GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Jan 2019, 18:14

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     January 19, 2019

     January 19, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
  • FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

     January 20, 2019

     January 20, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     07:00 AM PST

    Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, te

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 592
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, te  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jan 2019, 06:11
Quote:
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.



GMATNinja wrote:
AsadAbu wrote:

I'm totally lost-I can't figure out the core of this correct choice (A)! Could you help me to find out the core of this sentence?
Thanks__


The easiest way to examine the main clause is to temporarily ignore some of the longer non-essential modifiers. The writer does us the favor of setting off some of these modifiers with commas, so we can see exactly what's crucial to the core meaning of the sentence and what's merely providing additional information.

Here's the sentence again, with the longer modifiers in red:

"Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics."

So the main clause here is simply telling us that Richard Stallman testified in hearings that one of his colleagues won a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws.

Notice the logical placement of each modifier, each right next to what it describes: "a well-known critic of the patent system" describes Richard Stallman; "to test the system" describes why the colleague won a patent; and " an observation..." describes one of Kirchhoff's laws.

I hope that helps!

Hey GMATNinja,
I did the same thing like you to find the core, but the green part from the "quote" makes me confused. Why the the green part is not written by "one of his colleagues" or by "a colleague of Richard"?

I, normally, can't write "the pillar's house"; I must write "house of the pillar". But, i can write: 1/ Richard's colleague and 2/ Colleague of Richard, both. The use of "colleague of his" is absurd to me.
Doesn't "one of his colleagues" or "colleague of Richard' makes more sense than "colleague of his". Actually, the uses of "colleague of his" is somewhat awkward to me.
_________________

“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”
― Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2225
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, te  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jan 2019, 04:42
AsadAbu wrote:
Quote:
I did the same thing like you to find the core, but the green part from the "quote" makes me confused. Why the the green part is not written by "one of his colleagues" or by "a colleague of Richard"?

I, normally, can't write "the pillar's house"; I must write "house of the pillar". But, i can write: 1/ Richard's colleague and 2/ Colleague of Richard, both. The use of "colleague of his" is absurd to me.
Doesn't "one of his colleagues" or "colleague of Richard' makes more sense than "colleague of his". Actually, the uses of "colleague of his" is somewhat awkward to me.

In this case, the usage above: NOUN + OF + POSSESSIVE, is fairly standard. Think of common expressions like "a friend of mine." Nothing wrong with that. "A colleague of his" is the same construction.

But here's the broader point: try not to eliminate answer choices simply because they seem awkward. I feel your pain here. The Official Guide is full of explanations in which incorrect answers are dismissed because they're deemed "awkward". The problem with this is that what feels awkward to you might not have felt awkward to the question writer -- or to the random person writing the explanations for the publisher, often a decade or more after the original question was written. Frankly, those OG explanations misuse the word "awkward", and it's incredibly unhelpful.

Instead, try to find more concrete mistakes, such as grammatical errors and illogical meanings when whittling down your options. This way, you'll avoid having to read the mind of the question-writer. More on that general approach to SC in this article and this video.

I hope that helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

GMAT Club Bot
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, te &nbs [#permalink] 09 Jan 2019, 04:42

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 22 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, te

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.