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In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

A 5760 B 14400 C 480 D 56 E 40320

HEre's what I did :

5! * (4C3) *2* 3! = 120*6*4*2= 5760. Am I correct?

Consider the following arrangement:

*B*B*B*B*B*

Now, if girls occupy the places of 6 stars no girls will be together.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is \(C^3_6=20\); # of ways 3 girls can be arranged on these places is \(3!=6\); # of ways 5 boys can be arranged is \(5!=120\).

So total # of ways to arrange 3 Girls and 5 boys so that no girls are together is \(20*6*120=14,400\).

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 12:37

Bunuel wrote:

voodoochild wrote:

In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

A 5760 B 14400 C 480 D 56 E 40320

HEre's what I did :

5! * (4C3) *2* 3! = 120*6*4*2= 5760. Am I correct?

Consider the following arrangement:

*B*B*B*B*B*

Now, if girls occupy the places of 6 stars no girls will be together.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is \(C^3_6=20\); # of ways 3 girls can be arranged on these places is \(3!=6\); # of ways 5 boys can be arranged is \(5!=120\).

So total # of ways to arrange 3 Girls and 5 boys so that no girls are together is \(20*6*120=14,000\).

Answer: B.

Bunuel,

Here's what I thought:

_ O _ O _ O _ O

3 G can occupy any of the 4 "_" positions in 4C3 ways.

Similar Girls could also occupy any of the 4 "O" positions in 4C3 ways.

Boys can be permuted in 5! ways. Girls - 3! Therefore arrangements = 4C3* 2 * 5! * 3! = 4*2*120*6= 5760. Can you please let me know what I am missing?

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 13:32

Bunuel wrote:

voodoochild wrote:

In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

A 5760 B 14400 C 480 D 56 E 40320

HEre's what I did :

5! * (4C3) *2* 3! = 120*6*4*2= 5760. Am I correct?

Consider the following arrangement:

*B*B*B*B*B*

Now, if girls occupy the places of 6 stars no girls will be together.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is \(C^3_6=20\); # of ways 3 girls can be arranged on these places is \(3!=6\); # of ways 5 boys can be arranged is \(5!=120\).

So total # of ways to arrange 3 Girls and 5 boys so that no girls are together is \(20*6*120=14,000\).

Answer: B.

Small typo: \(20*6*120=14,000\) should be 14,400.
_________________

PhD in Applied Mathematics Love GMAT Quant questions and running.

1 case is GGBGBBBB. Total number of ways=3!*5!*5 with just shifting the rightmost girl. Then the 2 leftmost girls can shift one position , and using the above reasoning, the total number of ways = 3!*5!*4 and so on till the rightmost girl has 1 position.

So total number of ways = 3!*5!(5+4+3+2+1)=120*90=10800

Similarly another case is: GBGGBBBB. Using the above reasoning, the total number of cases is: 3!*5!*(15) =10800

Let us take 3 girls sitting together

GGGBBBBB There are 3! *5! Ways. The 3 leftmost girls can shift 6 positions. So there are a total of 3!*5!*6=4320 ways

So total is 2*10800 + 4320=25920

The total number of possibilities = 8! Ways =40,320 Answer is 40320-25920=14400 Hence B.
_________________

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2016, 06:50

[quote="Bunuel"][quote="chetan2u"][quote="Bunuel"][quote="voodoochild"]In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

A 5760 B 14400 C 480 D 56 E 40320

Hi Bunuel,

What is the error in this solutions : 8! - 6!3!

Total ways - girls together = not together

Regards,

Hi, the Q asks to negate even when two are together.. What you have used is only when all three are together.. that is why your answer, 36000, is more than the actual, 14400..

Hope you have realized where you have gone wrong.. _________________

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2016, 21:44

hello chetan2u@

I want to know how can it be done the other way round,subtracting from the total number of cases: Say we have 3 girls:G1 G2 and G3. In the first case,we can take G1 and G2 as a single element,so it will be B1B2B3B4B5G3(G1G2)=7!*2! Similarly we can take for G2 and G3,considering them as a single element:B1B2B3B4B5G1(G2G3)=7!*2! And for G1 and G3,considering them as a single element,we again have 7!*2! Total number of cases=8! So,Cases where no two girls are together=8!-7!*2!*3=10080.

