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In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal

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In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legally used to be 18. In 1990, in an attempt to reduce alcohol consumption and thereby to reduce alcoholrelated traffic deaths among Berinians under 21, the legal drinking age was raised to 21. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people under 21 have decreased significantly since 1990. Nevertheless, surveys show that people in that age-group drink just as much alcohol as they did before 1990.

Which of the following, if true of Berinia, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy?


A. For the population as a whole, annual alcohol consumption is no lower now than it was in 1990.

B. Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bars and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21 than it was in 1990.

C. The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990.

D. Alcohol consumption is lower among people under 21 than among adults in most other age-groups.

E. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people over 21 have increased slightly since 1990.

Originally posted by bsv180985 on 02 Dec 2009, 07:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Jan 2019, 06:08, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2009, 10:47
bsv180985 wrote:
In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legally used to be 18. In 1990, in an attempt to reduce alcohol consumption and thereby to reduce alcoholrelated traffic deaths among Berinians under 21, the legal drinking age was raised to 21. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people under 21 have decreased significantly since 1990. Nevertheless, surveys show that people in that age-group drink just as much alcohol as they did before 1990.

Which of the following, if true of Berinia, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy?

A. For the population as a whole, annual alcohol consumption is no lower now than it was in 1990.
B. Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bars and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21 than it was in 1990.
C. The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990.
D. Alcohol consumption is lower among people under 21 than among adults in most other age-groups.
E. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people over 21 have increased slightly since 1990.


IMO B... If now people under the age group 21 avoids alcohol consumption away from home, then the traffic related deaths will automaticaly reduce, because they wont need to drive to go to bars and restaraunts for drinking alchohol.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2009, 11:06
The answer should be B. If alcohol consumption in bars and restaurants and places away from home has gone down then there is no need for young people to drive back home, and risk getting into an accident. Therefore although, the total alcohol consumption among those under 21 has gone up, most of it is done at home, where there is no need to drive and thus risk getting into an accident.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2009, 18:58
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A. For the population as a whole, annual alcohol consumption is no lower now than it was in 1990. -Additional Fact
B. Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bars and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21 than it was in 1990. - People do not have to drive to public places for drinking and drinking being restricted to home eliminates the chance of alcohol related traffic accidents. - Correct Answer
C. The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990. - Deepens Paradox
D. Alcohol consumption is lower among people under 21 than among adults in most other age-groups. - Irrelevant comparison
E. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people over 21 have increased slightly since 1990. - Out of scope

Hence answer B
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2012, 23:31
B all the way.

Alchohol consumption for people under 21 is banned in public. This would mean kids would not drink at bars. But they might continue to do so in private ie at home etc.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2012, 02:37
B is the answer. Alcohol-related traffic deaths in the demographic segment in question has reduced because its constituents drink less at places away from home, where some of them ostensibly might have to drive to and from, reducing the likelihood of accidents.


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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2012, 14:09
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The Argument: Under-21 drinking is banned and traffic accidents amongst that group drop. At the same time, the group continues to drink the same amount. Apparently, the group is not driving as much as did previously. Designated drivers, drinking in places near public transportation, i.e. any situation in which under-21ers are drinking but NOT driving can help us resolve discrepancy.

A. For the population as a whole, annual alcohol consumption is no lower now than it was in 1990.

We only care about under-21 group.

B. Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bars and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21 than it was in 1990.

Hmm, if people aren't even leaving their homes when they drink, then they are not driving. This helps us resolve the paradox.

C. The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990.

We only care about under-21ers who are drinking.

D. Alcohol consumption is lower among people under 21 than among adults in most other age-groups.

Comparing age groups does not help resolve discrepancy.

E. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people over 21 have increased slightly since 1990.

Again, we are concerned with under-21ers.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2012, 07:02
Yeah B says the drunkards are having way too much fun in places other than accident areas.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2012, 05:01
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gmatbull wrote:
In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legally used to be 18. In 1990, in an attempt to
reduce alcohol consumption and thereby to reduce alcohol -related traffic deaths, among Berinians under 21,
the legal drinking age was raised to 21. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people under 21 have decreased
significantly since 1990. Nevertheless, surveys show that people in that age-group drink as much alcohol as they
did before 1990.

Which of the following, if true of Berinia, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy?

A: For the population as a whole, annual alcohol consumption is no lower now than it was in 1990 OUT OF SCOPE
B: Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bar and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21
than it was in 1990. CORRECT THE LEGAL DRINKING AGE RAISED TO 21 --> PPL UNDER 21'S CONSUMPTION DECREASED SIGNIFICATLY away from home --> ALCOHOL RELATED TRAFFIC DEATHS AMONG UNDER 21 DECREASED EVEN IF THE CONSUMPTION IS THE SAME AS IT WAS IN 1990 FOR THIS PPL WHO ARE UNDER 21
C: The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990. OWNING A CAR DOESN'T EXPLAIN WHY ALCOHOL-RELATED TRAFFIC DEATHS DECREASED AMONG PPL UND 21
D: Alcohol consumption is lower among people under 21 than among adults in mist other age -groups WE ARE NOT COMPARING THE TWO GROUPS OF PPL
E: Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people over 21 have increased slightly since 1990.
OUT OF SCOPE WE ARE CONCERNED WITH PPL UNDER 21
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2012, 05:34
In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legally used to be 18. In 1990, in an attempt to
reduce alcohol consumption and thereby to reduce alcohol -related traffic deaths, among Berinians under 21,
the legal drinking age was raised to 21. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people under 21 have decreased
significantly since 1990. Nevertheless, surveys show that people in that age-group drink as much alcohol as they
did before 1990.

