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In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again

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In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2015, 06:36
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In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, stressed the importance of an organism's interaction with the physical world.

A. In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence,
B. Arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics,
C. Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics, arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence
D. Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics argued against its emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence
E. In his writings on evolutionary robotics, in which he argues against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, Rodney Brooks
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2015, 07:56
IMO E
a tough one indeed, not easy to spot error right away, but then POE comes handy in such situations.

A- -ing modifier error as the arguing doesn't seem to correctly refer to the main subject- looks more of a run-on sentence with incorrect commas
B- modifier error again
C-Incorrect comma placements creating run-on situation
D-Pronoun ambiguity its...and meaning change
E- Though pretty wordy, it emerges as the least erroneous sentence among the other choices

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In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2015, 02:06
reto wrote:
In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, stressed the importance of an organism's interaction with the physical world.

A. In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence,
B. Arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics,
C. Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics, arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence
D. Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics argued against its emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence
E. In his writings on evolutionary robotics, in which he argues against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, Rodney Brooks


What is wrong with answer choices A & B?

Reto,

I thought that the participial phrase - modifier - can be placed anywhere in the sentence as long as it is properly enclosed by a set of commas in the beginning and in the end!

Although in B, one might get a sense that - Rodney Brooks is generally arguing against the emphasis on .........and that he doesn't argue specifically in his writing. However, answer choice A, I believe, aptly corrects this sense.

Apparently, there is something wrong with the above?

Would appreciate your assistance!

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In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2015, 01:42
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I selected A over E.
Below is the OE for A from Economist gmat site

Quote:
Certain advanced Sentence Correction questions focus more on issues of style and sentence structure than on grammar. In this type of question, stylistic flaws and poorly constructed sentences are more common than grammatical mistakes.

In this sentence, two modifiers modify the subject Rodney Brooks:

In his writings on evolutionary robotics
arguing against the emphasis ...
Note that these modifiers are related because Brooks makes his argument in his writings.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed. Placing one modifier before the subject and the other modifier after the subject creates an interruption in the flow of the sentence that is confusing. Look for an answer choice that places these two statements together.

OE for E:
In this sentence, two modifiers modify the subject Rodney Brooks:

In his writings on evolutionary robotics
arguing against the emphasis ...
Note that these modifiers are related because Brooks makes his argument in his writings.

This answer choice corrects the original stylistic flaw and achieves greater clarity by turning one of the modifiers into a relative clause (in which he argues, etc.) to accurately indicate the connection between the two modifiers.

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In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2015, 03:15
JarvisR wrote:
I selected A over E.
Below is the OE for A from Economist gmat site

Quote:
Certain advanced Sentence Correction questions focus more on issues of style and sentence structure than on grammar. In this type of question, stylistic flaws and poorly constructed sentences are more common than grammatical mistakes.

In this sentence, two modifiers modify the subject Rodney Brooks:

In his writings on evolutionary robotics
arguing against the emphasis ...
Note that these modifiers are related because Brooks makes his argument in his writings.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed. Placing one modifier before the subject and the other modifier after the subject creates an interruption in the flow of the sentence that is confusing. Look for an answer choice that places these two statements together.

OE for E:
In this sentence, two modifiers modify the subject Rodney Brooks:

In his writings on evolutionary robotics
arguing against the emphasis ...
Note that these modifiers are related because Brooks makes his argument in his writings.

This answer choice corrects the original stylistic flaw and achieves greater clarity by turning one of the modifiers into a relative clause (in which he argues, etc.) to accurately indicate the connection between the two modifiers.


Hello Jarvis
I agree with the explanation. Although I found it very hard to digest when I attempted this question yesterday, another question has made it clear that - Advanced GMAT questions test one's ability to put answer in more direct possible way, apart from the grammar.

Here, take a look at this question - although-blue-herons-can-still-be-found-along-the-maine-144115.html

I chose E, and even though E is grammatically correct, the answer is apparently C!

Learnt it hard way! :)
Cheers!

Last edited by pavankarwa123 on 28 May 2015, 06:35, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2015, 20:12
Hi,

Could someone pls explain what is the modifier error in option B?

According to option B: Arguing rightly refers to Rodney Brooks....while as per option E Rodney's writings are arguing which I feel is incorrect...

Please correct me if I am wrong.

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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2015, 21:10
Hii,

I prefer E is correct.

Reason: Main subject Rodney Brooks is placed right before the main verb stressed.GMAT prefers such construction.

Have a look on this official questn
Beatrix potter,in her book illustrations,carefully coordinating them with her narratives,capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world.

Structure: Main subject, Modifier1, Modifier2, Main verb............

Now correct answer:
In her book illustrations,which she carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix potter capitalized on blah blah blah.

