects the redundancy in the original question by changing the phrase became an invention such that revolutionized to an invention that revolutionized.
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics > Using the V+ing semiconducting as an adjective where there is already a non V+ing form (semiconductor) is incorrect.
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2015, 13:49
To add to the debate on miniature vs miniaturized, in my opinion, the word "miniature" is a noun.
And the word "miniaturized" is an adjective describing the circuit board.
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 04:14
I feel miniaturized is more correct because in general electronic circuits were heavy and huge and the miniaturized version was used to impose on the semiconductor wafer.
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 09:42
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

I think E is out because the underlined portion is dependent clause as it is connected by a comma, but it does not have a VERB in it.

Please correct if I am wrong. Thanks
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 05:28
raoshahb wrote:
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

I think E is out because the underlined portion is dependent clause as it is connected by a comma, but it does not have a VERB in it.

Please correct if I am wrong. Thanks

Hi,
There is no grammatical error in option E . It is not correct as it changes meaning of the original sentence. The noun phrase after comma is absolute phrase that is modifying the main clause . An absolute phrase or ing form can be used to present the result of the main clause.
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2018, 21:55
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Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2018, 21:55
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