I am unable to understand,what is wrong in this approach?

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2016, 10:02

Bunuel wrote:

voodoochild wrote:

In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

A 5760 B 14400 C 480 D 56 E 40320

HEre's what I did :

5! * (4C3) *2* 3! = 120*6*4*2= 5760. Am I correct?

Consider the following arrangement:

*B*B*B*B*B*

Now, if girls occupy the places of 6 stars no girls will be together.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is \(C^3_6=20\); # of ways 3 girls can be arranged on these places is \(3!=6\); # of ways 5 boys can be arranged is \(5!=120\).

So total # of ways to arrange 3 Girls and 5 boys so that no girls are together is \(20*6*120=14,400\).

Answer: B.

I am not sure in this kind of problems why don't we consider the following arrangements : BGBBGBGB, BBGBGBGB etc when two of the boys are together

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2016, 10:13

siddharthharsh wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

voodoochild wrote:

In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

A 5760 B 14400 C 480 D 56 E 40320

HEre's what I did :

5! * (4C3) *2* 3! = 120*6*4*2= 5760. Am I correct?

Consider the following arrangement:

*B*B*B*B*B*

Now, if girls occupy the places of 6 stars no girls will be together.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is \(C^3_6=20\); # of ways 3 girls can be arranged on these places is \(3!=6\); # of ways 5 boys can be arranged is \(5!=120\).

So total # of ways to arrange 3 Girls and 5 boys so that no girls are together is \(20*6*120=14,400\).

Answer: B.

I am not sure in this kind of problems why don't we consider the following arrangements : BGBBGBGB, BBGBGBGB etc when two of the boys are together

Notice that we have already included these scenarios out of 14,400.

See, Bunuel has already included 5 places for Boys and 6 places for Girls, while we have 8 people in total.
_________________

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2016, 10:29

abhimahna wrote:

Notice that we have already included these scenarios out of 14,400.

See, Bunuel has already included 5 places for Boys and 6 places for Girls, while we have 8 people in total.

Thanks. So the logic is whenever the space that was left out for girls to occupy is vacant then the two adjacent boys are actually together. Was kind of difficult to see unless I formulated it in my own words. That is the trick with P&C and probability, kind of seems obvious if you have nailed it, but requires a bit of imagination in some easy ones too.

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2016, 19:22

Bunuel wrote:

voodoochild wrote:

In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

A 5760 B 14400 C 480 D 56 E 40320

HEre's what I did :

5! * (4C3) *2* 3! = 120*6*4*2= 5760. Am I correct?

Consider the following arrangement:

*B*B*B*B*B*

Now, if girls occupy the places of 6 stars no girls will be together.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is \(C^3_6=20\); # of ways 3 girls can be arranged on these places is \(3!=6\); # of ways 5 boys can be arranged is \(5!=120\).

So total # of ways to arrange 3 Girls and 5 boys so that no girls are together is \(20*6*120=14,400\).

Answer: B.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is [m]C^3_6=20

In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2016, 22:53

acegmat123 wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

voodoochild wrote:

In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 chairs so that no two girls are together?

A 5760 B 14400 C 480 D 56 E 40320

HEre's what I did :

5! * (4C3) *2* 3! = 120*6*4*2= 5760. Am I correct?

Consider the following arrangement:

*B*B*B*B*B*

Now, if girls occupy the places of 6 stars no girls will be together.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is \(C^3_6=20\); # of ways 3 girls can be arranged on these places is \(3!=6\); # of ways 5 boys can be arranged is \(5!=120\).

So total # of ways to arrange 3 Girls and 5 boys so that no girls are together is \(20*6*120=14,400\).

Answer: B.

# of ways 3 girls can occupy the places of these 6 stars is \(C^3_6=20

Re: In how many ways can 5 boys and 3 girls be seated on 8 [#permalink]

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