Bunuel wrote:
In planning for a trip, Joan estimated both the distance of the trip, in miles, and her average speed, in miles per hour. She accurately divided her estimated distance by her estimated average speed to obtain an estimate for the time, in hours, that the trip would take. Was her estimate within 0.5 hour of the actual time that the trip took?
(1) Joan’s estimate for the distance was within 5 miles of the actual distance.
(2) Joan’s estimate for her average speed was within 10 miles per hour of her actual average speed.
Target question: Was Joan's ESTIMATE within 0.5 hour of the ACTUAL TIME that the trip took? Statement 1: Joan’s ESTIMATE for the distance was within 5 miles of the ACTUAL distance. Travel time = distance/speedStatement 1 provides information regarding the accuracy of Joan's estimation of the
travel distance, BUT it does not provide any information regarding her accuracy in estimating her
speed.
As such, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statement 2: Joan’s estimate for her average speed was within 10 miles per hour of her actual average speed.Statement 2 provides information regarding the accuracy of Joan's estimation of her
average speed, BUT it does not provide any information regarding her accuracy in estimating the travel
distance.
As such, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statements 1 and 2 combined Let's test some numbers.
There are several possible scenarios that satisfy BOTH statements. Here are two:
Case a: Joan's estimates were PERFECTLY accurate. In this case,
her ACTUAL travel time was definitely WITHIN 0.5 hours of her ESTIMATED travel.
Case b: Joan's ESTIMATED distance and average speed were 8 miles and 8 miles per hour respectively, and the ACTUAL distance and average speed were 5 miles and 1 mile per hour respectively. So, Joan's ESTIMATED travel time = 8/8 = 1 hour, and her ACTUAL travel time = 5/1 = 5 hours. In this case,
Joan's ACTUAL travel time was NOT WITHIN 0.5 hours of her ESTIMATED travel.
Since we cannot answer the
target question with certainty, the combined statements are NOT SUFFICIENT
Answer: E
Cheers,
Brent
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