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In one of the most surprising victories in World War I, the newly-form

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Joined: 24 Aug 2010
Posts: 68
In one of the most surprising victories in World War I, the newly-form  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2010, 09:07
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

80% (00:52) correct 20% (01:07) wrong based on 15 sessions

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In one of the most surprising victories in World War I, the newly-formed Soviet communist state was routed by the Polish General, Jozef Pilsudski, demanding that it should push back its borders east of Vilnius.

(A) demanding that it should
(B) demanding it to
(C) and their demand to
(D) who demanded that it
(E) who demanded them to
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Joined: 26 Jul 2010
Posts: 425
Re: In one of the most surprising victories in World War I, the newly-form  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2010, 11:48
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3
When you're asked to supply a Modifier, as you are here (clues: it follows a comma and is nonessential to the meaning of the sentence - you could just as easily stop at "Pilsudski" and the sentence s till makes sense) it's important that the modifier is clear in what it described.

"Demanding" in A and B could describe "the newly formed state" - remember, "-ing" verbs used as modifiers can describe the subject of the sentence. That's fairly illogical (while being routed does it have any potential to demand anything?), and it also means that "it" as a pronoun is illogical ("it" really needs to refer to "Russian state", and in that case it wouldn't make sense to demand anything from itself).

C uses the pronoun "their", which has no referent - "their" is plural and the only nouns that it could refer to are "state" and "General".

Similarly, "E" uses "them", which has no referent. As Amma points out, D is correct: "who" as a modifier matches with "Jozef", and "it" to the state. The modifier and the pronoun both have clear, logical referents, and so D is correct.
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In one of the most surprising victories in World War I, the newly-form  [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2018, 03:42
Ayrish wrote:
In one of the most surprising victories in World War I, the newly-formed Soviet communist state was routed by the Polish General, Jozef Pilsudski, demanding that it should push back its borders east of Vilnius.

(A) demanding that it should
(B) demanding it to
(C) and their demand to
(D) who demanded that it
(E) who demanded them to

MANHATTAN REVIEW OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

Demanding’ is incorrect as it sounds as if the action is taking place now rather then during WW1. C changes the meaning and introduces an unclear pronoun, ‘their’. E also has an unclear pronoun, ‘them’. If the pronoun refers to the Russian state, it should be singular. Only D is correct.
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In one of the most surprising victories in World War I, the newly-form   [#permalink] 04 Sep 2018, 03:42
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