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In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the

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In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2008, 12:33
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In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in their body fat, and the larger the dolphin the more accumulated toxin it can tolerate. Nearly 80 percent of the toxins a female dolphin has accumulated pass into the fat-rich milk her nursing calf ingests. Therefore, the unusually high mortality rate among dolphin calves in the industrially contaminated waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast is probably the result of their being poisoned by their mother’s milk.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) The survival rate of firstborn dolphin calves in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast is highest for those whose mothers were killed before they were weaned.

(B) The rate at which adult dolphins living in the waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast accumulate toxins is no higher than that of adult dolphins in comparably polluted waters elsewhere.

(C) Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings.

(D) As dolphins age, they accumulate toxins from the environment more slowly than when they were young.

(E) Dolphins, like other marine mammals, than do most land mammals.

GMATPrep Code : VCR001296
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2008, 12:36
saravalli wrote:
In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in their body fat,
and the larger the dolphin the more accumulated toxin it can tolerate. Nearly 80
percent of the toxins a female dolphin has accumulated pass into the fat-rich milk her
nursing calf ingests. Therefore, the unusually high mortality rate among dolphin
calves in the industrially contaminated waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast is probably
the result of their being poisoned by their mother’s milk.
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. The survival rate of firstborn dolphin calves in the area along Florida’s Gulf
Coast is highest for those whose mothers were killed before they were
weaned.
B. The rate at which adult dolphins living in the waters along Florida’s Gulf
Coast accumulate toxins is no higher than that of adult dolphins in comparably
polluted waters elsewhere.
C. Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the
mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings.
D. As dolphins age, they accumulate toxins from the environment more slowly
than when they were young.
E. Dolphins, like other marine mammals, have a higher proportion of body fat
than do most land mammals.


This is a tough one. I am between C and D, but I am going to go with C. If they have living siblings, chances are that their mother was not contaminated as heavily as most.
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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2008, 12:59
Personally, I was deciding btwn A and C ... on d day i probably would have chosen A :(

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2008, 14:31
A clearly strngthens the argument by saying that those calves who have not taken mothers milk so not poisoned and have highest survival rate .
Others weaken or have no effect on argument

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2008, 16:34
I would choose A also. It shows that not having the mothers milk that is contaminated and can survive. Although, the question remains, can they live without milk all together? Or does it matter?

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2008, 18:50
I would also choose A . If the mothers were killed before they calphs were weaned ( fed with milk ) it clearly shows that milk was responsible for the deaths and strengthens the argument.

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2008, 19:28
You know I did not understand the meaning of 'weaned'. (poor vocab)
I immediately recalled the CR tip, which said, if you don't understand a cryptic word, then don't go for it..becoz gmat guys wantedly plant some wrong choices with such words..but ..you see what happened today..I again dug my own grave by using too much of strategy.... :-D :-D

Thanks guys. 8-) OA is A

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2008, 08:46
It helps me in these problems to zero in on the conclusion which in this case is:

Therefore, the unusually high mortality rate among dolphin
calves in the industrially contaminated waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast is probably
the result of their being poisoned by their mother’s milk.

So we need to strengthen the fact that the mother's milk is causing the calves do die.

This makes getting the answer much easier because in this case there is only 1 answer that even address the calves mortality rate and the mothers milk.

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2009, 20:29
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In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in their body fat,
and the larger the dolphin the more accumulated toxin it can tolerate. Nearly 80
percent of the toxins a female dolphin has accumulated pass into the fat-rich milk her
nursing calf ingests. Therefore, the unusually high mortality rate among dolphin
calves in the industrially contaminated waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast is probably
the result of their being poisoned by their mother’s milk.
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?
A. The survival rate of firstborn dolphin calves in the area along Florida’s Gulf
Coast is highest for those whose mothers were killed before they were
weaned.
B. The rate at which adult dolphins living in the waters along Florida’s Gulf
Coast accumulate toxins is no higher than that of adult dolphins in comparably
polluted waters elsewhere.
C. Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the
mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings.
D. As dolphins age, they accumulate toxins from the environment more slowly
than when they were young.
E. Dolphins, like other marine mammals,
than do most land mammals.

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2009, 07:46
I like A, but can't the newly born dolphins die simply because of unavailability of other nutrients in the milk or because of mommy to take care? Or is this thinking too much? However, the best answer seems to be A

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2009, 03:10
I dont want to think much :) I go with A.

whatthehell: A says that if the mother is not there then 'survival' rate is higher. Not the mortality rate. So we dont have to think about the reason for the calves being dead.

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2014, 23:19
Hi,

As the conclusion states that poisoned mother milk cause high motality rate of dolphins calves.

Keeping this in mind. How can we eliminate the option C,which states that " Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings" Doesn't that implies that living with siblings means ,there would be presence of mother here,and mother would be feeding poisoned milk.

isn't it?

Please help me where I'm wrong?


