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In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross

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In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Apr 2017, 04:59
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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:47) correct 28% (01:52) wrong based on 502 sessions

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TRICKY QUESTION


In 2010, China comprised about 10% of the world's gross domestic product (GDP), and its voting share in the World Bank was increased from under 3% to 4.4%. During the same timeframe, France comprised about 4% of the world's GDP and saw its voting share in the World bank drop from 4.3% to 3.8%.

Which of the following can be logically concluded from the passage above?

(A) World Bank voting shares are allocated based upon each country's share of the world's GDP.
(B) The new ratio of voting share to percentage of world GDP is lower for China than it is for France.
(C) Gross domestic product is the most important factor in determining voting share at the World Bank.
(D) China should be upset that its voting share does not match its proportion of the world's GDP.
(E) France lost some of its voting share to China because China comprised a larger portion of the world's GDP.

Originally posted by khatia_ch on 24 Sep 2014, 22:25.
Last edited by hazelnut on 19 Apr 2017, 04:59, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2014, 22:45
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khatia_ch wrote:
In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross domestic product (GDP), and its voting share in the World Bank was increased from under 3 percent to 4.4 percent. During the same timeframe, France comprised about 4 percent of the world's GDP and saw its voting share in the World bank drop from 4.3 percent to 3.8 percent.

Which of the following can be logically concluded from the passage above?

(A) World Bank voting shares are allocated based upon each country's share of the world's GDP.
(B) The new ratio of voting share to percentage of world GDP is lower for China than it is for France.
(C) Gross domestic product is the most important factor in determining voting share at the World Bank.
(D) China should be upset that its voting share does not match its proportion of the world's GDP.
(E) France lost some of its voting share to China because China comprised a larger portion of the world's GDP.


khatia_ch: First of all it is an inference question. Since it as us to inference what we can conclude from the above passage.

To make it clear, it is good to read the question stem first and then go for the stimulus. As you will get to know, how to approach each stimulus based on the question stem

For example: No Point in finding the assumption in an inference question like this.

A little trick which i learned is,

If the question stem asks "Which of the following supports the passage above"- This is a strenghten question.

Same way, if the question stem asks-> "Which of the following can be concluded from the passage above" or "The passage supports which of the following"-> Then its an inference question.

In Simple form,

if answer choice support the passage-> Strengthen.

if passage supports the answer choices-> Inference.


Now on the POE, as this is an inference question,

If you have read the passage properly, we can say that in the ratio of voting share for France(4.3 percent) is greater than china(less than 3 percent)

(A) World Bank voting shares are allocated based upon each country's share of the world's GDP- This not what we inference from the passage.

(B) The new ratio of voting share to percentage of world GDP is lower for China than it is for France- Exactly what we infer from the passage.

(C) Gross domestic product is the most important factor in determining voting share at the World Bank- It may be true, but not always.

(D) China should be upset that its voting share does not match its proportion of the world's GDP- Out of scope

(E) France lost some of its voting share to China because China comprised a larger portion of the world's GDP- Not related to passage. Out of scope.

Hope it helps :)
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Re: In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 04:53
khatia_ch wrote:

TRICKY QUESTION


In 2010, China comprised about 10% of the world's gross domestic product (GDP), and its voting share in the World Bank was increased from under 3% to 4.4%. During the same timeframe, France comprised about 4% of the world's GDP and saw its voting share in the World bank drop from 4.3% to 3.8%.

Which of the following can be logically concluded from the passage above?

(A) World Bank voting shares are allocated based upon each country's share of the world's GDP.
(B) The new ratio of voting share to percentage of world GDP is lower for China than it is for France.
(C) Gross domestic product is the most important factor in determining voting share at the World Bank.
(D) China should be upset that its voting share does not match its proportion of the world's GDP.
(E) France lost some of its voting share to China because China comprised a larger portion of the world's GDP.


Step 1: Identify the question

The language “logically concluded” indicates that this is an Inference question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the argument

2010______GDP____Vote Share
China _____10_____<3 → 4.4
Fra________4______4.3 → 3.8

Step 3: State the goal.

This is an Inference question, so I need to find something that MUST BE TRUE based upon the info given so far. There are a lot of numbers to keep straight, but generally, China has a larger share of the world GDP than France. China used to have a lower voting share than France, but now it has a higher share.

Step 4: Work from wrong to right

(A) Maybe. It is the case now that China has a larger GDP and a larger voting share. But it didn’t used to be that way. And I only have two data points; I don’t know the numbers with all of the other countries. This doesn’t have to be true.
(B) CORRECT. Let’s see. China’s ratio is 4.4 / 10. And the ratio for France is 3.8 / 4. The first number is a lot smaller than the second number: the first one is 0.44 and the second one is almost 1. So, yes, it’s true that China’s ratio is lower than France’s.
(C) “Most important?” The argument didn’t say anything about how voting share is determined or which factor is most important.
(AVOID EXTREME LANGUAGE)
(D) China might be upset but this doesn’t have to be true—and it doesn’t have to be true that China “should” be upset. That’s a judgment call.
(E) Maybe this is true, but they didn’t actually say why the voting shares were changed. I could speculate, but this doesn’t have to be true.
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Re: In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 05:09
when So many Numerical quantities are given like this and relation between them is not cited....In an inference question more than 1 option will try to co-relate the independent events...No relation between the events are mentioned..
Here three options can be eliminated directly(A,C and E)....And D cannot be inferred from the facts...
Hence B (provable numerically too)
Hope this helps with this kind of questions...
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Re: In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 00:30
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross &nbs [#permalink] 14 Sep 2018, 00:30
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In 2010, China comprised about 10 percent of the world's gross

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