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In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given

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In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Aug 2019, 16:40
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A
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C
D
E

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In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine the qualities of that sound.


(A) in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine

(B) in the two ears hearing a given sound help the listener in determining

(C) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine

(D) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining

(E) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining

https://www.nytimes.com/1999/11/09/science/observatory.html

In human hearing, subtle differences in the sound that reaches the two ears help the listener determine the qualities of the sound. Now, researchers at Stanford University have shown that the nose works in stereo too.

Originally posted by misterJJ2u on 25 Jun 2007, 23:43.
Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Aug 2019, 16:40, edited 6 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2010, 23:37
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In the above passage, subtle differences is the plural subject. Its verb should be plural (help) Determine is neither a part of the main verb nor another new verb. It is simply an infinitive –to determine- with the to being elliptical.

Second question is which is better – whether the infinitive ‘to determine’ or the prepositional ‘in determining’. The infinitive is the right kind of idiom.
So let’s look forward to a combination of the plural verb help and the idiomatic to determine / determine.

Hence A is the only choice
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2010, 04:16
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agold wrote:
In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine the qualities of that sound.

(A) in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine
(B) in the two ears hearing a given sound help the listener in determining
(C) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine
(D) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining
(E) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining


Just to sum up the important issues you have all brought up here:

(A) in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine
.... "differences" (plural subject) "in how...." (prepositional phrase-- skip this to find the verb for the subject) "determine" (plural verb). GOOD!

(B) in the two ears hearing a given sound help the listener in determining

"differences" (plural subject).... "help" (plural verb)--> outside structure is fine, but we need to check the details!

TIP: Use the possessive before a gerund!!

Incorrect: The teacher was annoyed with them talking during class.
Incorrect: The teacher was annoyed with the students talking during class.
Correct: The teacher was annoyed with their talking during class.
Correct: The teacher was annoyed with the students' talking during class.

Idiom: help (verb) ...someone/something... do/to do something


[/color]
(C) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine

"differences" (plural subject).... "determine" (plural verb)--> outside structure is fine, but we need to check the details!

"by the two ears" --> signals passive voice! Always go for active voice, so long as the 'doer/s' (in this case the ears) appear/s in the sentence!

Passive voice is used with the 'doer' is not present.

Correct: The car was stolen on Tuesday.
Incorrect: The car was stolen by John on Tuesday.



(D) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining

"differences" (plural subject).... "helps" (singular verb)--> There's no need to read the details.

(E) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining

"by the two ears"-->passive voice
Idiom for "help" (see B)
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2007, 07:37
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A for me.

differences need help, not helps.

using between will not be idiomatic.
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2009, 00:22
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IMO A

(A) in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine - CORRECT
(B) in the two ears hearing a given sound help the listener in determining - as if differences in the ears
(C) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine - differences is plural
(D) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining
(E) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2011, 22:44
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misterJJ2u wrote:
In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine the qualities of that sound.

(b) in the two ears hearing a given sound hep the listener in determining
(c) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine
(d) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining
(e) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining

--------------------
Explanations are much appreciated. I had a really hard time ruling out choices for some reason. I'd like to know what I should have been looking for on this one.


A. in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine CORRECT
B. in the two ears hearing a given sound help the listener in determining. Awkward construction
C. in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine Subject and Verb agreement issue.
D. between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining Usage of between is wrong idiom correct idiom is between X and Y.

E. between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining.Usage of between is wrong idiom correct idiom is between X and Y.
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2011, 23:06
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A for me too...
Went for D initially but realised that differences requires the usage of "helps" instead of "help"
B- can be eliminated for the above reason..
C- is incorrect because of passive voice..
E- eliminated because of the usage of "help" and passive voice...
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2013, 00:04
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In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine the qualities of that sound.

(a) in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine
Correct. S-V agreement "differences......help".

(b) in the two ears hearing a given sound help the listener in determining
Wrong. change meaning "differences in the two ears"

(c) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine
Wrong. differences is plural, so "helps" is incorrect.

(d) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining
Wrong. "differences between how the two ears hear" is wrong idiom. Should be "differences between how X and how Y". Also, "helps" is incorrect.

