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In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude

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In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.


(A) the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting

(B) borrowing images from ancient classicism, suggests

(C) she borrowed images from ancient classicism, which suggests

(D) images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests

(E) images that she borrowed from ancient classicism, suggesting


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 111: Sentence Correction


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Originally posted by sondenso on 06 May 2008, 17:49.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Nov 2018, 08:14, edited 4 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2012, 16:10
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'Borrowing of images' violates the parallelism of X (solar imagery) and Y (thoughts and figures). Both X and Y are nouns therefore 'Z' has to be a noun. 'Borrowing of images' is a gerund phrase. Instead a simple noun for Z, such as 'images' fixes this problem.

Hope that helps!
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QOTD: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 14:05
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One key to this question is figuring out what, exactly, needs to be parallel. The underlined portion starts immediately after the parallelism trigger "and" -- so we'll focus most our energy there. (For more on parallelism -- including some examples that are much tougher than this one -- check out our YouTube webinar on parallelism and meaning.)

Quote:
(A) the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting

The parallelism in (A) gives us a list of three things: "...Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and the images she borrowed..." That's reasonable enough: she blended those three things together. So I think the parallelism is OK.

Trouble is, we don't really have a legitimate sentence in (A). To have a full sentence, you need an independent clause -- basically, a subject and a verb. The subject is "blending", but there's no verb "performed" by the subject. "Suggesting" isn't a verb here, since it isn't preceded by a form of "to be." (More on "-ing" words here.) So (A) is gone.

Quote:
(B) borrowing images from ancient classicism, suggests

In (B), "and" is followed by "borrowing", so we need to find something that's parallel to "borrowing." It has to be "blending", right? Superficially, that's not bad: "...Wheatley's blending of solar imagery... and borrowing images from ancient classicism..."

But then what the heck is the phrase "Judeo-Christian thought and figures" doing here? I can't make any sense of it at all. It isn't part of a list in (B), and it doesn't logically modify "solar imagery." So on that basis alone, (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) she borrowed images from ancient classicism, which suggests

This one has all sorts of problems. For starters, there's a straightforward, classic modifier error. The phrase "which suggests her range and depth of influences" seems to modify "ancient classicism", and that makes no sense at all. You could argue that the phrase beginning with "which" modifies "images from ancient classicism", but then there's a subject-verb issue. If you're in a hurry, that's enough to wipe out (C).

But there's also a broader structural problem with the sentence. "Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and she borrowed images from ancient classicism..." Huh? The subject of the sentence is "Wheatley's blending" again, but it never actually performs a verb.

Quote:
(D) images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests

(D) seems to fix all of our problems. The parallelism works, much as it does in (A): "...Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and images borrowed from ancient classicism..." That's a perfectly legit list of three different things (nouns) that she blended together. And the subject-verb agreement makes sense, too: "... Wheatley's blending [of three things] suggests her depth and range of influences..." So the subject actually has a verb that makes sense in (D). Let's keep it.

Quote:
(E) images that she borrowed from ancient classicism, suggesting

I'd be a little bit happier with (E) if it said "images borrowed from ancient classicism" instead of "images that she borrowed from ancient classicism." It just seems like a waste of words, but that's not necessarily wrong. The parallelism is basically OK: the list still consists of three parallel nouns.

The trouble is, the main subject ("Wheatley's blending") doesn't actually "perform" a verb, since "suggesting" isn't a verb here. It's the same problem as in (A). So (E) can be eliminated, and (D) is the best answer.
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2008, 21:06
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bkk145 wrote:
sondenso wrote:
30. In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.

(A) the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting
(B) borrowing images from ancient classicism, suggests
(C) she borrowed images from ancient classicism, which suggests
(D) images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests
(E) images that she borrowed from ancient classicism, suggesting

Honestly, I even dont know where the subject, where the verb? Give me your hand! Thanks


D too.
A, C, E has possessive pronoun problem. B violates ||ism
Here is the breakdown:

In her later poems,

(These are parallel)
(1) Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery,
(2) Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and
(3) the images borrowed from ancient classicism

suggests her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.


bkk is there: (These are parallel)

Phyllis Wheatley's blending of
(1) solar imagery,
(2) Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and
(3) the images borrowed from ancient classicism

suggests her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.[/quote]


subject: Phyllis Wheatley's blending of
(1) solar imagery,
(2) Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and
(3) the images borrowed from ancient classicism
verb: suggests

not an easy one:- 750+ question.
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2008, 18:37
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Confusing one..
I will go with D.
Phyllis Wheatley's blending of {X, Y, and Z} suggests....
(here Y = (a and b)
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2008, 19:39
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sondenso wrote:
30.
In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.

