GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 12 Nov 2018, 14:33

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Essential GMAT Time-Management Hacks

     November 14, 2018

     November 14, 2018

     08:00 PM MST

     09:00 PM MST

    Join the webinar and learn time-management tactics that will guarantee you answer all questions, in all sections, on time. Save your spot today! Nov. 14th at 7 PM PST
  • $450 Tuition Credit & Official CAT Packs FREE

     November 15, 2018

     November 15, 2018

     10:00 PM MST

     11:00 PM MST

    EMPOWERgmat is giving away the complete Official GMAT Exam Pack collection worth $100 with the 3 Month Pack ($299)

In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Retired Moderator
avatar
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 846
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2015, 11:05
2
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:20) correct 28% (01:29) wrong based on 384 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.


A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics

B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics

C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field

D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics

E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Oct 2014
Posts: 45
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2015, 20:20
The correct answer is E.

miniaturized should be miniature and 'which' is incorrectly used to modify semiconductor material.

we need an invention after comma.

so E
Queens MBA Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 24 Oct 2012
Posts: 170
Concentration: Leadership, General Management
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2015, 20:30
1
reto wrote:
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics


Meaning :
Jack Kilby Build some thing, by doing something, This invention revolutionized the field of enlectronics.

Error :
Incorrect Modifier : "Which" refers to Material and presents a meaning that Material became an invention. But as per the meaning, that whole exercise of building an IC is an invention.

POE
A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
Incorrect : Incorrect modifier Which. Explained Above
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
Incorrect : Incorrect modifier Which. Explained Above

C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
Incorrect -
1. "Which" is Non restrictive noun and used to present "not so important feature " Here we need restrictive noun, since there may be countless other invention by JK, but we are talking about the one specific invention.
2. "Electronics field" does not sound correct, i think Field of electronics is better.

D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
Correct -
1. "an invention that" - "That " is restrictive and used to present important feature (feature without which you wont be able to identify the things uniquely) and correctly used here

E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics
Changes Meaning - A revolutionary invention in field, not a invention that revolutionized the field

Option D looks correct in all aspect.

Also i think "miniature " and "miniaturized " both are correct, and POE cannot be based on this subtle difference
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: I am not a product of my circumstances. I am a product of my decisions
Joined: 20 Jan 2013
Posts: 118
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, General Management
GPA: 3.92
WE: Operations (Energy and Utilities)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2015, 20:56
reto wrote:
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics



I was divided between D and E but chose D

D.miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics

"an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics" conveys the correct meaning. This statement means that fabricating the circuit on the semiconductor revolutionized the field of electronics.

E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

"a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics" is not the intended meaning. This statement means that fabricating the circuit on the semiconductor was one of the many revolutionary inventions.

However, in Option D the use of "semiconductor material" seems awkward because semiconductor is itself a material.
whereas in option E the use of "semiconducting material" seems much better.

Any takes on this point??
Queens MBA Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 24 Oct 2012
Posts: 170
Concentration: Leadership, General Management
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2015, 21:23
Ashishmathew01081987 wrote:
reto wrote:
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics



I was divided between D and E but chose D

D.miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics

"an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics" conveys the correct meaning. This statement means that fabricating the circuit on the semiconductor revolutionized the field of electronics.

E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

"a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics" is not the intended meaning. This statement means that fabricating the circuit on the semiconductor was one of the many revolutionary inventions.

However, in Option D the use of "semiconductor material" seems awkward because semiconductor is itself a material.
whereas in option E the use of "semiconducting material" seems much better.

Any takes on this point??



Hi, Ashishmathew01081987

I think Option D can be eliminated on stronger ground of change in meaning.
Current Student
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 388
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2015, 00:08
Hi,

E changes the meaning.

Kindly note that as per the main sentence and option D..."the invention revolutionized the field"

As per option E... "it was a revolutionary invention".... maybe one of many but definitely not the one that revolutionized electronics...

Also "semiconducting" is an adjective modifying the material hence the material need not be a semiconductor... but "semiconductor material" means a noun...

Hence D.

Regards,
Dom.
Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3312
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2015, 01:15
A lot of debate bewteen D and E

The only prolem with E is that "miniature" is not correct.

Miniature is a decoration that you can see in ancient medieval manuscript. Generally is the big letter at the left upper most of the page.

