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# In a recent study of more than 400 North

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Manager
Joined: 22 Jun 2017
Posts: 168
Location: Argentina
Schools: HBS, Stanford, Wharton
GMAT 1: 630 Q43 V34
In a recent study of more than 400 North  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 08:08
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

92% (02:01) correct 8% (02:47) wrong based on 90 sessions

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In a recent study of more than 400 North American men and women whose previous heart attack put them at risk for a second heart attack, about half were told to switch to a “Mediterranean-type diet”—one rich in fish, vegetables, olive oil, and grains—while the other half were advised to eat a more traditional “Western” diet but to limit their fat intake. Those following the Mediterranean diet were significantly less likely than those in the other group to have a second heart attack. But the Mediterranean diet includes a fair amount of fat from fish and olive oil, so the research suggests that a diet may not have to be extremely low in fat in order to protect the heart.

Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?
(A) Research has shown that eliminating almost all fat from one’s diet can be effective in decreasing the likelihood of a second heart attack.
(B) Studies suggest that the kinds of oils in the fat included in the Mediterranean diet may protect the heart against potentially fatal disruptions of heart rhythms and other causes of heart attacks.
(C) The patients who consumed the Mediterranean diet enjoyed the food and continued to follow the diet after the experiment was concluded.
(D) Many people who have had heart attacks are advised by their cardiologists to begin an exercise regimen in addition to changing their diet.
(E) Some cardiologists believe that the protection afforded by the Mediterranean diet might be enhanced by drugs that lower blood-cholesterol levels.

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Manager
Joined: 10 Apr 2018
Posts: 172
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GMAT 1: 680 Q48 V34
GPA: 3.3
In a recent study of more than 400 North  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 08:40
1
Situation: A fact states that the group of people following the "Mediterranean diet" were significantly less likely than those following the "Western diet" to have a second heart attack. While the two groups followed different a diet plan, one thing common between their food habit was that both groups kept a limited fat intake outside their diet plan.

Conclusion: A research suggests that a diet may not have to be extremely low in fat in order to protect the heart.

Objective: To find a statement that suggests that some fat is indeed good for the heart patients.

(A) Research has shown that eliminating almost all fat from one’s diet can be effective in decreasing the likelihood of a second heart attack.- Incorrect. This goes against the conclusion.

(B) Studies suggest that the kinds of oils in the fat included in the Mediterranean diet may protect the heart against potentially fatal disruptions of heart rhythms and other causes of heart attacks.-Correct.This statement suggests that some types of fat are indeed helpful.

(C) The patients who consumed the Mediterranean diet enjoyed the food and continued to follow the diet after the experiment was concluded.-Incorrect. This statement is irrelevant.

(D) Many people who have had heart attacks are advised by their cardiologists to begin an exercise regimen in addition to changing their diet.-Incorrect. This statement is irrelevant.

(E) Some cardiologists believe that the protection afforded by the Mediterranean diet might be enhanced by drugs that lower blood-cholesterol levels.-Incorrect. This statement is irrelevant.
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In a recent study of more than 400 North   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2019, 08:40
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