Hope this helps

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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 05:53
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Good question. So, bumping it.

As per the meaning of the sentence, Rodney brooks wrote something in which he argued about something else and then he stressed another thing.

If this meaning is clear, it is very easy to find the error.

A. In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, Looks like He stressed in his writings but argued somewhere else.
B. Arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics, Same as A
C. Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics, arguing against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence : Again, same as A and too many modifiers connected together.
D. Rodney Brooks, in his writings on evolutionary robotics argued against its emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence: It looks like robotics argued against something. Change in meaning. Hence, incorrect
E. In his writings on evolutionary robotics, in which he argues against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, Rodney Brooks: Correct answer
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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 10:24
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E. In his writings on evolutionary robotics, in which he argues against the emphasis on symbolic processing as a model of artificial intelligence, Rodney Brooks

In E, the supposedly correct choice, I am perplexed as to what this style is called wherein one the same author, in the same writing, at the same time, discussing two topics that occur at the same time argues in the present tense for one factor in the subordinate clause and stressed the importance of the other in the past tense in the main clause!
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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2017, 20:33
How to approach questions like this?

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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 01:56
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Quote

Quote:
Below is the OE for A from Economist GMAT
Certain advanced Sentence Correction questions focus more on issues of style and sentence structure than on grammar. In this type of question, stylistic flaws and poorly constructed sentences are more common than grammatical mistakes.

In this sentence, two modifiers modify the subject, Rodney Brooks:
In his writings on evolutionary robotics
arguing against the emphasis ...
Note that these modifiers are related because Brooks makes his argument in his writings.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed. Placing one modifier before the subject and the other modifier after the subject creates an interruption in the flow of the sentence that is confusing. Look for an answer choice that places these two statements together.
OE for E:
In this sentence, two modifiers modify the subject, Rodney Brooks:

In his writings on evolutionary robotics
arguing against the emphasis ...
Note that these modifiers are related because Brooks makes his argument in his writings.

This answer choice corrects the original stylistic flaw and achieves greater clarity by turning one of the modifiers into a relative clause (in which he argues, etc.) to accurately indicate the connection between the two modifiers.


The idea that the correct choice in some advanced SC issues is decided more on style such as those mentioned in their OE is debatable.
It may be seen from the given Official examples that this is not an issue as far as GMAT is concerned. There must be some stronger reasons for rejecting the choices than such trivial phenomena


In 1791 Robert Carter III, one of the wealthiest plantation owners in Virginia, stunned his family, friends, and neighbors by filing a deed of emancipation, setting free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered his property.

(A) setting free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered
(B) setting free more than the 500 slaves legally considered as
(C) and set free more than 500 slaves, who were legally considered as
(D) and set free more than the 500 slaves who were legally considered
(E) and he set free the more than 500 slaves who were legally considered as

Ans: A


Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.

(A) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,

(B) Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, having the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it, a technique called proton-induced x-ray emission

(C) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it,

(D) A technique originally developed for detecting air pollutants, called proton-induced x-ray emission, which has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying it,

(E) A technique that was originally developed for detecting air pollutants and has the ability to analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance quickly and without destroying the substance, called proton-induced x-ray emission,
Ans: A

in 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.


A . laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and

B. laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is

C. laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and

D. laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845, it is

E .laws that was an observation about electric current first made in 1845, and is

Ans: A.
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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 06:12
JarvisR wrote:
I selected A over E.
Below is the OE for A from Economist gmat site

Quote:
Certain advanced Sentence Correction questions focus more on issues of style and sentence structure than on grammar. In this type of question, stylistic flaws and poorly constructed sentences are more common than grammatical mistakes.

In this sentence, two modifiers modify the subject Rodney Brooks:

In his writings on evolutionary robotics
arguing against the emphasis ...
Note that these modifiers are related because Brooks makes his argument in his writings.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed. Placing one modifier before the subject and the other modifier after the subject creates an interruption in the flow of the sentence that is confusing. Look for an answer choice that places these two statements together.

OE for E:
In this sentence, two modifiers modify the subject Rodney Brooks:

In his writings on evolutionary robotics
arguing against the emphasis ...
Note that these modifiers are related because Brooks makes his argument in his writings.

This answer choice corrects the original stylistic flaw and achieves greater clarity by turning one of the modifiers into a relative clause (in which he argues, etc.) to accurately indicate the connection between the two modifiers.


Adhering to the rules, Option C also seems to be correct.
Both the modifiers are placed one after the other.
Experts, pl inform why Option C is incorrect.

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Re: In his writings on evolutionary robotics, Rodney Brooks, arguing again   [#permalink] 02 Dec 2017, 06:12
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