Miniaturized is the process to make a bigger thing smaller, maintaining the same characteristics or with improvements in its functionality

Hope this helps

regards
_________________

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS AND RESOURCES
Quant: 1. ALL GMATPrep questions Quant/Verbal 2. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 3. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 4. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version 5. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Quant Videos
Verbal:1. Verbal question bank and directories by Carcass 2. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Verbal Videos 3. Critical Reasoning_Oldy but goldy question banks 4. Sentence Correction_Oldy but goldy question banks 5. Reading-comprehension_Oldy but goldy question banks

Current Student
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 388
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2015, 01:22
1
Hi Carcass,

Does'nt E change the meaning..

Regards,
Dom.
Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3312
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2015, 01:32
1
Good question

First of all E does change the meaning to the extent that a revolutionary invention can not refer back to miniature. It does not make sense at all

Secondly in E revolutionary invention gives the sense that it is important but NOT a leading invention. I.E. we have a lot of studies that are revolutionary but no one is like the Copernico's study about the sun the earth and centre of our galaxy. The sun indeed and not our planet.

As such, yes in that sense E distorts the meaning

regards
_________________

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS AND RESOURCES
Quant: 1. ALL GMATPrep questions Quant/Verbal 2. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 3. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 4. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version 5. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Quant Videos
Verbal:1. Verbal question bank and directories by Carcass 2. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Verbal Videos 3. Critical Reasoning_Oldy but goldy question banks 4. Sentence Correction_Oldy but goldy question banks 5. Reading-comprehension_Oldy but goldy question banks

Retired Moderator
avatar
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 846
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2015, 10:29
1
reto wrote:
In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated circuit (known also as a microchip), by fabricating a miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics.

A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics


A. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention such that revolutionized the field of electronics > Gramatically correct but stylistically flawed / the electronic circuit did not become an invention - it was an invention. "Such that" are not necessary to understand the meaning…
B. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, which became an invention to revolutionize the field of electronics > Awkward and redundant: Thee Electronic circuit did not become an invention, it was an invention. The construction "an invention to revolutionize" is incorrect. It works only with a comparative eg the most significant invention to revolutionize …
C. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention which revolutionized the electronics field > The relative pronoun "which" must come after a comma. (whose, which, that, whom) too
D. miniaturized electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconductor material, an invention that revolutionized the field of electronics >This answer choice corrects the redundancy in the original question by changing the phrase became an invention such that revolutionized to an invention that revolutionized.
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics > Using the V+ing semiconducting as an adjective where there is already a non V+ing form (semiconductor) is incorrect.
_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2015
Posts: 2
Location: United States
Schools: LBS '19 (WL)
WE: Operations (Consumer Products)
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Dec 2015, 12:49
To add to the debate on miniature vs miniaturized, in my opinion, the word "miniature" is a noun.
And the word "miniaturized" is an adjective describing the circuit board.
Retired Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 04 Aug 2016
Posts: 508
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Strategy
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Premium Member
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2016, 03:14
I feel miniaturized is more correct because in general electronic circuits were heavy and huge and the miniaturized version was used to impose on the semiconductor wafer.
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 17 Feb 2013
Posts: 16
Location: India
GMAT 1: 570 Q46 V23
GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V34
GPA: 4
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Mar 2017, 08:42
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

I think E is out because the underlined portion is dependent clause as it is connected by a comma, but it does not have a VERB in it.

Please correct if I am wrong. Thanks
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Status: Active
Affiliations: NA
Joined: 23 Oct 2012
Posts: 274
GMAT 1: 590 Q50 V21
GMAT 2: 600 Q48 V25
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V37
GPA: 3.5
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2017, 04:28
raoshahb wrote:
E. miniature electronic circuit on a thin surface of semiconducting material, a revolutionary invention in the field of electronics

I think E is out because the underlined portion is dependent clause as it is connected by a comma, but it does not have a VERB in it.

Please correct if I am wrong. Thanks


Hi,
There is no grammatical error in option E . It is not correct as it changes meaning of the original sentence. The noun phrase after comma is absolute phrase that is modifying the main clause . An absolute phrase or ing form can be used to present the result of the main clause.
_________________

#If you like my post , please encourage me by giving Kudos :)

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3365
Premium Member
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2018, 20:55
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir &nbs [#permalink] 10 Sep 2018, 20:55
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In 1958, Jack Kilby was the first scientist to build an integrated cir

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.