(e) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining
Wrong. "differences between how the two ears hear" is wrong idiom. Should be "differences between how X and how Y". Also, "help in doing something" is wrong idiom.

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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2013, 01:34
In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine the qualities of that sound.

(b) in the two ears hearing a given sound hep the listener in determining - change in meaning, the differences are not in the two ears but in how the 2 ears hear a sound also 'in determining' is wordy,to determine is the correct idiom

(c) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine - [color=#ff0000]differences does not agree with the singular verb helps[/color]

(d) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining - differences between - wrong idiom, helps & differences do not agree

(e) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining - differences between - wrong idiom,to determine is the correct idiom

A - differences in is the correct idiom, the verb help is plural and agrees with the plural differences
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2016, 13:24
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First, it shouldn't be "help the listener to determine" (although that is how lots of people would say it). You don't need the "to" - and, if you don't need it, then it's not going to be in the correct answer!

Be careful about deciding based upon what sounds good or bad. The test will fool your ear. Go based upon the specific rules you KNOW are true.

You may read an original sentence and think it sounds awkward (in fact, this will happen quite a lot!), but if you cannot point to a specific area that you KNOW is an actual grammatical error, don't eliminate A. It stays in as a possibility.

The in vs. between issue is an idiom. I say differences in X (just one thing) or differences between X and Y (two things). This sentence has one thing: how the two ears hear a given sound. So, I need "differences in." Elim D and E.

B says "differences in the two ears hearing" - that makes it sound like the two ears themselves are different (as in, they look different or something), as opposed to a difference in the way the two ears perceive a sound. That's not the original meaning (and doesn't even make a lot of sense), so elim B.

C says "differences... helps" - that's a subj-verb mismatch. Elim C. (you can also use this to elim D, if you haven't already eliminated it).

Only A is left. (And, usually this will be the process for getting yourself to A. There won't be anything wrong with it but you'll be suspicious of it b/c 80% of the time there IS something wrong with it, so you'll find some reason to say it sounds bad. But DO NOT eliminate A unless you can point to a specific error. Leave it in and test the others.)
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2016, 00:38
Still not sure on A. 'to' has to be there..
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2016, 14:04
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debbiem wrote:
Still not sure on A. 'to' has to be there..


No, "to" is not mandatory. The following is an excerpt from Manhattan SC guide from the chapter Idioms:

RIGHT:
He HELPS RAKE the leaves.
He HELPS TO RAKE the leaves.
He HELPS me RAKE the leaves.
He HELPS me TO RAKE the leaves.
His HELP IN RAKING the leaves has been welcome.

WRONG:
He HELPS me IN RAKING the leaves.
I need him AS HELP TO RAKE the leaves.
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2016, 10:00
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misterJJ2u wrote:
In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine the qualities of that sound.

(a) in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine
(b) in the two ears hearing a given sound help the listener in determining
(c) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine
(d) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining
(e) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining

--------------------
Explanations are much appreciated. I had a really hard time ruling out choices for some reason. I'd like to know what I should have been looking for on this one.


correct idiom is 'differences between X and Y'. Choice D and E lack 'and'. D and E are out.

'differences' requires ''help' and not 'helps'. C is out.

differences are in 'how the ears hear' and not 'in two ears'. B is out.

A is the answer
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2019, 13:30
misterJJ2u wrote:
In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine the qualities of that sound.


(A) in how the two ears hear a given sound help the listener determine - Correct

(B) in the two ears hearing a given sound help the listener in determining - using "hearing" and "in determining" is wrong (the verb-ing)

(C) in how a sound is heard by the two ears helps the listener determine - SV agreement error. "Subtle Difference... helps? wrong

(D) between how the two ears hear a given sound helps the listener in determining - SV agreement error. "Subtle Difference... helps? wrong

(E) between how a sound is heard by the two ears help the listener in determining - Same in B
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2019, 11:36
Just an extra note that between does not always necessitates and


Right: Between X and Y;
Right: Between two X's ...;
Wrong: Between how two X's ...;

To determine > in determining
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Re: In human hearing, subtle differences in how the two ears hear a given   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2019, 11:36
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