(A) the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting
(B) borrowing images from ancient classicism, suggests
(C) she borrowed images from ancient classicism, which suggests
(D) images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests
(E) images that she borrowed from ancient classicism, suggesting

Honestly, I even dont know where the subject, where the verb? Give me your hand! Thanks


D too.
A, C, E has possessive pronoun problem. B violates ||ism
Here is the breakdown:

In her later poems,

(These are parallel)
(1) Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery,
(2) Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and
(3) the images borrowed from ancient classicism

suggests her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2012, 17:13
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Singular Subject, so "suggests"will suit.
(A) , (E) Eliminated

In (C) ,which(comma which) is modifying classicism -incorrect
Final fight ; (B) Vs (D)

so,Lets have a look:-

"...Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, AND images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests...."

is the desired sentence.Now the problem is two ANDs.
first and is to mention two items in one sub-roof-christian thoughts and figures
second AND is to sum up the third list in the same major roof "......Phyllis Wheatley's blending of X,(P and Q) , AND Z

Hope this works !
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2012, 11:11
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Am I right in stating that in a statement as such one cannot use She as there is not antecedent for "she"..and her can be used because there is Phyllis Wheatley's?
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2012, 11:48
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pavanpuneet wrote:
Am I right in stating that in a statement as such one cannot use She as there is not antecedent for "she"..and her can be used because there is Phyllis Wheatley's?

Hi there,

Yes, you are absolutely correct. Usage of "she" is incorrect in this sentence because this pronoun has no antecedent to refer to. Notice that "Phyllis Wheatley's" is in possessive form, meaning this entity is an adjective here and not a noun. A noun possessive noun cannot refer to this possessive noun. Only the possessive pronoun "her" can refer to this entity as we have in the beginning of the sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2014, 06:13
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How come the usage of suggests is correct. Shouldn't it be suggest?
Please help!
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Jude  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2014, 06:21
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ankurgupta03 wrote:
How come the usage of suggests is correct. Shouldn't it be suggest?
Please help!

blending is the subject and hence, singular.

The structure of the sentence is: Phyllis Wheatley's blending of X, Y and Z suggests...
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2016, 00:25
In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.

(A) the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting --> Missing Verb Mistake
(B) borrowing images from ancient classicism, suggests --> llism Mistake
(C) she borrowed images from ancient classicism, which suggests --> Missing Verb Mistake
(D) images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests --> Correct
(E) images that she borrowed from ancient classicism, suggesting --> Missing Verb Mistake
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2016, 00:30
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Well, two factors come into play. 1. Subject –verb agreement and 2. List parallelism.
The subject blending is singular. Hence the correct verb is 'suggests'. The participle ‘suggesting’ in A and E renders the sentences into a fragment.
Among B, C and D: B is wrong because borrowing images is not parallel to imagery and though and figures.
In the case of C the clause ‘she borrowed, is not parallel to the nouns imagery and though and figures. In addition, the sentence is a fragment because of the undue intrusion of the relative pronoun ‘which’.
What is left is D; borrowed images tallies with the other nouns in the list. D wins.
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2016, 06:16
This is a difficult sentence for me :-
Because I donot quiet understand what is being talked about :-
My question is "Judeo-Christian thought and figures" does this contain the main subject and main verb of this sentence?
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Re: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2016, 04:19
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HMC wrote:
This is a difficult sentence for me :-
Because I donot quiet understand what is being talked about :-
My question is "Judeo-Christian thought and figures" does this contain the main subject and main verb of this sentence?


Sentence Construction
Noun Verb

Question
In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending
of
    solar imagery,
    Judeo-Christian thought and figures,and
    the images she borrowed from ancient classicism
suggesting her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.

Parallel elements
    solar imagery, - noun phrase
    Judeo-Christian thought and figures - noun phrase, thought is not used a verb in past tense, but a noun
    the images she borrowed from ancient classicism - she borrowed, makes this element a clause, so not parallel with others (noun phrases)

Answer
In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending
of
    solar imagery,
    Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and
    images borrowed from ancient classicism
suggests her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.