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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2014, 02:06
Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi,

As the conclusion states that poisoned mother milk cause high motality rate of dolphins calves.

Keeping this in mind. How can we eliminate the option C,which states that " Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings" Doesn't that implies that living with siblings means ,there would be presence of mother here,and mother would be feeding poisoned milk.

isn't it?

Please help me where I'm wrong?


Thanks


Hi Nitin

C, if anything, could be considered a weakener. The question asks you to strengthen the argument that the unusually high mortality rate among dolphin calves in the industrially contaminated waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast is probably the result of their being poisoned by their mother’s milk.

But option C tells us that mortality rate is highest for these calves who have living siblings. This means that both the calf (which subsequently died) and its living siblings could have had the same mother’s milk but while its siblings survived, it died. So it indicates that poisoning from mother’s milk is not the likely cause here for the high mortality rate of calves.
Hope that clarifies your doubts :)

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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Conclusion: Mothers pass toxic to their calf through their milk.

A. The survival rate of firstborn dolphin calves in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast is highest for those whose mothers were killed before they were weaned - Supports the conclusion.

B. The rate at which adult dolphins living in the waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast accumulate toxins is no higher than that of adult dolphins in comparably polluted waters elsewhere - Out of Scope. It is neutral to the argument.

C. Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings.
Not supporting the arguments, presents an alternate clause - Weakens the argument.

D. As dolphins age, they accumulate toxins from the environment more slowly than when they were young.
Not supporting the arguments, presents an alternate clause - Weakens the argument.

E. Dolphins, like other marine mammals, have a higher proportion of body fat than do most land mammals.
Out of scope.
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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2014, 08:24
mymba99 wrote:
In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in their body fat,
and the larger the dolphin the more accumulated toxin it can tolerate. Nearly 80
percent of the toxins a female dolphin has accumulated pass into the fat-rich milk her
nursing calf ingests. Therefore, the unusually high mortality rate among dolphin
calves in the industrially contaminated waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast is probably
the result of their being poisoned by their mother’s milk.
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. The survival rate of firstborn dolphin calves in the area along Florida’s Gulf
Coast is highest for those whose mothers were killed before they were
weaned.
B. The rate at which adult dolphins living in the waters along Florida’s Gulf
Coast accumulate toxins is no higher than that of adult dolphins in comparably
polluted waters elsewhere.
C. Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the
mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings.
D. As dolphins age, they accumulate toxins from the environment more slowly
than when they were young.
E. Dolphins, like other marine mammals, have a higher proportion of body fat
than do most land mammals.


I would have chosen A.

Other options weaken the argument or are not as effective

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulate toxins in their body fat, and the larger the dolphin the more accumulated toxin it can tolerate. Nearly 80 percent of the toxins a female dolphin has accumulated pass into the fat-rich milk her nursing calf ingests. Therefore, the unusually high mortality rate among dolphin calves in the industrially contaminated waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast is probably the result of their being poisoned by their mother’s milk. Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. The survival rate of firstborn dolphin calves in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast is highest for those whose mothers were killed before they were weaned.

B. The rate at which adult dolphins living in the waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast accumulate toxins is no higher than that of adult dolphins in comparably polluted waters elsewhere.

C. Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings.

D. As dolphins age, they accumulate toxins from the environment more slowly than when they were young.

E. Dolphins, like other marine mammals, have a higher proportion of body fat than do most land mammals.
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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2015, 21:15
souvik101990 wrote:
In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulate toxins in their body fat, and the larger the dolphin the more accumulated toxin it can tolerate. Nearly 80 percent of the toxins a female dolphin has accumulated pass into the fat-rich milk her nursing calf ingests. Therefore, the unusually high mortality rate among dolphin calves in the industrially contaminated waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast is probably the result of their being poisoned by their mother’s milk. Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. The survival rate of firstborn dolphin calves in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast is highest for those whose mothers were killed before they were weaned.

B. The rate at which adult dolphins living in the waters along Florida’s Gulf Coast accumulate toxins is no higher than that of adult dolphins in comparably polluted waters elsewhere.

C. Among dolphin calves born in the area along Florida’s Gulf Coast, the mortality rate is highest among those with living siblings.

D. As dolphins age, they accumulate toxins from the environment more slowly than when they were young.

E. Dolphins, like other marine mammals, have a higher proportion of body fat than do most land mammals.



Sounds like the answer is A. if the Mother is killed before the calves weaned then the toxicity build up from the milk is less than it could have been which might account for the higher survival rate.

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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2015, 14:09
Premise: That Female dolphins pass toxins to their calves via feeding is responsible for High mortality rate along the Florida's Gulf Coast.

Strengthener: Female dolphins were killed before feeding--> no feeding to Calves--> no toxins to kill Calves --> highest rate of survival ==leads to==> no other reason for high mortality rate other then feeding of toxins.

So, A.
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Re: In polluted environments, dolphins gradually accumulated toxins in the   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2016, 22:17

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