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In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat

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In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2008, 07:47
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Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

70% (01:09) correct 30% (01:26) wrong based on 204

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Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

58% (00:13) correct 42% (00:33) wrong based on 201

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Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

50% (00:47) correct 50% (01:16) wrong based on 195

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In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovation in the United States beginning in 1876,Thomas Hughes assigns special prominence to Thomas Edison as archetype of the independent nineteenth-century inventor. However, Hughes virtually ignores Edison's famous contemporary and notorious adversary in the field of electric light and power, George Westinghouse. This comparative neglect of Westinghouse is consistent with other recent historians' works, although it marks an intriguing departure from the prevailing view during the inventors' lifetimes (and for decades afterward) of Edison and Westinghouse as the two "pioneer innovators" of the electrical industry.

My recent reevaluation of Westinghouse, facilitated by materials found in railroad archives, suggests that while Westinghouse and Edison shared important traits as inventors, they differed markedly in their approach to the business aspects of innovation. For Edison as an inventor, novelty was always paramount: the overriding goal of the business of innovation was simply to generate funding for new inventions. Edison therefore undertook just enough sales, product development, and manufacturing to accomplish this. Westinghouse, however, shared the attitudes of the railroads and other industries for whom he developed innovations: product development, standardization, system, and order were top priorities. Westinghouse thus better exemplifies the systematic approach to technological development that would become a hallmark of modern corporate research and development.
Q1:The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. reevaluate a controversial theory
B. identify the flaws in a study
C. propose a new method of historical research
D. compare two contrasting analyses
E. provide a fresh perspective

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


Q2: According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the

A. availability of a commercial market
B. costs of developing a prototype
C. originality of his inventions
D. maintenance of high standards throughout production
E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


3) The author of the passage implies that the shift away from the views of Westinghouse’s contemporaries should be regarded as
A. a natural outgrowth of the recent revival of interest in Edison
B. a result of scholarship based on previously unknown documents
C. reflective of modern neglect of the views of previous generations
D. inevitable, given the changing trends in historical interpretations
E. surprising, given the stature that Westinghouse once had


[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

Last edited by carcass on 03 Nov 2017, 04:27, edited 6 times in total.
Edited by Carcass

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2008, 19:12
IMO
1.E The authour is veering off from the perspectives held by the majority of authours and providing a new look at Edison's work/motives and Westinghouse's work/motives

2.B-------> Edison was concerned with making only enough money to invent new products (hence portotypes)

3.E ------> obviously surprising since Westinhhouse was a very prominent fiugure of his time as well

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2008, 20:57
vksunder wrote:

Q1:

The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. reevaluate a controversial theory

B. identify the flaws in a study

C. propose a new method of historical research

D. compare two contrasting analyses

E. provide a fresh perspective

Answer:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Q2: According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the

A. availability of a commercial market

B. costs of developing a prototype

C. originality of his inventions
"novelty was always paramount" from passage

D. maintenance of high standards throughout production

E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing



3. The author of the passage implies that the shift away from the views of

contemporaries should be regarded as

A. a natural outgrowth of the recent revival of interest in Edison

B. a result of scholarship based on previously unknown documents

C. reflective of modern neglect of the views of previous generations
"This comparative neglect of Westinghouse is consistent with other recent historians’ works" => from passage.

D. inevitable, given the changing trends in historical interpretations

E. surprising, given the stature that Westinghouse once had


E, C , C for me

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2013, 00:05
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E, C, E for me.

The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. reevaluate a controversial theory
no controversy is discussed in the passage
B. identify the flaws in a study
author provides his opinion as against opinion of the author of 'American Genesis'
C. propose a new method of historical research
no proposal is made
D. compare two contrasting analyses
same as B. no comparisons being made.
E. provide a fresh perspective
yes. The author's opinion if novel "This comparative neglect of Westinghouse is consistent with other recent historians’ works"


According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the

A. availability of a commercial market
B. costs of developing a prototype
C. originality of his inventions
"yes. For Edison as an inventor, novelty was always paramount"[/color]
D. maintenance of high standards throughout production
E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing


The author of the passage implies that the shift away from the views of Westinghouse’s contemporaries should be regarded as

A. a natural outgrowth of the recent revival of interest in Edison
B. a result of scholarship based on previously unknown documents
C. reflective of modern neglect of the views of previous generations
no. this option is too generic and broad to be correct answer.
D. inevitable, given the changing trends in historical interpretations
E. surprising, given the stature that Westinghouse once had
yes. "it marks an intriguing departure from the prevailing view during the inventors’ lifetimes"
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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2013, 00:07
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E, C, E for me.