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Re: QOTD: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 18:19
In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.
(A) the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting Lack of verb leads to a Fragmented sentence. Hence Incorrect.
(B) borrowing images from ancient classicism, suggests
- Blending of X, Y, & Z. X & Y are NOUN, so Z should be noun as well. Parallelism is not maintained among three items. Hence Incorrect
(C) she borrowed images from ancient classicism, which suggests
- Blending of X, Y, & Z. X & Y are NOUN, so Z should be noun as well. Parallelism is not maintained among three items. Lack of verb leads to a Fragmented sentence. Incorrect use of WHICH. Hence Incorrect
(D) images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests - CORRECT
(E) images that she borrowed from ancient classicism, suggesting Lack of verb leads to a Fragmented sentence. Hence Incorrect.
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QOTD: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 21:06
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GMATNinja I have 1 doubt in this question. Three things are suggesting something about a person's something, then how can we use a singular "suggests"; shouldn't "suggests" be replaced with "suggest" in all the options?

In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.

"social imagery", "thought and figures" and "images" should be parallel

(A) the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting -the usage of "suggesting" makes this sentence a fragment.
(B) borrowing images from ancient classicism, suggests -"borrowing" is not parallel
(C) she borrowed images from ancient classicism, which suggests -"she" makes the structure unparallel
(D) images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests -Correct maintains parallelism.
(E) images that she borrowed from ancient classicism, suggesting -the usage of "suggesting" makes this sentence a fragment.
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QOTD: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 01:02
hi, can someone please explain why we have 'figures , and the images she borrowed...' in the original sentence
how is it different in meaning from a sentence that says 'figures and the images she borrowed..'

it would really help if someone could answer this one.
I am not sure i have come across , and so easily in newspapers etc. Maybe I have not been reading carefully enough, Hence I am not aware of this essential rule.
can some one be kind enough to throw some light on this. :roll: :-D
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QOTD: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 02:17
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gmatexam439 wrote:
GMATNinja I have 1 doubt in this question. Three things are suggesting something about a person's something, then how can we use a singular "suggests"; shouldn't "suggests" be replaced with "suggest" in all the options?

In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of solar imagery, Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.

"social imagery", "thought and figures" and "images" should be parallel

(A) the images she borrowed from ancient classicism suggesting -the usage of "suggesting" makes this sentence a fragment.
(B) borrowing images from ancient classicism, suggests -"borrowing" is not parallel
(C) she borrowed images from ancient classicism, which suggests -"she" makes the structure unparallel
(D) images borrowed from ancient classicism suggests -Correct maintains parallelism.
(E) images that she borrowed from ancient classicism, suggesting -the usage of "suggesting" makes this sentence a fragment.



Hello gmatexam439,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

Let's take a look at the structure of correct sentence:

In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's blending of

    solar imagery,
    Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and
    images borrowed from ancient classicism


suggests
her range and depth of influences, not the least of which is her African heritage.


Please note that the subject of the sentence is singular noun blending and hence takes singular verb suggests. The said imagery, the figures, and the images do not act as the subject.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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QOTD: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 02:26
2
doeadoer wrote:
hi, can someone please explain why we have 'figures , and the images she borrowed...' in the original sentence
how is it different in meaning from a sentence that says 'figures and the images she borrowed..'

it would really help if someone could answer this one.
I am not sure i have come across , and so easily in newspapers etc. Maybe I have not been reading carefully enough, Hence I am not aware of this essential rule.
can some one be kind enough to throw some light on this. :roll: :-D




Hello doeadoer,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)


Take a look at my post just above this one to see the structure of the sentence.

Per the sentence, three elements make the parallel list:
    i. solar imagery,
    ii. Judeo-Christian thought and figures, and
    iii. the images she borrowed from ancient classicism



Whenever a parallel list consists of more than two elements, the connector joining all the parallel elements in the list is preceded by a comma. Hence, we see the usage of comma + and in this sentence.

In fact, this is a very common usage across GMAT SC parallelism questions. You can review any SC problem on parallelism containing more than two parallel elements in a list. They all have a comma preceding the connector.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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QOTD: In her later poems, Phyllis Wheatley's   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2017, 02:26

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