GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Oct 2018, 10:58

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Appearing for GMAT
Joined: 23 May 2011
Posts: 100
Location: United States (NJ)
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 12 Oct 2018, 04:14
16
39
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

39% (01:37) correct 61% (01:34) wrong based on 1354 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?


A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.

_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything.
Thanks Rphardu


Originally posted by rphardu on 07 Aug 2011, 09:09.
Last edited by Bunuel on 12 Oct 2018, 04:14, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2014
Posts: 14
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Aug 2014, 11:23
4
3
naval.sheth wrote:
please can anyone explain A is not the the answer......


Hi naval.sheth, and dransa,

The prompt once more:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?

GOAL:
This is an inference question, and inference questions specifically ask us to find an answer that we know FOR A FACT.

Here's the difference between A and B:

A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
Read the option VERY carefully. Does the prompt tell us that the PEOPLE would appear foolish, or that the sentences would appear foolish? That's the difference. We aren't given any basis to comment on how the people making the sentences would look---only the sentences.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
Now, from the information highlighted in the passage, since we know that the only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences, then that would mean that those who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language. Therefore, given the facts from the prompt, we know this answer has to be true.
_________________

Allen T.
EMPOWERgmat Advisor
http://www.empowergmat.com

EMPOWERgmat GMAT Club Page, Study Plans, & Discounts
http://gmatclub.com/blog/courses/empowergmat-discount/?fl=menu

Image

Most Helpful Community Reply
Retired Moderator
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 1835
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2011, 10:03
7
1
rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Only if those people uttered original sentences before fluent speakers.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
>Yes, because person must practice EFFECTIVELY to learn a foreign language and the ONLY(just one) effective way to learn is by uttering original sentence AND not by reciting the memorized one.

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Maybe not because of their foolish utterances, but who knows because of SOME other reason. Maybe a reason not at all related to learning language.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Making a mistake guarantees appearing foolish; not making a mistake is no guarantee for appearing not-foolish. Bit bizarre and inconsiderate, but we can't make any assumption beyond what's conveyed in the passage.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
>No way. Remember what was the ONLY effective way. ONLY. If not, see B.


_________________

~fluke

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Apr 2008
Posts: 174
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Aug 2011, 10:25
1
I disagree with B). "The only EFFECTIVE way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones." Note the word EFFECTIVE. It implies that reciting memorized sentences is still possible, while not EFFECTIVE, to learn the language. Choice B) is wrong because it says that people who ONLY recite memorized sentences NEVER learn to speak the language.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Jun 2012
Posts: 16
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 May 2014, 21:57
3
1
rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.


The question contains two necessary condition markers in the sentence (eg: must,only) so we can use the "Sufficient /Necessary conditions" way to answer this question.

Sentence1: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively.
Must is a necessary condition marker and it modifies "practice effectively" so we can build a logical chain as:

LSF (learn to speak foreign language) -> PE (Practice effectively). (LSF is sufficient condition here)

Sentence2: The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones.
Only is a necessary condition marker and it modifies "uttering original sentences and Not reciting memorized ones".
The logical chain is:

PE -> UOS (utter original sentences, if we dont (ie ~UOS ) means we recite memorizes ones).

Sentence3: A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.
Only is again a necessary condition marker here and it modifies "Makes mistakes that appear foolish". The logical chain is :

UOS -> MMAF (make mistakes appear foolish).

From the three sentences the complete logical chain is:
LSF->PE->UOS->MMAF
The contrapositive of this is: ~MMAF->~UOS->~PE->~LSF.


We need to look for the above two in the answer choices.

A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
LSF->AF . This is wrong , we need to also make mistake to appear foolish. ie MMAF.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
~UOS -> ~LFS. This is a contrapositive and is correct. (~UOS means that we are reciting memorized sentences and not uttering Original sentences)

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
~LF->~AF. This is wrong , it is wrong negation of the logic chain above.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
MM->AF , this is what is given in the argument. and this choice talks about ~MM->~AF which is again wrong negation.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
Nothing mentioned about this in the argument.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 23 Nov 2013
Posts: 12
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jul 2014, 23:37
please can anyone explain A is not the the answer......
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 466
Concentration: Technology, Other
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Sep 2014, 08:33
1
I request the members to elucidate more on the "B".

Basically, i would like to discuss about wht mrblack wrote abt B.
I disagree with B). "The only EFFECTIVE way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones." Note the word EFFECTIVE. It implies that reciting memorized sentences is still possible, while not EFFECTIVE, to learn the language. Choice B) is wrong because it says that people who ONLY recite memorized sentences NEVER learn to speak the language.
I don't want to sound "thinking too much" here :) but this is how i would look at it.
The only effective way to practice <=> The only way that is (also)effective ,to practice.
In other words its the only way and its effective.Now if its the only way then B fits correctly here.
B.People who [color=#2e3192]only recite memorized
sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.[/color]

BTW I selected D but then it doesn't pass the fact test as argument just mentions that "A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.". Arg doesn't mentions abt the scenario mentioned in
D:"People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language."
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 21 Apr 2014
Posts: 39
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Dec 2014, 01:21
2
The problems that people are having with B are sound, if it weren't for the first sentence. The first sentence clearly states that "In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively." Thus the fact that it is effective is essential and without effective practice, the person would never learn to speak a foreign language. Thus, if they only recite memorized sentences, they will not practice effectively and they will not learn the language.
_________________

Eliza
GMAT Tutor
bestgmatprepcourse.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Dec 2017
Posts: 16
Location: India
CAT Tests
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2018, 05:37
rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?


A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.


To learn to speak= must practice effectively
Not practicing effectively= you won't learn to speak-(1)
only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones
If you recite memorized ones= you are not following the "only effective way"to practice-(2)
from (1) and (2)
If you only recite memorized one= you won't learn to speak
B:)
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice &nbs [#permalink] 12 Oct 2018, 05:37
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.