Which of the following, if true of Berinia, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy?

p1: legal drinking age was 18 ( before 1990 )
p2: legal drinking age increased to 21 in order to reduce death rates ( after 1990 )
Conclusion:
( same level of alcohol consumption) ----- > ( traffic accident deaths @ age 21 decreased )
( before & after 1990) ( after 1990 )

A: For the population as a whole, annual alcohol consumption is no lower now than it was in 1990
here annual consumption has do link in decrease in accident death rates - No

B: Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bar and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21 than it was in 1990
Alcohol consumption away from home decreases, since drinking is not legal under age 21 ; so there is no chance of drinking & driving ; hence,accident under age 21 decreases - yes

C: The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990.
owning car has no link on decrease in accident death rates - no

D: Alcohol consumption is lower among people under 21 than among adults in mist other age -groups
In question stem,that people in that age-group drink as much alcohol as they
did before - no

E: Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people over 21 have increased slightly since 1990.
we concern only about people under age not over age- no

Hence - B
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2012, 05:38
B is correct in that it gives us the fact that people under 21 now drink , most probably at their home. Thus, the chance of drunk people under 21 driving the vehicle has probably reduced. As the drunk people have reduced driving, so thereby chances of accidents has also reduced.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2013, 01:32
Paradox:
There has been a decreased in traffic deaths.
Yet, the alcohol consumption of those under 21 was the same as before the new regulation.


A: For the population as a whole, annual alcohol consumption is no lower now than it was in 1990
If consumption before and now is the same, how do we resolve the traffic-death decline? We are left in the dark here. OUT!

B: Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bar and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21
than it was in 1990.
Most of the alcohol drinking is not away from home (or in bars)... Less drink and drive... This explains the paradox. BINGO!

C: The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990.
Okay? But why did the traffic-death decline after the new regulation. We are left in the dark here. OUT!

D: Alcohol consumption is lower among people under 21 than among adults in mist other age -groups
Still doesn't resolve the paradox.

E: Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people over 21 have increased slightly since 1990.
Still doesn't resolve the paradox about traffic-death decline vs. same alcohol consumption

The answer is B. Even if the alcohol consumption was the same, the traffic death decline was realized because of less drink and drive.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2013, 08:09
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I feel this is the best answer available. How do we connect the dots here??
argument says- people under the age of 21 drink as much as they did before
Accidents related deaths among 21 age group reduced.
how does alcohol drinking away from home reduce the traffic deaths? Why should we assume or think that they drive back home after drinking?
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2015, 05:52
In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legally used to be 18. In 1990, in an attempt to reduce alcohol consumption and thereby to reduce alcohol related traffic deaths among Berinians under 21, the legal drinking age was raised to 21.
Alcohol-related trafficdeaths among people under 21 have decreased significantly since 1990.Nevertheless, surveys show that people in that age-group drink just as much alcohol as they did before 1990.

Which of the following, if true of Berinia, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy?

Correct answer shall answer 2 key points:
1: why traffic death among ppl under 21 decreased
2: why the alcohol consumption among ppl under 21 is still same.

B Vs C:
B. Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bars and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21 than it was in 1990.
>> This answers both of the points. they r still drinking but at home. So chances of traffic accidents r less.

C. The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990.
>> Most important thing: drink n drive is always dangerous :) .
Firstly, this doesn't give much detail to answer the discrepancy.May be, along with cars they also got drivers or they drive the car themselves.
Secondly, it doesnt answers mentioned key points. So is B wins.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2016, 22:40
In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legally used to be 18.
In 1990, in an attempt to reduce alcohol consumption and thereby to reduce alcoholrelated traffic deaths among Berinians under 21, the legal drinking age was raised to 21. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people under 21 have decreased significantly since 1990. Nevertheless, surveys show that people in that age-group drink just as much alcohol as they did before 1990.

Which of the following, if true of Berinia, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy?

A. For the population as a whole, annual alcohol consumption is no lower now than it was in 1990............this is already mentioned in the argument and does not affect or address the discrepancy in any manner.

B. Alcohol consumption away from home, for example in bars and restaurants, is much lower among people under 21 than it was in 1990......................Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people under 21 have decreased but alcohol consumption is same indicates that they do not travel & drink outside but continue to drink in their nearby surroundings.

C. The proportion of people under 21 who own a car is higher now than it was in 1990...............(owning car may incline towards Alcohol-related traffic deaths but they reduced actually..........so does not make sense at all.)

D. Alcohol consumption is lower among people under 21 than among adults in most other age-groups............other age groups are out of scope here.

E. Alcohol-related traffic deaths among people over 21 have increased slightly since 1990.........we are concerned about people under 21 only here in this argument. Info regarding over 21 population is out of scope.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2019, 09:08
B: What happen if they drink at home and then drive?
The Answer doesn't make sense.
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Re: In Berinia, the age at which people could begin to drink alcohol legal   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2019, 09:08
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