The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. reevaluate a controversial theory
no controversy is discussed in the passage
B. identify the flaws in a study
author provides his opinion as against opinion of the author of 'American Genesis'
C. propose a new method of historical research
no proposal is made
D. compare two contrasting analyses
same as B. no comparisons being made.
E. provide a fresh perspective
yes. The author's opinion if novel "This comparative neglect of Westinghouse is consistent with other recent historians’ works"

According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the

A. availability of a commercial market
B. costs of developing a prototype
C. originality of his inventions
"yes. For Edison as an inventor, novelty was always paramount"
D. maintenance of high standards throughout production
E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing


The author of the passage implies that the shift away from the views of Westinghouse’s contemporaries should be regarded as

A. a natural outgrowth of the recent revival of interest in Edison
B. a result of scholarship based on previously unknown documents
C. reflective of modern neglect of the views of previous generations
no. this option is too generic and broad to be correct answer.
D. inevitable, given the changing trends in historical interpretations
E. surprising, given the stature that Westinghouse once had
yes. "it marks an intriguing departure from the prevailing view during the inventors’ lifetimes"
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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2015, 01:50
E C E . THe passage has a diffficult language to understand.
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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovation in the United States beginning in 1876, Thomas Hughes assigns special prominence to Thomas Edison as archetype of the independent nineteenth-century inventor. However, Hughes virtually ignores Edison’s famous contemporary and notorious adversary in the field of electric light and power, George Westinghouse. This comparative neglect of Westinghouse is consistent with other recent historians’ works, although it marks an intriguing departure from the prevailing view during the inventors’ lifetimes (and for decades afterward) of Edison and Westinghouse as the two “pioneer innovators” of the electrical industry.My recent reevaluation of Westinghouse, facilitated by materials found in railroad archives, suggests that while Westinghouse and Edison shared important traits as inventors, they differed markedly in their approach to the business aspects of innovation. For Edison as an inventor, novelty was always paramount: the overriding goal of the business of innovation was simply to generate funding for new inventions. Edison therefore undertook just enough sales, product development, and manufacturing to accomplish this.Westinghouse, however, shared the attitudes of the railroads and other industries for whom he developed innovations: product development, standardization, system, and order were top priorities. Westinghouse thus better exemplifies the systematic approach to technological development that would become a hallmark of modern corporate research and development.

1) The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. reevaluate a controversial theory
B. identify the flaws in a study
C. propose a new method of historical research
D. compare two contrasting analyses
E. provide a fresh perspective

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


2) According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the
A. availability of a commercial market
B. costs of developing a prototype
C. originality of his inventions
D. maintenance of high standards throughout production
E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


3) The author of the passage implies that the shift away from the views of Westinghouse’s contemporaries should be regarded as
A. a natural outgrowth of the recent revival of interest in Edison
B. a result of scholarship based on previously unknown documents
C. reflective of modern neglect of the views of previous generations
D. inevitable, given the changing trends in historical interpretations
E. surprising, given the stature that Westinghouse once had

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 22:53
According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the
A. availability of a commercial market
B. costs of developing a prototype
C. originality of his inventions
D. maintenance of high standards throughout production
E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing

Can someone explain why it's not B?
I think it should be B, as the passage says that "the overriding goal of the business of innovation was simply to generate funding for new inventions"
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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 23:38
anurag16 wrote:
According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the
A. availability of a commercial market
B. costs of developing a prototype
C. originality of his inventions
D. maintenance of high standards throughout production
E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing

Can someone explain why it's not B?
I think it should be B, as the passage says that "the overriding goal of the business of innovation was simply to generate funding for new inventions"


Refer: " For Edison as an inventor, novelty was always paramount: the overriding goal of the business of innovation was simply to generate funding for new inventions"

So novelty/originality was the priority.

B. costs of developing a prototype --> Does not speak about innovation. Also cost of developing a prototype is different from generating funds for innovation

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 00:11
Vyshak wrote:
anurag16 wrote:
According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the
A. availability of a commercial market
B. costs of developing a prototype
C. originality of his inventions
D. maintenance of high standards throughout production
E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing

Can someone explain why it's not B?
I think it should be B, as the passage says that "the overriding goal of the business of innovation was simply to generate funding for new inventions"


Refer: " For Edison as an inventor, novelty was always paramount: the overriding goal of the business of innovation was simply to generate funding for new inventions"

So novelty/originality was the priority.

B. costs of developing a prototype --> Does not speak about innovation. Also cost of developing a prototype is different from generating funds for innovation



Actually my reasoning was that new inventions would require new prototypes to be developed. I guess I was over thinking!!
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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2017, 07:11
Good passage.
Concentrates on how well you understand vocabulary . :)
Novelty , intriguing departure . liked it.
My options E C E . time taken - 6 min 20 sec (Developed new strategy increases Accuracy at the expense of time. still better than 75% accuracy within less time. )

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 22:49
5 min and 90 secs. Options are E,C, and E respectively. 2nd question is so direct and very easy provided that meaning of the novelty is known beforehand.

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2017, 06:41
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Nightmare007 wrote:
Good passage.
Concentrates on how well you understand vocabulary . :)
Novelty , intriguing departure . liked it.
My options E C E . time taken - 6 min 20 sec (Developed new strategy increases Accuracy at the expense of time. still better than 75% accuracy within less time. )


Hi! Do you mind sharing your reading strategy to improve accuracy? I'm struggling like hell so far with RC :cry:

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 07:27
though i chose E for 3rd question, m bit confused.
Please share the reasoning for choosing E for 3rd question.

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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 11:51
987333 wrote:
though i chose E for 3rd question, m bit confused.
Please share the reasoning for choosing E for 3rd question.


Hi,

Please check the highlighted portion.

This comparative neglect of Westinghouse is consistent with other recent historians' works, although it marks an intriguing departure from the prevailing view during the inventors' lifetimes (and for decades afterward) of Edison and Westinghouse as the two "pioneer innovators" of the electrical industry.
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Re: In American Genesis, which covers the century of technological innovat   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2017, 11:51
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